|31st Infantry in Pre-War Manila
The picture is of the 31st Infantry marching out of Puerta Real in the Wall City (Intramurros) of Manila, around 1938. Approximately three years after this picture was taken, the 31st would be in Bataan. On the base of the O'Donnell Cross the inscription reads, "Omnia Pro Patria" -- All for Country -- which is the motto of the 31st Infantry.
|192nd Tank Battalion, Company B - Ft. Knox, Kentucky, 1941
Credit: Jim Opolony and the Tank Battalion website
Seated L to R: 2nd Lt. Arthur V. Holland**, 2nd Lt. William Slicer, Capt. Donald Hanes**, 2nd Lt. Matthew MacDowell, 2nd Lt. Richard Danca·
1st Row L to R: Cpl. Richard Armato, Sgt. Marion Lundy*, Sgt. Robert Bronge**, Cpl. Raymond Mason**, Sgt. Hugh Mackle*, Cpl. Lawrence Jordan, Cpl. James William*, Sgt. Carl Threford*, Cpl. Walter Cigoi**, Sgt. Henry Crowe*, Sgt. Thomas Savage, Sgt. Robert Peterson, Sgt. Norman Goodman, Sgt. Harold Lane, Sgt. Warren Hildebrandt**, Cpl. John Cahill, Sgt. Stanley Laskowski*, Sgt. Albert McArthur**, Sgt. Joseph Broadazewski*, Sgt. George Smith*
2nd Row L to R: Pvt. Alexander Mueller**, Pvt. John Pimperal, Pvt. George Scruggs*, Pvt. Clifton Becker*, Pvt. Charles Peterson, Pvt. Willing*, Pvt. Hill*, Pvt. Andrew Hepburn**, Pvt. Bernard McClindon*, Pvt. Albert Cornils, Pvt. Robert J. Martin, Pvt. Ken Heinrich, Pvt. James Bird**, Pvt. Erwin Glasenap, Pvt. John Massimino, Pvt. Joseph Wisnowski**, Pvt. Edward Depa, Pfc. James Bainbridge**, Pvt. Nicholas Fryziuk,
Pvt. Daniel Boni·
3rd Row L to R: Pvt. Sam Cervone*, Pvt. Ploty,* Pvt. Ray Vanderbrouke, Pvt. Richard Graff**, Pvt. Harry Noworul, Pfc. Joseph Kwitkowski**, Pvt. Herbert Kirchoff, Pvt. Laprade Brown** (hidden by Andrew Hepburn), Pvt. Charles Heuel**, Pvt. James Griffin**, Pvt. Charles Corr**, Pvt. Michael Swartz**, Pvt. William Kerins, Pvt. Frank Byars, Pvt. McCartney,* Pvt. Steve Kodaj, Pvt. Ralph Shaffer, Pvt. Clyde Ehrhart, Pvt. Arthur Van Pelt**, Pvt. John Strompolis, Pvt. Robert Parr, Pvt. Henry Rusch
4th Row L to R: Pvt. Leonard Smith*, Pvt. Edward Plodzien, Pvt. Lawrence Sears, Pvt. Lester Tennenberg, Pvt. Louis Zelis, Pvt. Orrie Mulholland, Pvt. Frank Goldstein, Pvt. Mike Wepsiec
* Did not go to the Philippine Islands
** Killed in combat or died while Japanese POW
Illinois National Guardsmen assigned to HQ Company are not pictured.
Battalion, Company C
First Row (front) Edward E. Grogg, Silas B. LeGrow*, John L. Short**, Virgil C. Janes*, Harold R. Beggs*, Wade Chio*, Chester S. DeCant, John J. Morine,
John Miklo, Edsel E. Kirk, George H. Smith
Second Row Elmer N. Smith, George S. Carr, Andrew Migala, Raymond H. Conley, Robert S. Sorensen, Joseph M. Braddock, Harold W. Collins, Arthur V. Burholt, Carl H. Meighan, Virgil M. Gordon, John R. Andrews
Third Row Olen C. Elwell, Joseph J. Wierzchon, Henry M. Wierzba, Steve M. Eliyas, Joseph J. Hrupcho*, Joseph W. Beard, Alton M. Dodway, Kenneth E. Thompson*, Howard M. Wodrich
Fourth Row (back) Joseph Zam, John Kovach, John D. Minier*, Jacob A. Schmidt, Rollie C. Harger, James W. O’Brien, Russell D. Simon, John G. Kolesar,
Charles R. Boeshart*, Charles P. Chaffin*, John F. Reed
* Survived the Bataan Death March and 3½ years as a Prisoner of War
** Fukuoka Camp 17 POW
Many men from the 192nd Tank Battalion were on Bataan
|ADBC Plaque at Arlington Cemetery
|Bataan Death March
Bataan Death March Wounded
Credit: NARA Archives
|Survivors Parade of BDM - "The First
(Image credit Kinue Tokudome)
James Steed (our right) and Richard Gordon (our left)
Note: One problem with this photo: Though men on Corregidor did have to march to camps, they were not on the Bataan Death March as that march occurred before Corregidor surrendered.
|Bataan Death March Marker - Philippines
Death March Commemoration at White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico, 2005
(photo courtesy of Celso Aurelio)
POW survivor Evans Garcia at Bataan Memorial March at White Sands Missile Base, 2007
|Bataan Death March Memorial Plaque
Las Cruces, New Mexico
|Bataan Memorial Highway
"As part of the events commemorating the 60th Anniversary of the Bataan Death March, the New Mexico State Highway and Transportation Department dedicated U.S. Highway 70, from Las Cruces to Alamogordo, as the Bataan Memorial Highway. The dedication ceremony was held on the westbound frontage road of U.S.70, just west of Del Rey Blvd. Bataan survivors unveiled a 'Bataan Memorial Highway' sign that is now permanently placed a long the roadway. The designation was the brainchild of RT. U.S. Air Force Col. Len Sugerman of Las Cruces, who suggested it as part of the "Name That Interchange" contest, sponsored by Parsons Brinckerhoff for the Interchange at Interstate 25 and U.S. 70. State Rep. William "Ed" Boykin, R-Las Cruces, authored and sponsored legislation that was introduced into the 2001 New Mexico Legislature, where it was unanimously passed by state's elected leaders. The Highway Commission gave it’s endorsement of the legislation earlier this year."
|Bataan Memorial Park - Albuquerque, New
|Bilibid Prison, Manila, Philippines
Prison Hospital, 1945
|Boxcar Used to Transport POW's to the POW
The last remaining boxcar which carried POW's from the end
of the Death March to San Fernando was moved and dedicated in a ceremony with a Commemorative Marker - 6 April, 2008 - Capas, Philippines. See also this story.
Boxcar transfer - Boxcar ceremony - Boxcar dedication plaque
Exact car (not a replica) in which POW's were forced to travel in,
is now "home" at the Camp O'Donnell Memorial in the Philippines.
Photos Credit: Fred Baldassarre of the BBB
Wayne Petrie, front center, carrying litter
Photo Credit: Lester (Tenney) Tennenberg
Lester - “I was asked by Major Mamerow to be in charge of the little entertainment we could have, and “The GREAT ZIGFIELD” was the culmination of my effort... a musical comedy was the result. The Japanese allowed this show, and Baron Mitsui (Mitsue, Baron Mitsui, Coal Mining Company) came for the opening night.” August or September 1944
Roy Hays was in Camp 17 when the war ended. The Americans were dropping food on the camp in 50-gallon drums attached to parachutes. Roy said he did not know what made him think to do it, but he gathered one of the parachutes, cut or tore off a piece and wrote his name on it. Roy then passed it around for those around him to sign too. He thinks they signed it in pencil because he said they didn't have such things as pens. 38 men including Roy signed their names on it and added where they were from. He brought it home with him. A few years later after Roy was home and had married, his wife suggested to him that they hire a woman to embroider the names before they faded, and so they did.
(Hays with flag - Complete story)
One of the original memorials for those who died at Camp O'Donnell, Philippines.
|Camp O'Donnel Memorial
(Courtesy of the Battling Bastards of Bataan Web Site)
The picture is of the Camp O'Donnell Memorial Monument. The memorial was built by the organization known as "The Battling Bastards of Bataan" to honor those American men who died at Camp O'Donnell, while prisoners of the Japanese. The Cement Cross is a replica of the original cement cross built by the POWs.
The monument is located in the Capas National Shrine, in Capas, Tarlac, Philippines,adjacent to the memorial for the Philippine Army dead. Camp O'Donnell was the first prison camp for the men who survived the "Death March". The picture was taken by James Litton.
The "Cross" was built as a memorial to the thousands who died in that camp. It is as much a part of Bataan as the participants in that battle. The inscription on the base of the "Cross" reads "Omnia Pro Patria": All For Country. On the wall behind the "Cross" are inscribed the names of the men who died at Camp O'Donnell.
The original "Cement Cross" is now on display in the National Prisoner of War Museum, at the Andersonville National Historic Site, Andersonville, GA. It was brought to this country by Bataan survivors.
Cemetery and Mass Graves
(Photo Credit: Fred Baldassarre)
|Canadian Inventor Hellship
The Canadian Inventor was one of the "Hellships" that carried POW's to Fukuoka Camp 17. It left Manila Bay July 4, 1944, with 1,100 men aboard. A "reported" 6 deaths and 62 days later, it arrived in Moji, Japan on Sept. 1st. It was on this voyage the story is told of Dr. Hewlett (widely respected by all former POW's who recall him) who performed an emergency appendectomy with only a razor blade and no anesthetic. Dr. Hewlett was at Camp 17.
Photo courtesy of the Canada Science and Technology Museum Corporation.
For more information on this Hellship and others do not miss the book, "Death on the Hellships: Prisoners at Sea in the Pacific War" by Gregory F. Michno.
Dec. 8, 1941
Hay and Bigelow at Clark Field, 1941
Clark Field Laundry Unit 2b
Clark Field Chow Line
|Corregidor in 2000
Juganji Temple, Osaka
Far right an American soldier guards the ashes of soldiers who died in Japan. On the left side are the American ashes, on the right are Dutch and British. (Photo courtesy of Teun Heijstek.)
|Enola Gay Photos- Linda's visit 2007
From the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum
|Fort Bliss Field Camp, Texas
Just prior to leaving for the Philippines (C. Iskra)
|| Ft. Drum,
This is what Fort Drum looked like in 2000. It survived the Japanese attack in 1942 and the Allied counter-offensive in 1945.
Departure for the Philippines was Fort McDowell, Angel Island, S.F., Calif.
|Fort McKinley Drill
and Ft. Frank Artillery
Battery Way, on Fort Mills, housed eight seacoast defense mortars. Battery Koehler on Fort Frank had the same weapons and fortifications.
|Ft. Stotsenberg, Clark Field
|Fukuoka Camp 17 Sketch
(Note: As the camp grew so did the size. Fences were moved back and more bunks built.)
Credit: Former Camp 17 POW Ortwin Louwerens
|General King's Diary
A memorial to honor General Edward P. King who surrendered his forces on Bataan rather than send his men, ridden with disease and starvation, to their deaths.
|General Jonathan M. Wainwright arrives in
Yokohama, from the POW camp in Manchuria
Photo credit: Fred Baldassarre of the BBB
|Las Cruces, NM, Memorial
Gordon Petrie stands at the Las Cruces, New Mexico, Memorial
dedicated to the men of Bataan, men including Gordon's father, Wayne. J. Petrie.
|Manila American Cemetery
(Photos courtesy of Fred Baldassarre)
|Men of Bataan - January 19, 1942
(P-40 in background)
Top row, left to right:
M. Keithly, J.K. White, E.R. Aker, Holcomb, H. Huhn, J. Brown, O’Neil, L.J. Tome, L.E. Meyers, Tarvido, C.T. Hatzer, Wilkinson, H.S. Blair, John E. Dujenski, W.B. Alvis
Bottom row, left to right:
Patman, Waite, D.A. Davidson, MacCracken, Miller, Dixon, L.E.Dillon
If you know first names of any of these men, please contact me.
Photo: Courtesy of Dr. D.A. Davidson
|Mukden POW's Liberated
Soldier on crutches is father of Fred Baldassarre of the BBB
|Nichols Field Raid Article
|Officers at Baron Mitsui Party
"A party given by Baron Mitsui for Allied Officers held in Fukuoka Camp 17." (Sept. 1945)
|Oliver North at the Manila American Cemetery
Photo credit: Fred Baldassarre of the BBB
|Pasay School, Nichols Field (slave) Labor
Top photos: Groups 2 and 3
Bottom photo: These American prisoners of war were held at Pasay School while forced into labor adding a runway to Nichols Field. Top row, 2nd from left, is Joe Johnson, author of the book "Baby of Bataan." Next to him, 3rd in from left is Charles Balaza. Circled is Corporal John Perkowsk. Both were later interned at Camp 17.
|Philippine Jungle Photo ("Platteville's
(unfortunately the rest of the article was not attached)
||Pier 7 -
|POW Address Book
"diary" listing Camp 17 POW's
"When the war ended I managed to get hold of a small notebook, now getting the battered look after 60 years, and entered various addresses in same. I often wondered where some of my fellow prisoners ended up in latter life." -- Roy Hogg, Australian Army
|POW's Rescued from Fukuoka 17
Jean Marie Brunsmann (Dutch) is the former POW, directly in the center of the photo, facing the camera.
|Pre-Surrender Roll Call Bataan, Philippines
|SS President Coolidge
The Coolidge was occasionally used by the War Department on a part-voyage basis. Her first voyage on a full-time basis for the army began at San Francisco on 15 July 1941 and took her to Honolulu and Manila. After returning in late August the ship again left San Francisco in early September for Honolulu and Manila. On 1 November 1941 the SS President Coolidge once more sailed from the Golden Gate for the same destinations, and was en route home, midway between Manila and Honolulu, when the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor occurred. She reached San Francisco on Christmas Day 1941.
See also this extensive history of the SS Coolidge.
King & Tisdelle
Capt. Archille Tisdelle standing, far right. Disarmed, his canteen replaces his weapon. Major General Edward P. King sits by Tisdelle on his right, waiting to discuss surrender terms.
Official USS Bataan website
This ship evacuated POWs from Camp #17 as well as the aircraft carrier Chenango. The Chenango took POWs who were in fairly good shape and the sickest went on the hospital ship Haven.