RG 331 Box 940
IN THE MATTER OF JAPANESE WAR CRIMES
AND IN THE MATTER OF THE ILL- TREATMENT OF
PRISONERS OF WAR AT FUNATSU PRISONER
OF WAR CAMP BETWEEN JULY 1944 AND AUGUST 1945
A F F I D A V I T
I, Henry BLAKE, with permanent address at 15 Barnton
Street, Stirling, c/o Morrison, make oath and say as follows:
1. Whilst serving as a Private in the 2nd Battalion Argyll
& Sutherland Highlanders I was taken prisoner by the
Japanese as Singapore on 15th February, 1942, and after spending
various periods of captivity at prisoner of war camps in Singapore
and Siam, I was sent to Japan in May, 1944. I arrived at Funatsu
Camp in June, 1944, and remained in this camp as a prisoner of
war until the cessation of hostilities with Japan.
2. There is now produced and shown to me as a folder of photographs
marked exhibit "A" containing 7 photographs of Japanese
bearing numbers 1 to 7 respectively. [Goup 1
to 4; Group 5-7]
(a.) I recognise No. 1 of these photographs as that
of a Guard who was known by the nickname "THE BULL"
and who was permanently of the staff at Funatsu. He was a brutal
type and frequently kicked prisoners of war. On two or three
occasions I, personally, was kicked by him for not saluting or
not getting out of his way in time. In July, 1945, three American
prisoners of war had been caught stealing a handful of rice from
the store near to the factory where they were employed. The "BULL"
made the three prisoners strip naked, climb up a ladder and kneel
on the rungs of the ladder. The men had to remain in that position
for five or six hours. While they were on the ladder he took
a split bamboo cane and struck them on the legs, above the knees,
until the skin lifted. They were then put into the guard room.
(b) I recognize No. 2 of the photographs as that of Sergeant
YAMASAKI, who was Guncha in charge of the camp. He was the most
brutal of the Japanese at this camp.
About January, 1945, I was working in a party about to leave
camp, and was being paraded near to the camp office, when I saw
an American prisoner of was being brutally beaten by YAMASAKI
in the office. He was assaulting the man with a steel rod. This
treatment went on for six or seven minutes. We were marched away
while the prisoner was still being beaten up. On returning to
the camp, I saw the prisoner being carried from the guard room
to the hospital.
About six weeks before Japan capitulated, an American prisoner
names MANN attempted an escape. He was brought to the camp by
two civilian police after being away for 36 hours. He was bleeding
when he was brought in. Lieutenant FURUSHIMA struck him on the
head with a stool immediately [after] he was brought in. The
Lieutenant left soon afterwards, and YAMASAK was in charge. On
two nights I saw MANN being taken from the guard room to a water
tank situated outside the camp gates, where he was tied to the
wooden structure holding up the tank. His hands were strapped
above his head. YAMASAKI and others then beat him with sticks
until he appeared to become unconscious. His flesh was black
and blue because of this treatment. While I can speak to seeing
YAMASAKI beating MANN, I cannot give the names of the others
involved. On several mornings I heard MANN screaming in the guard
room as if he were being beaten up. After fifteen day he died.
I saw his body being brought out and being put into a box.
YAMASAKI took a leading part in all brutalities inflicted on
In April or May, 1945, an American soldier, Private ROLAND, broke
into the camp stores and stole a quantity of cigarettes. Immediately
after the theft was discovered, a search was made of the camp
nad this soldier was found to be in possession of the stolen
cigarettes. The whole camp was paraded, approximately 150 Americans
and 205 British soldiers, and ROLAND was paraded in front of
the soldiers, without any covering on the upper part of his body.
YAMASAKI took off his belt and gave it to the first American
in the line, and instructed him to strike ROLAND on the back
with the belt. The belt was then passed to all the American soldiers
and each man struck a blow at ROLAND. When it came to the British
soldiers, Lieutenant ORROCK approached YAMASAKI and told him
that the British soldiers would not infliect any punishment on
ROLAND. YAMASAKI struck ORROCK several blows on the face with
his fist, and the British soldiers were returned to their billets.
(c) I recognize No. 3 of the photographs as that of the
medical sergeant at Funatsu camp. I do not know his name. On
many occasions I have been kicked by him, and I think every other
prisoner in the camp had similar treatment. He was the most feared
man in camp. He only allowed our medical officer CHRISTISSON
a certain number of men to remain off duty sick at one time.
This resulted, on many occasions, in the medical officer having
to put men to work who were unfit. One man, Sapper GUNTRIP [Guntrip,
Percy Gordon, died 16 Feb 1945, Driver, 288 Field Coy, 2070427,
Bedford England], was obviously very ill yet he was sent to work
a the factory, and he collapsed at work and died. Several other
prisoners, to my knowledge, died because the were physically
unfit to undertake the work which they were forced to do in spite
of their physical condition.
(d) I recognise No. 4 of these photographs as that of
the camp store man. I do not know his name. I found him reasonably
fair in his dealings with the prisoners.
(e) I recognise No. 5 of these photographs as that of
a camp guard. I do not know his name. Apart from seeing him occasionally
kicking the prisoners, I cannot say anything more about him.
(f) I recognise No. 6 of these photographs as that of
a civilian guard at the camp. I do not know his name, and cannot
say anything against him.
(g) I recognise No. 7 of these photographs as that of
a civilian guard at the camp. I do not know his name, and cannot
say anything more about him.
(h) About the end of 1944, an American Private named PRIEST [Priest,
Leroy, PFC, 60th CAC], who was said to have wandered out of the
camp, was lying in the guard room. The Japanese guards said that
he was confined to the guard room without protection from the
cold. I later saw him crippling [hobbling] about the camp. His
toes had been amputated in the hospital by that time. It was
well known in the camp that his toes were amputated as a result
of frost bite received while in the guard room.
(i) I had knowledge of two American Privates [Freeman, Clarence
A., USN and Horpling-Hoefling, Delbert Leon, USN] being caught
stealing Red Cross supplies, and that, as a result of being detained
in the guard room without adequate protection from the cold,
both men lost toes through frost bite. I do not know who was
responsible for them being in the guard room under these conditions.
SWORN by the above-named Henry BLAKE
at Police Headquarters, STIRLING,
this Thirty-first day of January, 1947.
/s/ Henry Blake
/S/ Robt Mahoney
Justice of the Peace
for the County of Stirling