Hyogo Civilian Internment Camps


121 On June 15, 1942, our delegate in Japan visited the camps at Kobe. Address for the four camps is Kencho Prefectural Office Kobe. Camp one opened December 9, 1941. There are 39 internees including 8 Americans of whom 4 will be transferred. All men aged 19 to 76 are quartered in the girls dormitory of the Canadian Academy, excellent location east of Kobe. Three story buildings, 415 square meters, with electric lights, gas stoves and coal. Dormitory bedrooms, bathrooms and wash basins with running water, dining room, the kitchen has a refrigerator, two Japanese cooks and two assistants. Daily rations consist of 400 grams of bread, 100 grams meat, 140 grams fish, 100 potatoes, 100 vegetables, 4 deciliters of milk, one egg, tea or coffee, marmelade, fruits, 350 sugar monthly, 225 butter weekly sometimes cheese. Internees are in good health and are gaining weight. No deaths and one was sent home because of old age. Clothing is sufficient. Medical and dental care when necessary, weekly baths. Plenty of exercise, tennIs, volley ball, working in gardens, and excursions twice a week, with camp maintenance work. There is a library with own special books, radio, victrola, and piano. Financial situation good, but money is spent according to approval of authorities. There is one without funds, but it isn't necessary because everything is furnished. This is one of the best Japanese camps with an excellent camp commandant. Discipline and morale very good, no complaints.

Camp Two opened December 11, 1941, with 43 internees coming from this location and Guam. There are 20 Americans, 18 from Guam will be transferred, businessmen, 15 missionaries including two Protestants, ages 25 to 57. One baby was born on Guam. Situated in Indian Hotel Eastern Lodge. Rooms with two European beds, washbasins, three showers, six toilets with running water, electric lights, radiators. Dining room, large kitchen, ice box, two good Japanese cooks who prepare three meals a day with the quantity of food equal to that of camp one and better preparation than that of the free bhabi.tants of' the same class. Tea and coffee every day. Unrestricted supplementary rations, vegetable garden. Clothing sufficient, rationed to 100 points the same as residents. Hygiene and health good with medical and dental care when necessary in a hospital in the city. No deaths, daily baths. Billiards, ping pong, cards, checkers, newspapers, books, walks. The financial situation is good except for two who cannot support Japanese wives. Local correspondence accorded for letters and packages overseas. Correspondence by exchange ship and later by transasiatic service. Permission is given for visits to or from the outside. The different nationalities are represented by one woman and three men of confidence. Requests more free space for exercise and walks. Very good camp.

Camp Three, opened January 23, 1942, has 56 American internees from Guam, transferred from prisoner of war camp at Zentsuji. Merchants and technicians, aged 38 to 69. Situated in a large stone house, in a sunny location south of the city. House with three floors and basement, two floors containing 530 square meters and third floor smaller. Nine rooms with five to ten European beds with blankets but no sheets or pillow cases, washbasins, bath tubs, toilets with running water but not sufficient for number interned, steam heat and electric lights. The laundry is done by internees or sent out. Two dining rooms, one cook, but preparation is monotonous, and although food is not bad, meals are bought in a nearby restaurant. Daily ration 450 grams bread, 2 deciliters of rice, 100 grams fish once or twice a week, 35 poultry, spaghetti, potatoes, cabbage, carrots, salad, margarine, cup of coffee and tea with sugar. Milk and eggs lacking. Although weight is now stationary, internees lost 10 kilos at first. Some are sick with bad ears and throats. They are visited by Japanese and European specialists or sent to hospitals according to necessity. General health condition is not bad. Tropical clothing insufficient and the twenty to thirty yen given by Swiss Legation for monthly purchase of wardrobe is insufficient. The only clothes brought from Guam were the ones they were wearing. Weekly baths, exercise free in garden of eight ares [acres?], ping pong, walks, movies shown once, camp maintenance work, religious services by priest. Local correspondence is permitted but hardly used by internees at Kobe. Each allowed one letter by exchange ship. As soon as transasiatic service is established, letters and packages from abroad will be submitted for approval of the authorities. The treatment by the camp commandant is good. Clothes and underclothing will be necessary for next winter, more money and correspondence requested.

Camp Four, opened January 23, 1942, with 74 American men aged 21 to 71, interned consisting of laborers, contractors, technicians, ten priests from Guam. Situated in Seaman's Club, wainscotted building, facing unguarded street, on east side, in the middle of business district. Area of 670 meters, heated by fire places. 12 dormitories with European bed, imperfect bedding, toilet facilities insufficient. (5 washbasins, not enough tubs, 4 toilets with running water). One dining room, kitchen not used. Food from same restaurant as Camp 3. None seriously sick, no deaths, requests for more dental care, some transferred to European Hospital for treatment of itch. General health good. Ping pong, baseball on neighboring field, walks twice a day, library, cards and victrola, religious services, financial status, correspondence, and visits same as Camp 3. Discipline and morale good. Camp commandant does best he can under difficult circumstances. Requests for clothes and underclothing for next winter, sheets and pillow cases, mosquito netting, less people to a room, more dental and medical care, cooking by cook among internees, more exercise, and more techiical and scientific books.

Delegate made arrangements wlth authorities to improve conditions at Camp Three and Four. Swiss consulate and Legation continue efforts to increase monthly allowance to 50 yen. Japanese Red Cross assisted delegate and agreed to contribute aid with YMCA funds. Transfer within jurisdiction or Protecting Power is best remedy.

From: Special Division
Department of State
To: War Department (PMG)
Cable Received July 8, 1942

121... Camp No. 2.

Visit to this camp made June 15, 1942. Opened December 11, 1941. 43 internees coming from this location and Guam. There are 20 Americans, 18 from Guam will be transferred, business men, 15 missionaries including two Protestants, ages 25 to 57.

Situated in Indian Hotel Eastern Lodge. Contains rooms with two European beds, wash basins, running water, six toilets, three showers, electric lights and radiators.

Dining room and large kitchen which has large icebox. Cooking done by two good Japanese cooks who prepare three meals per day with the quantity of food equal to that of camp one and better than that of the free inhabitants of the same class.

Tea and coffee every day. Unrestricted supplementary rations. Vegetable garden.

Clothing sufficient and rationed to 100 points the same as residents. Health good with mediaal and dental care in hospital in city. No deaths, daily baths.

Plenty of games, books and recreation. Walks.

Financial situation good except for two who cannot support Japanese wives. Local correspondence accorded for letters and packages overseas. By exchange ship and later by transasiatic service. Permission for visits to or from outside. Different nationalities represented by 1 woman and 3 men of confidence. Camp very good.

Via Air Mail Pouch
Bern, May 29, 1943
No. 5170
Subject: American Interests - Japan
report of visit to civilian internees
camp No.2 Kobe.
Delegate of the Swiss Delegation Tokyo, visited the camp for civilian internees which is located on the premises of Eastern Lodge.

Only six Americans are in the camp, which houses British women principally.

Eastern Lodge is part of the Indian hotel located in the private residential section of the city out of danger.

Heating, lighting and furnishings are sufficient, as are beds and bedding.

Internees have their own clothing and have been allowed to keep what money they possessed. Clothing sufficient.

Authorization to write abroad was not given until six months of internment and now internees may send one letter of 100 words per month.

All internees received Red Cross packages distributed at the end of last year.

Food is well prepared by the Japanese cook and assistants, but there is no canteen for the internees.

Sanitary equipment is sufficient and Japanese doctor attends internees who are satisfied. No complaints, either from the internees or the camp commander.

Small garden open to internees during the day and walks each week. Library at disposal of internees, but no radio.

No punishment imposed and no escapes attempted.

af. - July 6, 1943

By State Department's Special Division
Memorandum of August 26, 1943

From the Special Division
Department of State to:
[illegible] _________________________
Date: Jun 5/44


This document contains information affecting
the national defense of the United States within
the meaning of the Espionage Act, 50 U.S.C.?,
31 and 32, as ??? transmission or the
revelation ??? in any manner to an
unauthorized person is prohibited by law.

Internment of American and Allied Nationals at
Kobe, Japan, Eastern Lodge Internment Camp 2.

From Samuel Sokobin American Consul

Kobe, Japan
Date of Completion, November 30, 1943
Date of Mailing, December 1, 1943
On board
M.S. Gripsholm


The attached report has been prepared by the following repatriates on board the Gripsholm:
Miss Helen M. Palmer,
Parkville, Missouri.

Miss Verna Hartzler,
2645 South Willard Avenue,
San Gabriel, California.

Mrs. M. H. Eite.
In care of J. W. Rawlinson,
R. F. D. No.6, Rawlinson Road,
Rock Hill, South Carolina.

Miss Ruth Nylander,
Free Methodist Publishing Company,
Winona Lake.
Miss Palmer has resided since 1921 in Japan where she was a teacher of English in a Presbyterian Mission girls' school.

Miss Hertzler has been a missionary in Japan since 1911. Mrs. M. H. Eite is an American lady who was married to a British national. In recent years she was secretary of subsidiaries of the Yee Tsoong Tobacco Company in Mukden, Manchuria.

Miss Nylander has been a missionary in Japan since 1909.

The editing of thie report for submission to the Department of State has been undertaken by Consul Samuel Sokobin.

Kobe, Japan
Eastern Lodge
Internment Camp No. 2.

I. Location.

Name and exact location of camp with description of distinguishing features or surroundings (so as to be identifiable from the air):

Number of internees broken down by sexes, nationality, race, age groups.

I. Name Eastern Lodge Hotel; Camp No. 2. 24 Kitano Cho, Kobe City, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan.

Location: About eight or ten minutes' walk up the Hill from the Sannomiya, Kobe, Government Railway station and the Hankyu Electric Terminus; North of the Yamate, 1 Chome, Street Car junction.

Building is two storey, frame, painted a kind of rose-tan (pinkish) and has Japanese tile roof .

Surroundings: Rather nice residences, many narrow, winding streets in the neighborhood. From these narrow, winding streets to the rear, the old hotel building seems to stand on a hill. Next door to the south is the old Indian (Hindu) Club building, two-storey, gray stucco with tile-roof, and covered with green ivy vines, on the same grounds as the Hotel.

Number of Internees: forty-eight; twenty-seven Catholic nuns who always wear their black habit with white trimmings; five married couples; 1 widow and daughter, aged about 50 and 25 years respectively; eight single women ranging in age from 35 to 62, and one widow aged about 45. The Catholic nuns ranged in age from about 28 to 70 years, and the couples from 35 to 67.

II. Description.

Description of premises: (Photographs if possible): Kind of buildings (e.g. barracks, abandoned factories, school or college buildings); estimate of square and cubic feet per internee; lighting and heating facilities (hours when available); kind and amount of bedding provided. Beds and nets.

II. Description of Premises:

Eastern Lodge Hotel, Camp 2, is an old Indian Hotel, semi-Japanese style building, two stories with sliding Japanese glass windows, street side is the west wall of the hotel. The insignia of the hotel is the Swastika, but reversed from that of the Nazi emblem. The name and emblem appear on the gate at the entrance to the small grounds. It is a rather dilapidated looking building but in better condition inside than out. Though the hotel building was taken over for internees by the Government, it retains its Hindu proprietor whose family (he has a Japanese wife and one child) and three or four other Indians still reside in the gray stucco Indian Club building. The yard is small, partly between the two buildings and to the east of the Club building.

There were two internees to one room, rooms approximately 12 x 12 in size; a few rooms were smaller, also in some cases three, nuns shared one room.

One electric light globe of 30 watts to a room was allowed. Lights had to be out by 9:30 p. m .

There was no heat in the bed rooms, but internees were allowed one coal heater in the dining room for which coal was provided most of the time during the day, in the coldest weather.

Beds, mostly with mattresses, were provided. One sheet and one pillow case per person per week were provided by the hotel. Nets were not provided but if anyone owned one personally, they were permitted to use it. Mosquitoes were not very bad last summer, and most of the internees kept them away fairly well by the use of "Flit", "Fly-tox" and "anti-mosquito lotion" which the guards usually purchased if desired and if paid for.

Most of the Hotel equipment as it was used, in former days to accommodate the Indians was retained, so there were chairs, tables, in the individual rooms and dining room, also cutlery and dishes necessary.

Following is a list of those interned in Camp from September 23, 1942, to September 12th, 1943. Some of them came in the same day and some in June of the same year as mentioned above:

Nuns of the Order of the Sacred Heart--
Mother Gibbs, American (Born in Japan)
Mother Gieson, Belgian
Mother Goulter, New Zealand
Mother McFarlan, Canadian
Mother Sproule, Australian
Mother Marshall, Canadian
Mother Alice Atkinson, American
Mother Tegina McKenna, Canadian
Sister Tonna, Maltese
Sister Grech, Maltese
Sister Bussutil, Maltese
Sister Fenech, Maltese
Sister Felici, Maltese
Sister Borg, Maltese
Sister Holland, Australian
Sister Leonard, Irish
Sister Flynn, Irish
Sister Ryab, Irish Free State
Sister Laflan, English (or Canadian)

Sister Gregory Lourdes, English-Order Notre Dame de Nevers. Society of the Infant Jesus, French-Canadian nuns:

Sister Ersine Stanislas.
Sister Madline (religious Name); real name: Marie Ann Berubi ["French" penciled in]
Sister Marie (religious Name); real name Ida Descheve
Sister St. Paul (religious Name); real name Camille Boucher
Sister Julienne (religious Name); real name Marie Morin
Sister Marie Barnard Raymond
Sister Ignace (religious Name); real name: Therese St. Pierre
Mr. and Mrs. Tom Barker; Irish-Scotch, Presbyterian
Mr. and Mrs. Dal Wedderburn, Scotch-Irish, Presbyterian
Mr. and Mrs. Trevor Oliver, Welsch-English, Plymouth Brethren
Mr. and Mrs. C. B. Kinnis, Scotch-English, Business people
Mr. and Mrs. John Dorward, Scotch-Scotch, Presbyterian
Miss Elizabeth Macgregor, Scotch, Presbyterian
Miss Margaret McCombe, Irish, Presbyterian
Miss Dorothy Crawford, Irish,Presbyterian
Miss Carrie Brixton, English, Plymouth Brethren
Mrs. Watson and Miss Irene Watson, from Harbin, Manchuria
Russian with English passports, business people
III. Sanitation

Facilities for washing, bathing, laundry, sewage and garbage disposal, etc. Number and kind of toilets. Supply of toilet paper.

Each room contained a stationary porcelain wash basin with running water (cold only). There was one small wash room with one wash bowl upstairs and one downstairs in connection with the showers. There were six showers, three upstairs and three down stairs. At first the water for showers and washing was heated every day, later, because of scarcity of coal, only every other day. There were no special laundry facilities but the wash bowls in the rooms, the little wash rooms, also buckets in the showers, when not in use for bathing  were all used. There was some space back of the proprieter's house (the Indian Club Building) used for drying but as this was insufficient for drying laundry, ropes were often stretched outside of windows (each room had double windows). The internees were allowed to use their own irons and improvised ironing boards in their rooms. Laundry could also be sent to local laundries at a reasonable rate.

The garbage was buried in part in the garden. The remainder was put in garbage boxes and taken away by garbage collectors who were supposed to come every other day in winter and every day in summer, but they did not always come regularly. Once when it became a problem, an interned doctor reported to the Japanese doctor who was officially assigned to the camp. The garbage man was changed and conditions improved. Drugs were also provided and the doctor disinfected the garbage daily in hot weather. There were three toilet s upstairs and three down stairs; all were flush toilets. Toilets for the kitchen staff were separate. Toilet paper was usually provided.

IV. Food and Clothing.

Food and clothing:
Facilities for and method of preparing food. Sources and handling of food. Food and clothing provided by Japanese. Relief supplies from International Red Cross; gift packages. Purchase of food and clothing by internees with their own funds. Post exchanges and canteens. Influence of local food situation on diet pprovided by the Japanese. Chinese cooks.

Camp No.2. Since it was located in an Indian Hotel, was operated on the same lines as the hotel had been managed, in so far as possible. Servants were retained. Food was purchased by housekeeper and cook (housekeeper was Japanese; Cook a Chinese) and was prepared in the hotel kitchen by servants. Food was adequate and well prepared. Sugar was scarce but one teaspoon per person per day was provided. One bottle (half-pint) milk per person per day and two small loaves of bread, probably 1 1/2 lbs. Breakfast consisted of good helping of Indian corn porridge and bread and approximately one inch square butter (very good butter), tea. Lunch varied, sometimes soup, if no soup at lunch, then soup was served at dinner. A hot meat, fish or chicken dish, vegetable and rice and dessert of fruit -- an apple, orange, loquat, strawberries, etc. in season. Tea, plain, provided at three o'clock (3:30 p. m.) each day. Dinner consisted of soup and about the same as lunch, but no rice, but usually fruit and approximately one inch square of butter. Meals were served in the dining room at tables for four.

Each day three internees set tables, helped serve and clear away. This work was voluntary, not compulsory. Fresh eggs were served occasionally, but egg powder was also used in egg dishes. Food tickets were provided by local authorities, as everything was rationed. In this camp food provided for internees was more than plenty, and better than could be obtained outside. Indian owner of hotel (a very kind and good man) was paid so much for the keep of internees and could feed them as he wishes within reason and scope of ration tickets. Japanese housekeeper and Chinese cook, both long in the employ of "foreigners", endeavored to obtain the best food and variety possible for internees.

There was no actual canteen in Eastern Lodge, but internees were allowed to go shopping and purchase anything obtainable with their own funds until March, 1943. After March, guards shopped for internees. Guards were helpful in obtaining extra butter, jams, honey, and other luxuries for internees. These commodities were handed to the lady head of the Camp who divided supplies equally. Once a month a supply of "sweets" such as Japanese cake, or candies, were provided by local authorities and paid for by internees. Internees had own funds but also if necessary received an allowance from the Swiss Consul, about Yen 30 to Yen 34.00 per month.

Hotel provided furnished rooms including bed clothes and linens, if internee could not provide own, such as one sheet, one pillow case and one bath towel per week, and paid for laundry of same. Bed covering ample, also quilts and blankets.

Clothing, if needed, could be purchased by internees by shopping in person until March, 1943. Afterwards these were purchased by guards. Shop-keepers were allowed to come to Camp with their goods, also tailors. Laundry could be sent out twice a week or done by internees on premises. Soap, though, was practically impossible to obtain.

In November, 1942, Red Cross Gift Packages (Prisoners' Packages) were given internees. Each internee received three food boxes, extra soap -- toilet and laundry -- jam, cocoa, dried potatoes, cigarettes and smoking tobacco; also each received one C. C. C. kit for men. Men internees received extra shaving brush. There were also about twenty food packages extra divided among internees.

V. Medical and Dental Care.

Availability of physicians and specialists. If Japanese physicians assigned to camp, their professional ability and training. Hospitalization outside camp, whether in occidental or oriental hospitals, quality of treatment and care. Who pays fees.

Medical and Dental care was very good. Dr. Kaneko, an American trained doctor, (graduate of Western Medical University at Minneapolis), attended all Camps in Kobe. Dr. Kaneko was a very efficient and conscientious doctor and did a great deal for the internees. In Eastern Lodge the internees were fortunate in having a lady doctor, fellow internee, who looked after internees in cooperation with Dr. Kaneko. In cases of serious illness internees could go to International Hospital in Kobe or to Japanese hospital if preferred. Two of the internees took advantage of this privilege.

Until March, 1943, internees were allowed to go to any doctor or dentist preferred, but after March only to Dr. Kaneko, and to the dentist selected by the authorities. Before March, the most popular dentist Was Dr. Hori, an American trained dentist, very good. After March internees could not go to Dr. Hori as his office was too far from Camp; a Japanese dentist with office across the street was chosen. Internees were allowed to go to this dentist any time and found his work most satisfactory.

An oculist and optrician were allowed to visit Camp for examinations after March, 1943. These were chosen upon recommendation of Kobe internees in Camp and were very satisfactory. Until March internees could go to any one.

Doctor Kaneko was paid by local authorities; the dentist was paid by local authorities for small work; for large work by internees. Hospital bills were paid by internees. It is believed that either local authorities or Swiss Consul would pay hospital bills if internees were unable to do so, but this never came up in Camp No.2.

VI. Supervision or Inspection

Swiss government officials
International Red Cross
Vatican delegates
Local relief societies

Are internees permitted to speak to Swiss representatives without witnesses present. Are local residents permitted or willing to visit internees. Precautions taken by Japanese during such visits.

During the term of internment Swiss Governemnt officials inspected the whole camp once: toilets, garbage, kitchen and everywhere. They were much pleased. A Swiss representative came once a month and internees who wished to do so were allowed to speak to him (seldom done except on business) but always in the guards' office. His secretary, a Japanese who understood English well, usually accompanied him.

There was no Red Cross visitor or inspector.

A Vatican Delegate called once and spoke to the internees assembled in the dining room. He asked a few questions as to where this or that internee was from and cheered all with a litt1e pleasant advice. He left a gift of some Yen 500 from the Pope at Rome, for any special needs. He was accompanied by Japanese officials.

Local relief was not needed in this Camp, but internees were happy for the loan of books, some 200 from the Y. M. C. A. to be circulated among the four Kobe Camps. Flowers from the Ladies' Aid of the Kobe Union Church cheered the internees at Christmas and Easter.

Local residents, foreign and native, were allowed and glad to visit internees, till March 1943, when stricter rules were enforced. Visitors were always taken to the guards' office, so guards were usually present. All conversation when possible was required to be in Japanese, although some exceptions were allowed. With the Swiss representative, English was used and the guards, that is, most of them, understood but little English.

Any who wished to see those of the internees who came from Osaka had to have a permit from the Osaka prefectural office. The permit was rather difficult to get; more than once was it refused. In some cases visitors who did not have such permits were allowed by the guards to see persons. Some guards did not pay so much attention to the conversation between visitors and internees. Sometimes the guards would even go out of the room while the internees visited but others were more careful.

VII. Welfare

[Pages 7~11 missing]

D. The British internees (except nuns) of our Camp were first brought to Kobe from Manchuria in the spring of 1942, expecting to leave on the first British evacuation boat and were housed at the Yamato Hotel, Tor Hotel, Kobe Hotel and at Gloucester House at Rokko a suburban district of Kobe. After the first evacuation of American and British, those for whom there was no room on the steamer, were brought to Eastern lodge, June, 1942.

E. As far as I know there are no American or British left in Osaka , other than those who have Japanese husbands. In Kyoto there is an aged missionary, Miss Denton, over eighty, who is not interned but lives near the Doshisha University where she taught for years.

In Kobe there are a number of British and Americans who are not interned and can go freely about the city, but not out of the city.

There is a widow, Mrs. Queenie, and daughter, Americans, and a Mr. Rupert Cox and family, also American. A Miss Lee a retired British missionary and also an Englishman by the name of Kerby Clough of about sixty years of age are not interned. Mrs. Ennenberg, Canadian 70 years of age, the widow of a Kobe business man, who is a repatriate now going to her son in Vancouver, and Mrs. Lopez who is on her way to Guatemala with her husband were not interned. I know of no resistance to internment in my part of the country (Japan).

Air Mail Bern 8665, 5 July 1944
From Department of State to PMG - 8/1/44


Charles A. Smith, Man of Confidence
Carl West, Assistant Man of Confidence

Internees at Kobe Camps No.1, 3, and 4, were transferred to a new camp (23 May 1944), Camp Futatabi, in the former school at No. 1 of 1 Ichiriyama Minatichiho Kobeku which is situated in a healthful and picturesque region at an altitude of 1,200 feet. Consul Champoud, representative of the Swiss Legation at Tokyo visited this new camp on 7 June 1944.

The main school building which has two floors houses all the internees (157) and is too crowded. Some will probably be lodged in another school building which at present is occupied. A room in the main building has been reserved for the barber.

There is a large bathroom with showers and several basins with 23 taps (hot and cold water). Water is not plentiful and toilets are still inadequate.

The kitchen and dining room are adequate for approximately 80 persons. Food is insufficient and internees hope to receive Red Cross parcels. The internees bring food from Kobe but authorities plan to transport foodstuff by truck. The Swiss Consulate at Kobe has made a shipment of soap to the internees and is thinking of shipping butter and other provisions.

The infirmary is not installed but will be placed in the second school building. Dr. Kaneko still attends the internees.

A library furnished by the YMCA is located in the dining room. Internees may be able to raise vegetables and maintain a farmyard.

One internee placed in prison for going to the city without pennission will shortly return to camp.

Authorities promise to make necessary improvements.

Futatabi CIC

U. S. NAVY NO. 455739 NEG
DATE SEP 6 1945
Photographic Laboratory



I. Americans from Guam:
(a) C. F. Gregg William Hughes

Dick Arvidson George Blackett

Mr. Huston R. Vaughan

W. Vaughan G. Wells

J. O. Thomas W. E. Durham

G. M. Conklin E. E. Penning

F. B. Oppenborn H. K. Brinkerhoff
(b) Capuchin Fathers:

Frs. Ferdinand Steppich Theophane Thome

Felix Ley Mel. McCormick

Alexander Feeley Xavier Marquette

Alvin LeFeir Fr. Marcian

Arnold Bendowski Brother Badalaments
II. Local Americans:

D. Hattev E. C. Kopp
III. British:

Fr. V. M. Pouliot (Canadian) Mr. Hickman

R. Price Mr. de Moore

S. A. Pardon R. G. Smith

G. Gabaretta Mr. De Britto

R. Down Mr. Kitson

Mr. Peacock (Australian) C. Price

H. J. Griffiths Mr. Arratoon

R. H. Blyth W. J. Toms

H. K. Ramsden F. Down

Dr. Turner, Ph.D. H. Arab

H. Mason Mr. Brown (New Zealander)

Rev. J. Stevenson
IV. Dutch:

C. V. Brand Mr. Rolandus

P. Gasille Mr. Van der Kisboom
V. Belgian:

Fr. Jos. Spae
VI. Guatamalian:

A. Lopez

Table of Civilian Camps