December 2, 2011
Fireside Chat on War with Japan
Our President's chat with the nation right after Pearl Harbor:
September 24, 2011
Hadn't realized this was changed long long ago...
Who changed Toplady's
words in Rock of Ages?
The original lyric was actually "Cleanse me from its guilt and power",
"save from wrath and make me pure." was a later alteration. Your modern
hymnal is therefore actually "original".
The original words to "Rock of Ages" were as follows:
Rock of ages, cleft for me,
Let me hide myself in Thee!
Let the water and the blood,
From Thy riven side which flow'd
Be of sin the double cure,
Cleanse me from its guilt and pow'r.
Not the labor of my hands
Can fulfill Thy law’s demands;
Could my zeal no respite know,
Could my tears forever flow,
All for sin could not atone,
Thou must save, and Thou alone!
Nothing in my hand I bring,
Simply to Thy cross I cling;
Naked, come to Thee for dress,
Helpless, look to Thee for grace;
Foul, I to the fountain fly;
Wash me, Saviour, or I die!
Whilst I draw this fleeting breath,
When my eyestrings break in death;
When I soar through tracts unknown,
See Thee on Thy judgment throne,
Rock of ages, cleft for me,
Let me hide myself in Thee!
I believe that it was Thomas Cotterill who in his 1815 "Selection of
Psalms and Hymns" that replaced the original final line of the first
verse with "Save from wrath, and make me pure"
Samuel Rogal in his 2003 work "An analysis of various versions of A.M.
Toplady's Rock of Ages, cleft for me (1774-2001) (which I am sad enough
to own) suggests two reasons at page 12, namely:
a) The pronounciation of practice changed so that "-ure" ceased to
rhyme with "-our".
b) Cotterill found Toplady's calvinistic imagery unpalatable, being
more interested with the end result of salvation rather than the
process leading to it.
Interestingly the song was first published in the March 1776 edition of
the Gospel Magazine in an article that read:
A remarkable Calculation: Introduced here, for the sake of the
spiritual Improvement subjoined. Questions and Answers, relative to the
National Debt. The object and end of this " Calculation " will be
gathered from the closing questions and answers:
Q. 8. How doth the
government raise this interest yearly ?
A. By taxing those who lent the principal, and others.
Q. 9. When will the government be able to pay the principal ?
A. When there is more money in England's treasury alone, than there is
at present in all Europe.
Q. 10. And when will that be ?
This article is signed " J. F." Immediately underneath, the subject is
continued as a Spiritual Improvement of the foregoing: By another Hand.
The aim of this " Improvement " is to ascertain how many sins " each of
the human race" is guilty of "supposing a person was to break the law
(1) but once in 24 hours "; (2) twice in the same time; (3) once in
every hour; (4) once in every minute; (5) once in every second. As this
last is the climax, we will give the question and the answer.
Q. May we not
proceed abundantly further yet? Sixty seconds go to a
minute. Now, as we never, in the present life, rise to the mark of
legal sanctity, is it not fairly inferrible, that our Sins multiply
with every second of our sublunary durations ?
A. Tis too true. And in this view of the matter, our dreadfull account
stands as follows.—At ten years old, each of us is chargable with 315
millions, and 36 thousand sins.—At twenty, with 630 millions, and 720
thousand.—At thirty, with 946 millions, and 80 thousand.— At forty,
with 1261 millions, 440 thousand.—At fifty, with 1576 millions, and 800
thousand.—At sixty, with 1892 millions, and 160 thousand.—At seventy,
with 2207 millions, and 520 thousand.—At eighty with 2522 millions, 880
Q. When shall we be able to pay off this immense debt?
Q. Will not divine goodness compound for the debt, by accepting less
than we owe ?
Notwithstanding this frightful helplessness, there is hope, as the
answer, a little further on, makes clear :—
A. " Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the Law; being made a
curse for us." Gal. iii. 13.—This, This, will not only cownter-balance,
but infinitely overbalance, all the sins of the whole believing world.
Questions and Answers follow, The last answer is :
ROCK OF AGES
A. " We can only admire and bless the Father, for electing us in
Christ, and for laying on Him the iniquities of us all:—the Son, for
taking our nature and our debts upon Himself, and for that complete
righteousness and sacrifice, whereby he redeemed his mystical Israel
from all their sins:—and the co-equal Spirit, for causing us (in
conversion) to feel our need of Christ, for inspiring us with faith to
embrace him, for visiting us with his sweet consolations by shedding
abroad his love in our hearts, for sealing us to the day of Christ, and
for making us to walk in the path of his commandments.
"A living and dying Prayer for the Holiest Believer in the World"
The text for "Rock of Ages" then followed.
I would love to sing the original "When my eyestrings break in death"
lyric, this mirrored the belief at the time that in death the optic
nerves snapped. It is a shame that it was changed to "when my eyelids
close in death" just to keep medical students happy.
edited by Hippo; 03-14-2008 at 03:15 PM
August 11, 2011
Another good old book to add to your digital library, William Secker's "The Consistent
We have finally
published William Secker's
superb book in print, "The
". Many of you
have been asking for this book. This is the richest book we have ever
read on practical Christian living.
Direct download here:
May 9, 2011
Origin of the
Interesting on the influence of Charles Darwin's grandfather:
May 6, 2011
We thought this
, too, and wanted you all to read them. Shiro Nakayama
and a number of others
into Japanese quite a while ago.
glorious gospel of the blessed God,
which he entrusted to me." 1 Timothy 1:11
of the so-called evangelism of our day is a grief
to genuine Christians, for they feel that it lacks any scriptural
warrant, that it is dishonoring unto God, and that it is filling the
churches with empty professors! They are shocked that so much frothy
superficiality, fleshly excitement and worldly
allurement should be associated with the holy name of the
Lord Jesus Christ. They deplore the cheapening of the Gospel, the
beguiling of unwary souls, and the carnalizing and commercializing of
what is to them, ineffably sacred. It requires little spiritual
discernment to perceive that the evangelistic activities of Christendom
during the last century have steadily deteriorated from bad to
worse—yet few appear to realize the root from which this evil has
sprung. It will now be our endeavor to expose the same. Its aim
was wrong, and therefore its fruit faulty.
grand design of God, from which He never has and never will swerve, is
to glorify Himself—to make manifest before His creatures what an
infinitely glorious Being He is. That is the great aim and end He
has—in all that He does and says. For that, He allowed sin to enter the
world. For that, He willed His beloved Son to become incarnate, render
perfect obedience to the divine law, suffer and die. For that, He is
now taking out of the world a people for Himself, a people which shall
eternally show forth His praises. For that, everything is ordered by
His providential dealings. Unto that, everything on earth is now being
directed, and shall actually affect the same. Nothing other than that,
is what regulates God in all His actings: "For from Him
and through Him and to Him are all things. To Him
be the glory forever! Amen." (Romans 11:36).
grand and basic truth is written right across the Scriptures with the
plainness of a sunbeam, and he who sees it not is blind. All things are
appointed by God—for His glory. His saving of sinners is not an end in
itself, for God would have been no loser had every one of them
eternally perished. No, His saving of sinners is but a means unto an
end—"to the praise of the glory of His grace!" (Eph. 1:6).
from that fundamental fact, it necessarily follows that we should make
the same our aim and end: that God may be magnified by us—"Whatever you
do, do all to the glory of God" (1 Cor. 10:31). In like manner, it also
follows that such must be the preacher's aim, and that everything must
be subordinated thereto, for everything else is of secondary importance
and value. But, is it so?
the evangelist fails to make the glory of God his paramount and
constant aim, he is certain to go wrong, and all his efforts will be
more or less a beating of the air. When he makes an end of anything
less than that, he is sure to fall into error, for he no longer gives
God His proper place. Once we fix on ends of our
own, we are ready to adopt means of our own. It
was at this very point, that evangelism failed two or three generations
ago, and from that point it has farther and farther departed.
Evangelism made "the winning of souls" its goal, its summum bonum, and
everything else was made to serve and pay tribute to the same. Though
the glory of God was not actually denied, yet it was lost sight of,
crowded out, and made secondary. Further, let it be remembered that God
is honored in exact proportion as the preacher cleaves to His Word, and
faithfully proclaims "all His counsel," and not merely those portions
which appeal to him.
say nothing here about those cheap-jack evangelists who aim no higher
than rushing people into making a formal profession of faith, in order
that the membership of the churches may be swelled. Take those who are
inspired by a genuine compassion and deep concern for the perishing,
who earnestly long and zealously endeavor to deliver souls from the
wrath to come—yet unless they be much on their guard, they too will
inevitably err. Unless they steadily view conversion in the way God
does—as the way in which He is to he glorified—they will quickly begin
to compromise in the means they employ. The feverish urge of modern
evangelism is not how to promote the glory of the triune Jehovah—but
how to multiply conversions. The whole current of evangelical activity
during the past fifty years has taken that direction. Losing sight of
God's end, the churches have devised means of their own!
on attaining a certain desired object, the energy of the flesh has been
given free reign, and supposing that the object was right, evangelists
have concluded that nothing could be wrong which contributed unto the
securing of that end; and since their efforts appear to be eminently
successful, only too many churches silently acquiesed, telling
themselves "the end justifies the means." Instead of examining the
plans proposed and the methods adopted by the light of Scripture, they
were tacitly accepted on the ground of expediency. The evangelist was
esteemed not for the soundness of his message—but by the visible
"results" he secured. He was valued, not according to how his preaching
honored God—but by how many souls were supposedly converted under it.
a man makes the conversion of sinners his prime
design and all-consuming end, he is exceedingly apt to adopt a wrong
course. Instead of striving to preach the Truth in all its purity—he
will tone it down so as to make it more palatable to
the unregenerate. Impelled by a single force, moving in one fixed
direction, his object is to make conversion easy, and therefore
favorite passages (like John 3:16) are dwelt upon incessantly, while
others are ignored or pared away. It inevitably reacts upon his own
theology, and various verses in the Word are shunned, if not
repudiated. What place will he give in his thought to such declarations
as: "Can the Ethiopian change his skin—or the leopard his spots?" (Jer.
13:23); "No man can come unto Me, except the Father who has sent Me
draws him" (John 6:44); "You have not chosen Me—but I have chosen you"
will be sorely tempted to modify the truth of God's sovereign election,
of Christ's particular redemption, of the imperative necessity for the
supernatural operations of the Holy Spirit.
twentieth-century evangelism, there has been a woeful ignoring of the
solemn truth of the total depravity of man. There has been a complete
underrating of the desperate case and condition of the sinner. Very few
indeed have faced the unpalatable fact—that every man is thoroughly
corrupt by nature, that he is completely unaware of his own
wretchedness, blind and helpless, dead in trespasses and sins! Because
such is his case, because his heart is filled with enmity against God,
it follows that no man can be saved without the special and
supernatural intervention of God. According to our view here, so will
it be elsewhere. To qualify and modify the truth of man's total
depravity will inevitably lead to the diluting of collateral truths.
The teaching of Holy Writ on this point is unmistakable: man's plight
is such that his salvation is impossible, unless God puts forth His
mighty power. No stirring of the emotions by anecdotes, no regaling of
the senses by music, no oratory of the preacher, no persuasive
appeals—are of the slightest avail.
connection with the old creation, God did all
without any assistants. But in the far more stupendous work of the new
creation, it is intimated by the Arminian
evangelism of our day that He needs the sinner's cooperation. Really,
it comes to this—God is represented as helping man to save himself: the
sinner must begin the work by becoming willing, and then God will
complete the business. Whereas, none but the Spirit can make him
willing in the day of His power (Psalm 110:3). He alone can produce
godly sorrow for sin, and saving faith in the Gospel. He alone can make
us not love ourselves first and foremost, and bring us into subjection
to the Lordship of Christ. Instead of seeking the aid of outside
evangelists, let the churches get on their faces before God, confess
their sins, seek His glory, and cry for His miracle-working operations.
"Not by might [of the preacher], nor by power [of the sinner's
will]—but by my Spirit, says the Lord."
is generally recognized that spirituality is at a low ebb in
Christendom, and not a few perceive that sound doctrine is rapidly on
the wane—yet many of the Lord's people take comfort from supposing that
the Gospel is still being widely preached and that large numbers are
being saved thereby. Alas, their optimistic supposition is ill-founded
and sandily grounded. If the "message" now being delivered in Mission
Halls be examined, if the "tracts" which are being scattered among the
unchurched masses be scrutinized, if the "open air" speakers be
carefully listened to, if the "sermons" or "addresses" of a
"soul-winning campaign" be analyzed; in short, if "modern evangelism"
is weighed in the balances of Holy Writ, it will be found lacking,
lacking that which is vital to genuine conversion, lacking what is
essential if sinners are to be shown their need of a Savior, lacking
that which will produce the transformed lives of new creatures in
is in no captious spirit that we write, seeking to make a man an
offender for a word. It is not that we are looking for perfection, and
complain because we cannot find it; nor that we criticize others
because they are not doing things as we think they should be done. No,
it is a matter far more serious than that, the "evangelism" of the day
is not only superficial to the last degree—but it is radically
defective. It is utterly lacking a foundation on which to base an
appeal for sinners to come to Christ. There is not only a lamentable
lack of proportion (the mercy of God being made far more prominent than
His holiness, His love than His wrath)—but there is a fatal omission of
that which God has given for the purpose of imparting a knowledge of
sin. There is not only a reprehensible introducing of "bright singing,"
humorous witticisms and entertaining anecdotes—but there is a studied
omission of dark background upon which alone the Gospel can effectively
serious indeed as is the above indictment, it is only half of it—the
negative side, that which is lacking. Worse still is that which is
being retailed by the cheap-jack evangelists of the day. The positive
content of their message is nothing but a throwing of dust in the eyes
of the sinner. His soul is put to sleep by the devil's opiate,
ministered in a most unsuspecting form. Those who really receive the
"message" which is now being given out from most of the "orthodox"
pulpits and platforms today, are being fatally deceived. It is a way
which seems right unto a man—but unless God sovereignly intervenes by a
miracle of grace, all who follow it will surely find that the ends
thereof are the ways of death. Tens of thousands who confidently
imagine that they are bound for heaven—will get a terrible
disillusionment, when they awake in hell!
is the Gospel? Is the Gospel a message of glad tidings from
heaven to make God-defying rebels at ease in their wickedness? Is it
given for the purpose of assuring the pleasure-crazy young people that,
providing they only "believe," there is nothing for them to fear in the
future? One would certainly think so from the way in which the Gospel
is presented—or rather perverted, by most of the 'evangelists'! And the
more so when we look at the lives of their 'converts'! Surely those
with any degree of spiritual discernment, must perceive that to assure
such 'converts' that God loves them and His Son died for them, and that
a full pardon for all their sins (past, present and future) can be
obtained by simply 'accepting Christ as their personal Savior'—is but a
casting of pearls before swine!
gospel is not a thing apart. It is not something independent of the
prior revelation of God's Law. It is not an announcement that God has
relaxed His justice or lowered His standard of holiness. So far from
that, when Scripturally expounded, the Gospel presents the clearest
demonstration and the climacteric proof of the inexorableness of God's
justice, and of His infinite abhorrence of sin! But for Scripturally
expounding the Gospel, beardless youths and business men who devote
their spare time to "evangelistic effort" are quite unqualified. Alas,
that the pride of the flesh allows so many incompetent ones to rush in
where those much wiser fear to tread. It is this multiplying of novices
that is largely responsible for the woeful situation now confronting
us, and because the "churches" and "assemblies" are so largely filled
with their "converts" explains why they are so unspiritual and worldly.
my reader, the Gospel is very, very far from making light of sin. The
Gospel shows us how unsparingly God deals with sin. It reveals to us
the terrible sword of His justice smiting His beloved Son in order that
atonement might be made for the transgressions of His people. So far
from the Gospel setting aside the law, it exhibits the Savior enduring
the curse of it. Calvary supplied the most solemn and awe-inspiring
display of God's hatred of sin that time or eternity will ever furnish!
And do you imagine that the Gospel is magnified or God glorified—by
going to worldlings and telling them that they "may be saved at this
moment by simply accepting Christ as their personal Savior" while they
are wedded to their idols and their hearts are still in love with sin?
If I do so, I tell them a lie, pervert the Gospel, insult Christ, and
turn the grace of God into a license for sin.
doubt some readers are ready to object to our "harsh" and "sarcastic"
statements above by asking: "When the question was put, 'What must I do
to be saved?' (Acts 16:31), did not an inspired apostle expressly say,
'Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ—and you shall be saved?'" Can we err,
then, if we tell sinners the same thing today? Have we not divine
warrant for so doing? True, those words are found in Holy Writ, and
because they are, many superficial and untrained people conclude that
they are justified in repeating them to all and sundry. But let it be
pointed out, that Acts 16:31 was not addressed to a promiscuous
multitude—but to a particular individual, which at once intimates that
it is not a message to be indiscriminately sounded forth—but rather, a
special word to those whose characters correspond to the one to whom it
was first spoken.
of Scripture must not be wrenched from their setting—but weighed,
interpreted, and applied in accord with their context; and that calls
for prayerful consideration, careful meditation, and prolonged study;
and it is failure at this point which accounts for these shoddy and
worthless "messages" of this rush-ahead age. Look at the context of
Acts 16:31, and what do we find? What was the occasion,
and to whom was it that the apostle and his
companion said, "Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ" A sevenfold answer
is there furnished, which supplies a striking and complete delineation
of the character of those to whom we are warranted in giving this truly
evangelistic word. As we briefly name these seven details, let the
reader carefully ponder them.
the man to whom these words were spoken had just witnessed the
miracle-working power of God. "Suddenly, there was a great earthquake,
and the prison was shaken to its foundations. All the doors flew open,
and the chains of every prisoner fell off!" (Acts 16:26).
in consequence thereof the man was deeply stirred, even to the point of
self-despair: "He drew out his sword and would have killed himself,
supposing that the prisoners had been fled" (v.27).
he felt the need of illumination: "Then he called for a light" (v.29).
his self-complaceny was utterly shattered, for he "came trembling"
he took his proper place before God—in the dust —for "he fell down
before Paul and Silas" (v. 29).
he showed respect and consideration for God's servants, for he "brought
them out" (v. 30).
then, with a deep concern for his soul, he asked, "What must I do to be
then, is something definite for our guidance, if we are willing to be
guided. It was no giddy, careless, unconcerned person who was exhorted
to "simply" believe; but instead, one who gave clear evidence that a
mighty work of God had already been wrought within him. He was an
awakened soul (v.27). In his case there was no need to press upon him
his lost condition, for he obviously felt it; nor were the apostles
required to urge upon him the duty of repentance, for his entire
demeanor betokened his contrition. But to apply the words spoken to
him—unto those who are totally blind to their depraved state and
completely dead toward God—would be more foolish than placing a bottle
of smelling salts to the nose of one just dragged dead from the water.
Let the critic of this article read through Acts and see if he can find
a single instance of the apostles addressing a promiscuous audience, or
a company of idolatrous heathen, and "simply telling them" to believe
as the world was not ready for the New Testament, before it received
the Old; just as the Jews were not prepared for the ministry of Christ
until John the Baptist had gone before Him with his clamant call to
repentance—so the unsaved are in no condition today for the Gospel,
until the law is applied to their hearts, for "by the law is the
knowledge of sin" (Romans 3:20). It is a waste of time to sow seed on
ground which has never been ploughed or broken up! To present the
vicarious sacrifice of Christ to those whose dominant passion is to
take their fill of sin—is to give that which is holy unto the dogs!
What the unconverted need to hear about, is the character of Him with
whom they have to do, His claims upon them, His righteous demands, and
the infinite enormity of disregarding Him and going their own way.
NATURE of Christ's salvation,
is woefully misrepresented by the
present-day "evangelist." He announces a Savior from hell—rather than a
Savior from sin! And that is why so many are fatally deceived, for
there are multitudes who wish to escape the Lake of fire—who have no
desire to be delivered from their carnality and worldliness! The very
first thing said of Him in the New Testament is—"You shall call His
name Jesus, for He shall save His people...[not "from the wrath to
come," but] from their sins" (Matthew 1:21). Christ is a Savior for
those realizing something of the exceeding sinfulness of sin, who feel
the awful burden of it on their conscience, who loathe themselves for
it, and who long to be freed from its terrible dominion. And He is a
Savior for no others. Were He to "save from hell" those still in love
with sin, He would be a minister of sin, condoning their wickedness and
siding with them against God. What an unspeakably horrible and
blasphemous thing with which to charge the Holy One!
Should the reader
exclaim, "I was not conscious of the heinousness of sin nor bowed down
with a sense of my guilt when Christ saved me." Then we unhesitating
reply—Either you have never been saved at all—or you were not saved as
early as you supposed. True, as the Christian grows in grace, he has a
clearer realization of what sin is—rebellion against God—and a deeper
hatred of and sorrow for it; but to think that one may be saved by
Christ whose conscience has never been smitten by the Spirit, and whose
heart has not been made contrite before God, is to imagine something
which has no existence in the realm of fact. "It is not the healthy who
need a doctor—but the sick" (Matthew 9:12). The only ones who really
seek relief from the great Physician, are those who are sick of sin—who
long to be delivered from its God-dishonoring works, and its
Inasmuch then, as
Christ's salvation is a salvation from sin—from the love of it, from
its dominion, from its guilt and penalty—then it necessarily follows,
that the first great task and the chief work of the evangelist, is to
preach upon SIN: to define what sin (as distinct from crime)
really is, to show wherein its infinite enormity consists, to trace out
its manifold workings in the heart, to indicate that nothing less than
eternal punishment is its desert. Ah, and preaching upon sin—not merely
uttering a few platitudes concerning it—but devoting sermon after
sermon to explaining what sin is in the sight of God—will not make him
popular nor draw the crowds, will it? No, it will not, and knowing
this, those who love the praise of men more than the approbation of
God, and who value their salary above immortal souls, trim their sales
accordingly. "But such preaching will drive the people away!" We
answer, far better drive the people away by faithful preaching, than to
the Holy Spirit away by unfaithfully pandering to the flesh!
TERMS of Christ's salvation
stated by the present-day evangelist. With very rare exceptions, he
tells his hearers that salvation is by grace and is received as a free
gift, that Christ has done everything for the sinner, and that nothing
remains but for him to "believe," to trust in the infinite merits of
His blood. And so widely does this conception now prevail in "orthodox"
circles, so frequently has it been dinned in their ears, so deeply has
it taken root in their minds—that for one to now challenge it and
denounce it as being so inadequate and one-sided as to be deceptive and
erroneous, is for him to instantly court the stigma of being a heretic,
and to be charged with dishonoring the finished work of Christ by
inculcating salvation by works! Yet, notwithstanding, the writer is
quite prepared to run that risk.
is by grace, by grace alone—for a fallen creature cannot possibly do
anything to merit God's approval or earn His favor. Nevertheless,
divine grace is not exercised at the expense of holiness,
for it never compromises with sin. It is also true that salvation is a
free gift—but an empty hand must receive it, and
not a hand which still tightly grasps the world! But it is not true
that "Christ has done everything for the sinner." He did not fill His
belly with the husks which the swine eat and find them unable to
satisfy. He has not turned His back on the far country, arisen, gone to
the Father, and acknowledged his sins—those are acts which the sinner
himself must perform. True, he will not be saved for the performance of
them, any more than the prodigal could receive the Father's kiss and
ring, while he remained at a guilty distance from him!
more than "believing" is necessary to salvation. A heart that is
steeled in rebellion against God cannot savingly believe—it must first
be broken. It is written: "Unless you repent—you shall all likewise
perish" (Luke 13:3). Repentance is just as essential as faith; yes, the
latter cannot be without the former: "You... repented not afterward,
that you might believe" (Matthew 21:32). The order is clearly enough
laid down by Christ: "Repent—and believe the
gospel" (Mark 1:15). Repentance is a heart-repudiation of sin.
Repentance is a heart-determination to forsake sin. And where there is
true repentance, grace is free to act, for the requirements of holiness
are conserved, when sin is renounced. Thus, it is the duty of the
evangelist to cry, "Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous
man his thoughts, and let him return unto the Lord, and he will have
mercy on him" (Isaiah 55:7). His task is to call on his hearers to lay
down the weapons of their warfare against God, and then to sue for
mercy through Christ.
of WAY salvation is falsely
most instances the modern "evangelist" assures his congregation that
all any sinner has to do in order to escape hell and make sure of
heaven—is to "receive Christ as his personal Savior." But such teaching
is utterly misleading. No one can receive Christ as his Savior—while
he rejects Him as Lord! It is true, the preacher
adds, that the one who accepts Christ should also
surrender to Him as Lord—but he at once spoils it by asserting that
though the convert fails to do so, nevertheless heaven is sure to him.
That is one of the devil's lies! Only those who are spiritually blind,
would declare that Christ will save any who despise His authority and
refuse His yoke! Why, my reader—that would not be grace—but a
disgrace—charging Christ with placing a premium on lawlessness!
is in His office of LORD, that Christ maintains God's honor, subserves
His government, enforces His Law. If the reader will turn to those
passages (Luke 1:46-47; Acts 5:31; 2 Peter 1:11; 2:20; 3:1) where the
two titles occur, he will find that the order is
always "Lord and Savior," and not "Savior and Lord." Therefore, those
who have not bowed to Christ's scepter and enthroned Him in their
hearts and lives, and yet imagine they are trusting in Him as their
Savior—are deceived! Unless God disillusions them—they will go down to
the everlasting burnings with a lie in their right hand! (Isaiah
44:20). Christ is "the Author of eternal salvation, unto all those who
obey him" (Heb. 5:9). But the attitude of those who submit not to His Lordship
is, "We will not have this Man to rule over
us!" (Luke 19:14). Pause then, my reader and honestly face the
question: Am I subject to His will? Am I sincerely endeavoring to keep
alas, God's way of salvation is almost entirely
unknown today, the nature of Christ's salvation is
almost universally misunderstood, and the terms of
His salvation misrepresented on every hand. The "Gospel" which is now
being proclaimed is, in nine cases out of every ten—but a perversion of
the Truth! Tens of thousands, assured they are bound for heaven—are now
hastening to hell as fast as time can take them!
are far, far worse in Christendom than even the "pessimist" and the
"alarmist" suppose. We are not a prophet, nor shall we indulge in any
speculation of what the Biblical prophecy forecasts. Wiser men than the
writer have often made fools of themselves by so doing. We are frank to
say that we know not what God is about to do. Religious conditions were
much worse, even in England, one hundred and fifty years ago. But this
we greatly fear: Unless God is pleased to grant a real revival, it will
not be long before "the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross
darkness the people" (Isaiah 60:2), for the light of the true Gospel is
rapidly disappearing. Modern "evangelism" constitutes, in our judgment,
the most solemn of all the "signs of the times."
must the people of God do, in view of the existing situation? Eph. 5:11
supplies the divine answer: "Have no fellowship with the unfruitful
works of darkness—but rather reprove them;" and everything opposed to
the light of the Word is "darkness." It is the bounden duty of every
Christian, to have no dealings with the "evangelistic" monstrosity of
the day, to withhold all moral and financial support of the same, to
attend none of their meetings, to circulate none of their tracts. Those
preachers who tell sinners that they may be saved without forsaking
their idols, without repenting, without surrendering to the Lordship of
Christ—are as erroneous and dangerous as others who insist that
salvation is by works, and that heaven must be earned by our own
is not an initiator—but an imitator.
God has an only begotten Son—the Lord Jesus; so has Satan—the son of
Perdition" (2 Thess 2:3). There is a Holy Trinity; and there is
likewise a Trinity of Evil (Rev 20:10). Do we read of the "children of
God;" so also we read of "the children of the wicked one" (Matt 13:38).
Does God work in His children, both to will and to do of His good
pleasure; then we are told that Satan is "the spirit that now works in
the children of disobedience" (Eph 2:2). Is there a "mystery of
godliness" (1 Tim 3:16); so also is there a "mystery of iniquity" (2
Thess 2:7). Are we told that God by His angels "seals" His servants in
their foreheads (Rev 7:3); so also we learn that Satan by his agents
sets a mark in the foreheads of his devotees (Rev 13:16). Are we told
that "the Spirit searches all things, yes, the deep things of God" (1
Cor 2:10); then Satan also provides his "deep things" (Rev 2:24). Did
Christ perform miracles; so also can Satan (2 Thess 2:9). Is Christ
seated upon a throne; so is Satan (Rev 2:13). Has Christ a Church; then
Satan has his "synagogue" (Rev 2:9). Is Christ the Light of the world;
then so is Satan himself "transformed into an angel of light" (2 Cor
11:14). Did Christ appoint "apostles;" then Satan has his apostles, too
(2 Cor 11:13). And this leads us to consider: "The Gospel of
is the arch-counterfeiter. The Devil is now busy at
work in the same field in which the Lord sowed the good seed. He is
seeking to prevent the growth of the wheat by another plant, the tares,
which closely resemble the wheat in appearance. In a word, by a process
of imitation he is aiming to neutralize the Work
of Christ. Therefore, as Christ has a Gospel, Satan has a gospel too;
the latter being a counterfeit of the former. So closely does the gospel
of Satan resemble that which it parodies, that multitudes
of the unsaved are deceived by it.
is to this gospel of Satan the apostle refers when
he says to the Galatians, "I am astonished that you are so quickly
deserting the one who called you by the grace of Christ, and are
turning to a different gospel—which is really no gospel at all.
Evidently some people are throwing you into confusion and are trying to
pervert the gospel of Christ. " (Gal 1:6,7). This false gospel was
being heralded even in the days of the apostle, and a most awful curse
was called down upon those who preached it. The apostle continues, "But
even if we or an angel from heaven should preach a gospel other than
the one we preached to you, let him be eternally condemned!" By the
help of God we shall now endeavor to expound—or rather, expose
this false gospel.
gospel of Satan is not a system of
revolutionary principles, nor even a program of anarchy. It does not
promote strife and war—but aims at peace and unity. It seeks not to set
the mother against her daughter nor the father against his son—but
fosters the fraternal spirit whereby the human race is regarded as one
great "brotherhood." It does not seek to drag down the natural man—but
to improve and uplift him. It advocates education and cultivation, and
appeals to the "best that is within us." It aims to make this world
such a comfortable and congenial habitat, that Christ's absence from it
will not be felt and God will not be needed. It endeavors to occupy man
so much with this world—that he has no time or inclination to think of
the world to come. It propagates the principles of self-sacrifice,
charity and benevolence, and teaches us to live for the good of others,
and to be kind to all. It appeals strongly to the carnal mind and is
popular with the masses, because it ignores the solemn facts that by
nature man is a fallen creature, alienated from the life of God, and
dead in trespasses and sins, and that his only hope lies in being born
contradistinction to the Gospel of Christ, the gospel of Satan teaches
salvation by works. It inculcates justification before God on the
ground of human merits. Its sacramental phrase is "Be good and do
good"; but it fails to recognize that in the flesh there dwells no good
thing. It announces salvation character, which reverses the order of
God's Word—character by, as the fruit of, salvation. Its various
ramifications and organizations are manifold. Temperance, Reform
Movements, "Christian Socialist Leagues," Ethical Culture Societies,
"Peace Congresses" are all employed (perhaps unconsciously) in
proclaiming this gospel of Satan—salvation by works. The pledge-card is
substituted for Christ; social purity for individual regeneration, and
politics and philosophy, for doctrine and godliness. The cultivation of
the old man is considered more practical than the creation of a new man
in Christ Jesus; while universal peace is looked for apart from the
interposition and return of the Prince of Peace.
apostles of Satan are not
saloon-keepers and white-slave traffickers—but are for the most part
ordained ministers. Thousands of those who occupy our modern pulpits
are no longer engaged in presenting the fundamentals of the Christian
Faith—but have turned aside from the Truth and have given heed unto
fables. Instead of magnifying the enormity of sin and setting forth its
eternal consequences, they minimize it by declaring that sin is merely
ignorance or the absence of good. Instead of warning their hearers to
"flee from the wrath to come" they make God a liar by declaring that He
is too loving and merciful to send any of His own creatures to eternal
torment. Instead of declaring that "without shedding of blood is no
remission of sin," they merely hold up Christ as the great Exemplar and
exhort their hearers to "follow in His steps." Of them it must be said,
"For they being ignorant of God's righteousness and going about to
establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto
the righteousness of God" (Rom 10:3).
message may sound very plausible and their aim appear very
praiseworthy—yet we read of them, "For such men are false apostles,
deceitful workmen, masquerading as apostles of Christ. And no wonder,
for Satan himself masquerades as an angel of light. It is not
surprising, then, if his servants masquerade as servants of
righteousness. Their end will be what their actions deserve." (2
addition to the fact that today hundreds of churches are without a
leader who faithfully declares the whole counsel of God and presents
His way of salvation, we also have to face the additional fact that the
majority of people in these churches are very unlikely to learn the
Truth themselves. The family altar, where a portion of God's Word was
accustomed to be read daily is now, even in the homes of nominal
Christians, largely a thing of the past. The Bible is not expounded in
the pulpit—and it is not read in the pew. The demands of this rushing
age are so numerous, that multitudes have little time and still less
inclination to make preparation for the meeting with God. Hence the
majority who are too indolent to search for themselves, are left at the
mercy of those whom they pay to search for them; rather than studying
the oracles of God.
Proverbs 14:12 we read, "There is a way that seems right to a man, but
in the end it leads to death." This "way" which ends in "death" is the
Devil's Delusion—the gospel of Satan—a way of salvation by human
attainment. It is a way which "seems right," that is to say, it is
presented in such a plausible way that it appeals to the natural man:
it is set forth in such a subtle and attractive manner, that it
commends itself to the intelligence of its hearers. By virtue of the
fact that it appropriates to itself religious terminology, sometimes
appeals to the Bible for its support (whenever this suits its purpose),
holds up before men lofty ideals, and is proclaimed by those who have
graduated from our theological institutions, countless multitudes are
decoyed and deceived by it.
success of an illegitimate coiner depends largely
upon how closely the counterfeit resembles the genuine article. Heresy
is not so much the total denial of the truth—as a
perversion of it. That is why half a lie is
is always more dangerous than a complete repudiation. Hence when the
Father of Lies enters the pulpit—it is not his custom to flatly deny
the fundamental truths of Christianity, rather does he tacitly
acknowledge them, and then proceed to give an erroneous interpretation
and a false application.
example: he would not be so foolish as to boldly announce his disbelief
in a personal God; he takes His existence for granted and then gives a false
description of His character. He announces that God is the
spiritual Father of all men, when the Scriptures plainly tell us that
we are "the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus" (Gal 3:26), and
that "as many as received him, to them He gave power to become the sons
of God" (John 1:12). Further, he declares that God is far too merciful
to ever send any member of the human race to Hell, when God Himself has
said, "Whoever was not found written in the book of life—was cast into
the Lake of Fire!" (Rev 20:15). Again; Satan would not be so foolish as
to ignore the central figure of human history—the Lord Jesus Christ; on
the contrary, his gospel acknowledges Him to be the best man that ever
lived. Attention is drawn to His deeds of compassion and works of
mercy, the beauty of His character and the sublimity of His teaching.
His life is eulogized—but His vicarious death
is ignored, the all-important atoning work of
the cross is never mentioned, while His triumphant and bodily
resurrection from the grave is regarded as one of the credulities of a
superstitious age. It is a bloodless gospel, and presents a crossless
Christ, who is received not as God manifest in the flesh—but merely as
the Ideal Man.
2 Corinthians 4:3 we have a scripture which sheds much light upon our
present theme. There we are told, "If our gospel is veiled, it is
veiled to those who are perishing. The god of this age has blinded the
minds of unbelievers, so that they cannot see the light of the gospel
of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God." He blinds the minds
of unbelievers through hiding the light of the Gospel of Christ, and he
does this by substituting his own gospel. Appropriately he designated
"The great dragon was hurled down—that ancient serpent called the
devil, or Satan, who leads the whole world astray" (Rev 12:9). In
merely appealing to "the best that is within man," and in simply
exhorting him to "lead a nobler life" there is afforded a general
platform upon which those of every shade of opinion can unite and
proclaim this common message.
we quote Proverbs 14:12—"There is a way that seems right to a man, but
in the end it leads to death." It as been said with considerable truth,
that the way to Hell is paved with good intentions.
There will be many in the Lake of Fire who lived with good intentions,
honest resolutions and exalted ideals—those who were just in their
dealings, fair in their transactions and charitable in all their ways;
men who prided themselves in their integrity—but who sought to justify
themselves before God by their own righteousness; men who were moral
and merciful—but who never saw themselves as guilty, lost,
hell-deserving sinners needing a Savior. Such is the way which "seems
right." Such is the way that commends itself to the carnal mind and
recommends itself to multitudes of deluded ones today. The Devil's
Delusion is that we can be saved by our own works, and justified by our
own deeds; whereas, God tells us in His Word—"By grace are you saved
through faith...not of works lest any man should boast." And again,
"Not by works of righteousness which we have done—but according to His
mercy He saved us."
few years ago the writer became acquainted With one who was a lay
preacher and an enthusiastic "Christian worker." For over seven years
this friend had been engaged in public preaching and religious
activities—but from certain expressions and phrases he used, the writer
doubted whether is friend was a "born again" man. When we began to
question him, it was found that he was very imperfectly acquainted with
the Scriptures, and had only the vaguest conception of Christ's Work
for sinners. For a time we sought to present the way of salvation in a
simple and impersonal manner and to encourage our friend to study the
Word for himself, in the hope that if he were still unsaved, that God
would be pleased to reveal the Savior he needed.
night to our joy, the one who had been preaching the Gospel (?) for
several years, confessed that he had found Christ only the previous
night. He acknowledged (to use his own words) that he had been
presenting "the Christ ideal" but not the Christ of the Cross. The
writer believes there are thousands like this preacher who, perhaps,
have been brought up in Sunday School, taught about the birth, life,
and teachings of Jesus Christ, who believe in the historicity of His
person, who spasmodically endeavor to practice His precepts—and who
think that that is all that is necessary for their salvation.
this class when they reach manhood—go out into the world, encounter the
attacks of atheists and infidels and are told that such a person as
Jesus of Nazareth never lived. But the impressions of early days cannot
be easily erased, and they remain steadfast in their declaration that
they "believe in Jesus Christ." Yet, when their faith is examined, only
too often it is found that though they believe many things about
Jesus Christ—that they do not really believe in him.
They believe with the head that such a person lived (and, because they
believe this, they imagine that therefore they are saved)—but they have
never thrown down the weapons of their warfare against Him, yielded
themselves to Him, nor truly believed with their heart in Him.
bare acceptance of an orthodox doctrine about the person of Christ,
without the heart being won by Him and the life devoted to Him—is
another phase of that way "which seems right unto a man" but the end
thereof are "the ways of death." A mere intellectual assent to the
reality of Christ's person, and which goes no further, is another phase
of the way that seems right unto a man" but of which the end thereof
"are the ways of death," or, in other words, is another aspect of the
gospel of Satan.
now, where do you stand? Are you in the way which "seems right," but
which ends in death? Or, are you in the Narrow Way which leads unto
life? Have you truly forsaken the Broad Road which leads to death? Has
the love of Christ created in your heart a hatred and horror of all
that is displeasing to Him? Are you desirous that he should "reign
over" you? (Luke 19:14). Are you relying wholly on His righteousness
and blood for your acceptance with God?
who are trusting to an outward form of godliness, such as baptism or
"confirmation!" those who are religious, because it is considered a
mark of respectability; those who attend some Church or Chapel because
it is the fashion to do so; and, those who unite with some Denomination
because they suppose that such a step will enable them to become
Christians—are in the way which "ends in death"— spiritual and eternal
death. However pure our motives, however noble our intentions, however
well-meaning our purposes, however sincere our endeavors, God will not
acknowledge us as His sons, until we accept His Son.
yet more specious form of Satan's gospel—is to move preachers to
present the atoning sacrifice of Christ, and then tell their hearers
that all God requires from them is to "believe" in His Son. Thereby
thousands of impenitent souls are deluded into
thinking they have been saved. But Christ said, "Except you repent, you
shall all likewise perish" (Luke 13:3). To "repent" is to hate sin, to
sorrow over it, to turn from it. It is the result of the Spirit's
making the heart contrite before God. None except a broken heart can
savingly believe on the Lord Jesus Christ.
thousands are deceived into supposing that they have "accepted Christ"
as their "personal Savior," who have not first received Him as their Lord.
The Son of God did not come here to save His people in their
sin—but "from their sins" (Matt 1:21). To be saved from
sins—is to be saved from ignoring and
despising the authority of God; it is to abandon the course of
self-will and self-pleasing; it is to "forsake our way (Isa 55:7). It
is to surrender to God's authority, to yield to His dominion, to give
ourselves over to be ruled by Him. The one has never taken Christ's
"yoke" upon him, who is not truly and diligently seeking to please Him
in all the details of life, and yet supposes that he is resting on the
"Finished Work of Christ" is deluded by the Devil!
the seventh chapter of Matthew, there are two Scriptures which give us
approximate results of Christ's Gospel and Satan's counterfeit. First,
in verses 13-14, "Enter through the narrow gate. For wide is the gate
and broad is the road that leads to destruction, and many enter through
it. But small is the gate and narrow the road that leads to life, and
only a few find it." Second; in verses 22-23, "Many will say to me on
that day, 'Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your name, and in your
name drive out demons and perform many miracles?' Then I will tell them
plainly, 'I never knew you. Away from me, you evildoers!"
my reader, it is possible to work in the name of
Christ, and even to preach in his name, and though the world knows us,
and the Church knows us—yet to be unknown to the Lord! How necessary is
it then—to find out where we really are; to examine ourselves and see
whether we are in the faith; to measure ourselves by the Word of God
and see if we are being deceived by our subtle Enemy; to find out
whether we are building our house upon the sand—or
whether it is erected on the Rock, who is Jesus
Christ. May the Holy Spirit search our hearts, break our wills, slay
our enmity against God, work in us a deep and true repentance, and
direct our gaze to the Lamb of God—which takes away the sin of the
April 9, 2011
Published a century before Spurgeon's Morning & Evening:
A spiritual treasury
for the children of God by William
April 2, 2011
I've been reading a little about Johann
a German rationalist who got things rolling back in the 18th century
with his "neology," esp. systematic textual criticism, having been
influenced by a Roman Catholic priest of the 17th century as well as
Dutch Arminians. Basically his teaching caused people to doubt all
orthodoxy and establish a personal basis for judging the Scriptures, so
that religion was possible even without a definite set of doctrines. In
short, it was "lawless subjectivism." Sounds like nothing new under the
March 15, 2011
Earthquakes in the
1800's in Japan
Some old history to look at...
Besides the Great Tokyo Quake of 1923 (nearly 600,000 homes destroyed),
they've had some big earthquakes in the past, including a huge one in
Earthquake in same area as the recent one in Tohoku recorded in
National Geographic, 1896:
Big one in Osaka in Oct. 1891 (over 220,000 homes destroyed), with
Another depiction, with photos:
December 24, 2010
Good words from Newton... so many today are taught to think highly of
themselves, that the lack of self-esteem is evil...
Letters of John Newton
My dear sir,
could write a long note indeed, upon your very great mistake in
considering me as a great man. If we could have a personal interview --
think you would be quickly undeceived! Ah! how different I am -- from
what perhaps I appear to be to others when in the pulpit.
mistake, however, has done me good. A whole quire of invective from an
enemy could hardly have given me so keen a sense of shame. The
Scripture assures us that our hearts by nature, like coins from the same mint
all alike. I hear my fellow-Christians complain of evils similar to
what I feel. Otherwise I would have reason to conclude that there could
not be one believer upon earth -- so inconsistent, so evil, so vile
beyond expression -- as myself!
Ah, dear sir! what would you
have thought of me -- had you seen me when I lived among the slaves?
sight of me would have been offensive to your eyes, and my vile speech
would have struck you with horror! I was miserable and despicable in
every view -- the common mark of scorn and insult! My whole wretched
amusement and pleasure seemed to lie in blaspheming the name and person
of Jesus, and in feeding my imagination with schemes of wickedness!
of my unhappy companions have perished in their sins -- who have just
cause to charge the ruin of their souls to my account! For Satan
himself, had he been upon earth in a bodily shape -- could hardly have
been more industrious in tempting to infidelity and profligacy than I
There is seldom a day of my life, in which my thoughts are
not led back to my former state of estrangement from Him, and that
pre-eminence of wretchedness into which my sins plunged me!
it is of grace that my poor story is not much worse. The Lord is my
keeper -- therefore I am still preserved. "By the grace of God -- I am
I am!" 1 Corinthians 15:10
I am, dear sir, your affectionate friend and servant,
John Newton, 1778
Amazing grace, how sweet the sound
That saved a wretch like me!
I once was lost, but now am found,
Was blind, but now I see!
Through many dangers, toils and snares,
I have already come;
'Tis grace has brought me safe thus far,
And grace will lead me home.
The earth shall soon dissolve like snow,
The sun forbear to shine;
But God, who called me here below,
Will be forever mine!
preferring a warm heart to a full head -- you certainly judge by the
of Scripture. The Lord looks to the heart -- not to the stature, the
popularity, the intellect, the rank or wealth of a person. These are to
the man -- no more than ornamental trappings to a horse!
are like grass, and all their goodness is like the flower of the
field!" Isaiah 40:6. The mass of mankind may be compared to grass. And
those who are distinguished by intellectual or external accomplishments
of any kind -- may be compared to the flowers which look more gaudy and
are perhaps a little taller than the grass. But when the mower comes
scythe finds no difference! Both fall by the same stroke, and wither
with equal speed!
I believe that the most lively grace and the most solid comfort -- are
known among the Lord's poor and insignificant people. Every outward
advantage, has a tendency to nourish the pride of the human heart; and
requires a proportionable knowledge of the deceitful SELF and the evil
of sin -- to counterbalance them.
If I were qualified to search
out the best Christian in the country, I would not expect to find him
either in a professor's chair, or in a pulpit. I would give the trophy
to that person who had the lowest thoughts of himself -- and the most
admiring and loving thoughts of the Savior. And perhaps this person may
be some bedridden old man or woman, or a pauper in a workhouse.
to Jesus is not to be measured by the amount of knowledge we have, or
how well we talk -- but rather by the simplicity of our dependence upon
Him, and the uniform tenor of our obedience to His will.
Your affectionate friend and servant,
October 16, 2010
Here is an excerpt from a series of articles published in 1921, which I
have been transcribing, that gives some good insight into the
background of Japanese-American relations which were in much discussion
re the "Japanese problem" in the early 1900's. Note especially the
sections on Shintoism and Christianity, namely the importance of a
clear break from Japanese ideology for Japanese Christians. Many of the
statements below are quite alarming, and a few would be immediately
as "racist" by most in our cultural climate today.
Gulick, by the way, was a "missionary kid" who returned to Japan as a
the late 1800's and was professor at Doshisha as well as lecturer at
Kyoto Imperial Univ. He returned to the US in 1913 and founded the
"League for Constructive Immigration Legislation" and was its
secretary, financed partly by Andrew Carnegie, even though he was
employed on salary by the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ of
America to promote his “new oriental policy.” Why? The article says,
"probably in the belief that an adjustment of international
and race relationship along lines satisfactory to Japan would render
more easy the promotion of the Christian Gospel among the Japanese." It
goes on to say:
"It is unlikely that
the ministers of the 100,000 American churches who
have been committed thus to this movement have much knowledge of the
facts which appear in these articles; it is certain that they do not
realize the gravity of the situation. The 17,000,000 church members,
with few exceptions, probably have little knowledge of the matter..."
JAPANESE AS CITIZENS.
-- THE JAPANESE ARE NONASSIMILABLE -- THEY CAN NOT, MAY NOT AND WILL
NOT MAKE GOOD AMERICAN CITIZENS -- CONCLUSIVE PROOFS PROM JAPANESE
AUTHORITIES -- THE MISSIONARY DELUSION THAT CHRISTIANIZATION WILL
TRANSFORM THEM -- JAPANESE CLAIMS ALL AMERICAN-BORN JAPANESE AND TRAINS
THEM FOR JAPAN'S SERVICE.
There are three principal elements in the menace threatened by Japanese
immigration. They are:
First. The nonassimilability
Japanese race; the practical impossibility of making out of
such material valuable and loyal American citizens.
Second. Their unusually large birth rate per
thousand population, already shown in California to be three times that
of the whites, notwithstanding that the estimated proportion of adult
females to males among the Japanese is only 1 to 4, while among the
whites it is, say, 1 to 1.
Third. The great advantages which they possess in economic
competition, partly due to racial characteristics, and partly
to standards of living, organization, direction, and aid from their
Government. These advantages make it hopeless for American whites to
compete with them.
It should be evident
that we can not encourage or permit in our midst
the development of an alien element possessing these characteristics
without inviting certain disaster to our institutions and to the Nation
itself. The evidence which will be presented on each of these points is
incontrovertible, and the conclusions inevitable.
As to nonassimilability, the first element mentioned in the Japanese
menace, there are three main reasons why it is useless to
attempt the making of good American citizens out of Japanese material,
save of course in exceptional individual instances. The Japanese can
not, may not, and will not provide desirable material for our
Japanese can not assimilate and make
good citizens, because their
racial characteristics, heredity, and religion prevent.
Second, the Japanese may not assimilate and make good citizens, because
Government, claiming all Japanese, no matter where born, as its
citizens, does not permit.
Third, the Japanese will not assimilate and make good citizens. In the
mass, with opportunity offered, and even when born here, they
have shown not only no disposition to do so, but pronounced antagonism.
There can be no effective assimilation of Japanese without intermarriage.
It is perhaps not desirable for the good of either race that there
should be intermarriage between whites and Japanese. The laws of some
States forbid such marriages but even where such marriages are
permitted and encouraged, the Japanese themselves will not take
advantage thereof. That is best demonstrated in Hawaii,
where there is a great commingling of races; but the Japanese,
comprising nearly half of the entire population of the Territory, and
steadily increasing in number, maintain in wonderful degree
their racial purity. With a population of 112,000 or more the
Japanese in Hawaii in five years have contracted marriages with other
races, according to the report made this year by the Survey Commission
-- at the request of the Commissioner of Education, at Washington --
Bulletin No. 16,1920 -- as follows:
Japanese men and four women were
married to Hawaiians, a few Japanese men to Portuguese women, one
Japanese man to an American woman, and a few Japanese women to Chinese
MIKADO -- THE
The Japanese hold that their Mikado [emperor of Japan] is the one
living god to whom they owe their very existence, and therefore all
obedience. It is not possible to make of an individual in whom that
belief is deeply and firmly grounded an American citizen who can be
relied upon in a crisis. This worship of the Mikado (Mikadoism, or Shintoism)
is a part of the education of each child in Japan, and school children
are by Government decree forced to worship at the Shinto
Buddhism, which is tolerated in Japan, has Shintoism
grafted onto it. Baron Goto, a prominent Japanese statesman,
at a gathering of Foreign Board Mission secretaries, at New York, in
June, 1919, said he was almost persuaded to embrace Christianity; that
with slight modifications he could do so.
It is upon such suggestions as this American missionaries hang their
hopes that by placating the Japanese in various ways,
and more particularly as to their demands for free immigration and
citizenship privileges in the United States, the evangelization
of the Japanese both in Japan and in this country, will be
made very much easier through Japanese Government suggestion or
The modification necessary or desirable in Christianity before Baron
Goto would embrace it is probably a modification similar to that which
has been made in Buddhism; that is to say, the incorporation
therein of Mikadoism, or Shintoism, which recognizes the god
character of the Mikado, and insures thereby the loyalty of
the individual Japanese to the Japanese Empire, through the
Prof. Kunitake Kume, in "Fifty Years of New Japan," the English version
of which was revised and authorized for publication by Marquis
Shigenobu Okuma, "the grand old man of Japan," said:
Mikado) is regarded as a
living Kami (god), loved and revered by the nation above all things on
earth, and himself loving and protecting the nation,
who are deemed sons of Kami Nagara, and are intrusted to his care by
the Kami. This mutual understanding obtains between every individual
Japanese and the Emperor."
RULE THE EARTH.
It is declared in the book, "The Political Development of Japan,"
written by Etsujiro Uyehara, member of the Imperial Japanese
Parliament, and head of one of the war commissions from Japan to the
United States in 1917, that,
of Japan can say without
hesitation, 'L'etat c'est moi,' 'I am the State,' more effectively than
Louis XIV, not because he can subject the people to his will, but
because he is morally so recognized. Theoretically, he is the center of
the State, as well as the State itself. He is to the Japanese
mind the Supreme Being in the cosmos of Japan, as God is in
the universe to the pantheistic philosopher."
In the Japan
"Advertiser" of May 9, 1919, there appeared a translation
of an editorial in the "Niroku Shimbun" of Tokio, from which the
following quotation is made:
Family of Japan is as
worthy of respect as is God. The Imperial Family of Japan is the
parent not only of her sixty millions, but of all mankind on earth.
In the eyes of the Imperial Family all races are one and the same. It
is above all racial considerations. All human disputes therefore may be
settled in accordance with its immaculate justice.
The League of Nations, proposed to save mankind from the horrors of
war, can only attain its real object by placing the Imperial
Family of Japan at its head, for to attain its object the
League must have a strong punitive force of supernational and
superracial character, and this force can only be found in
the Imperial Family of Japan."
From a writer long
resident in Japan, and fully conversant with its
language, its religion, and its people, is quoted the following
statement on this matter:
or Emperor worship, is the
sheet anchor of patriotic fervor in Japan -- the soul of the body
politic. The vast majority of the people have no other
religion. It is not a relic of bygone days, but the very
heart of present-day Japan."
In the Los Angeles
Examiner of June 1, 1920, appeared a series of
resolutions adopted the preceding day at a picnic held in Flyman Park
by the Japanese Christian laymen, at which Seimatsu Kimena, the
Japanese "Billy Sunday" was present. These resolutions recite the
belief of these Christianized Japanese that Japanese can not
make good American citizens unless they become Christians.
While the reason for this statement is not given, it is clearly
to be found in the Japanese worship of the Mikado. They also
declared their intention of giving their children only an
American education, and their willingness to be regarded in
consequence by their fellow countrymen as a forsaken band.
The plea of Sidney Gulick, and a number of his Christian friends, that
we make citizens of the Japanese and then trust to making good citizens
of them by Christianizing them, advocates an experiment dangerous in
the extreme, doubtful even as to a superficial change in religion, and
certain to end in disaster. There are 150,000 Japanese in
continental United States, and it is estimated that but
4,000 of them have embraced Christianity, although between
30,000 and 40,000 of those now living were born in this country, and
although 70,000 of them have been here from 10 to 20 years. It
may be assumed that if any large body of Japanese become Christians, their
brand of Christianity will have been modified by Shintoism, as is their
brand of Buddhism.
In addition, it may be remembered that a few years ago Japan sent a
commission over to this country for the express purpose of ascertaining
the benefits conferred upon us by Christianity: for Japan, if she sees
a good thing in other nations, is quite willing to adopt it herself.
The report of the mission was to the effect that, judging by
the effects of Christianity on our people, it would not be a desirable
belief for Japan to embrace.
The principal opponents, in this country, to Japanese exclusion are the
American missionaries and church organizations interested in the
evangelization of the Japanese. Apparently, they assume, aside from
their claim that a Japanese can be made a good American by
Christianization, that if this country will yield to the demands now
made by Japan for the same privileges as immigrants and citizens for
their people as are extended to Europeans, the work of the missionaries
in Christianizing Japanese, both in this country and in Japan, will be
materially promoted through Japan's friendly offices.
The attitude of Japan as to Christianization of her people has been
sufficiently indicated within the past year through her action in
Korea, where the Korean Christians were subjected to the
greatest persecution and torture, the evident attempt being
made, as claimed by some writers, to exterminate the Korean
Christians, on the theory that their Christianity imbued them
with liberal ideas more or less dangerous to the maintenance of Japan's
The attitude of the Japanese Government toward practical evangelization
in Japan itself is well illustrated by the manner in which the
institutions established by various missionary organizations have been
confiscated for Government use, either directly or through enforced
incorporation as Japanese institutions. The following extract from a
letter from Guy M. Walker, to the New York Evening Sun,
dated July 27, 1920, gives detailed information as to Japan's act in
connection with this policy:
another thing concerning what has
happened in Japan in the last few years on which our people should be
enlightened, and that is the
confiscation by the Japanese of all mission property created
by the millions of money sent by our religious people to Japan for the
Christianization of the Japanese. In order to prevent the confiscation
of all of the mission property, there was a few years ago a feverish
and hurried effort on the part of many denominations to organize
Japanese churches such as the Methodist-Japanese, the Japanese
Presbyterian Church and the Japanese Baptist Church, and a hurried
transfer by the American missionary societies to these Japanese
churches of the missions schools and properties, in order to prevent
them from being seized and confiscated by the Japanese Government, or
of being appropriated by the Japanese trustees, in whose name they
stood. Many of these properties have since been converted
into secular or pagan institutions, and the Japanese have cut
out everything connected with the Christian propaganda, although they
were created by Christian money from America. If these facts were
known, as they should be, I am quite sure that no sensible
American would ever give one penny further for the education or
civilization of the Japanese."
In the Japan
Advertiser (Tokyo) of June 20, 1920,
is a lengthy article by Charles A. Perry, calling attention to the
little interest shown by Japanese in the matter of Christianization as
indicated by the small number of Christian converts in Hamamatsu, a
manufacturing town in Japan, of about 19,000 inhabitants, and the high
cost of their conversion. He gives statistics and experiences
from the various missionaries and missions, and quotes Rev. W. A.
Richards, one of the resident missionaries, to the effect that the
baptized converts of all sects by the various missions on an average
cost Y200 per head (a yen is worth 50 cents). Mr. Perry adds:
inclined, though without precise figures,
to think that this is an underestimate, for Mr. Richards's own three
converts (secured in four years) work out at Y4,000 per head."
incapacity of the Japanese for assimilation,
their religious belief and ideals, bred in them for
generations and taught to them the world over, which foreign birth and
foreign residence does not modify, create a permanent and
insurmountable barrier between them and that real American citizenship
which would be of value, and not a grave menace, to this Nation. They
can not be transmuted into good American citizens.
EXPATRIATION OF HER CITIZENS.
The second point made by me against the possibility of making American
citizens out of Japanese is based upon my statement that Japan does not
permit it. We come now to the curious and inconsistent policy of our
Government as to dual citizenship, the full viciousness of which is
most apparent in the case of the Japanese. We recognize as an American
citizen and extend all rights and privileges as such to anyone born
under the American flag, including of course, the Japanese. Japan, on
the other hand, rigidly insists that every Japanese, no
matter where his parents were born, and no matter what nation may have
conferred citizenship on him, with or without his request, is a
Japanese citizen, and must perform all the obligations as such.
Every Japanese born here, even if his forbears for generations were
born here, but had not been permitted to expatriate, is subject
to orders from Japan; is kept track of through the Japanese
consulate, and other organizations, and is subject to call for military
duty. Authorities on international law agree that, since the United
States confers its citizenship on the Japanese born here, unasked and
with full knowledge of Japan's claims, we must, in the event
of war, recognize those Japanese as the citizens of Japan.
We are thus conferring upon the Japanese born here all the rights and
privileges of citizenship, without any of the obligations,
and we are certainly breeding in our midst a class of American citizens
whose hand, we know in advance, must be against us in possible case of
The Japan Parliament passed, some years ago, and the Emperor afterwards
promulgated, what is known as the "nationality option law,"
which is supposed to permit a Japanese born on foreign soil to
expatriate himself. Examination of its terms and operation shows it
does nothing of the kind. Under it, a Japanese born on foreign soil
may, between the ages of 15 and 17, and with the consent of his
guardians, apply to the Japanese Government for permission to renounce
his allegiance. Under the circumstances, that application is not often
made, but, if made, it has no effect unless permission be
granted by the Japanese Government. The board of control
report quoted the Japanese Vice Consul Ishii, at San Francisco, to the
effect that not to exceed a dozen American-born children have signed
the "Declaration of Losing Nationality," and that, so far as learned, permit
has not been granted by the Japanese Government in any of these cases.
JAPAN TRAINS HER
Japan not only claims as her citizens all Japanese born on American
soil, but she takes great care that they grow up really as Japanese
citizens, with all the ideals and loyalty of the race, untouched by the
notions prevalent in this country, which would weaken that loyalty.
The Japanese children born under the American flag are compelled
to attend Japanese schools, usually after the
public-school hours, where they are taught the language, the ideals,
and the religion of Japan, with its basis of Mikado worship. Here they
are taught by Japanese teachers, usually Buddhist priests,
who frequently speak no English, and who almost invariably know nothing
of American citizenship. The textbooks used are the
Mombusho series, issued under the authority of
the department of education at Tokyo. These schools are located
wherever there are Japanese communities, and teachers in the American
public schools testify that the Japanese children frequently are
studying their Japanese lessons in their public-school hours.
In Hawaii this system of Japanese schools and its effect in
preventing any chance of inculcating the principles of American
citizenship in the Japanese upon whom we confer such
citizenship, caused such widespread comment that the Hawaiian
Legislature in 1919 attempted to pass a law providing that teachers in
foreign-language schools must know sufficient English and enough
American history and civics to ground the pupils in the principles of
American citizenship. That bill was defeated on the demand and through
the influence of the Japanese, who said its effect would be
to destroy their schools.
Now, the survey commission appointed by the Commissioner of Education
of the United States, reports in Bulletin No. 16, of 1920, that these
Hawaiian-Japanese schools, if not anti-American, are at least
not pro-American, and recommends that all foreign language
schools in the Hawaiian Islands should be abolished, except for foreign
children who can never become American citizens.
DISPOSED TO BECOME
It has been shown already why the Japanese can not make good citizens,
because of their religion and heredity and nonassimilability; it has
been shown also why they may not make good citizens, because the
laws of Japan, efficiently and rigorously administered in the United
States, as well as in Japan, do not permit them; it is
equally true that they will not make good citizens and that the
evidence of the acts of those who have resided under the American flag
for many years is conclusive on this point.
In Hawaii, where their numbers make them independent, and where they
are now in a position to practically control the territory, the
Japanese form a separate, alien community, observing the
laws, customs, and the ideals of Japan, using the Japanese
language, both in their business and in their schools, and bringing up
their children to be, not American but Japanese citizens, with all that
loyalty to the Mikado which is a part of the Japanese religion.
The statement made as to Japanese policy in Hawaii is equally true of
the Japanese in California, though, because of differences in
conditions, the evidence has not forced itself as yet so strongly on
public attention. The Japanese schools are found in every Japanese
community in California where there are enough children to support them.
The Japanese, however, are not content to depend upon education of
their American-born children in this country in order to make them
loyal subjects of the Mikado. In the report of the Japanese Association
of America, concerning its California census, as quoted by the
State board of control, appears the statement that there are
in Japan at this time about 5,000 California-born Japanese.
That statement carries little significance to most people. It means,
however, that there are at this time 5,000 of the Japanese born in
California -- that is to say, 20 per cent of California's
Japanese minors -- upon whom the United States conferred
citizenship, who are now back in Japan being thoroughly instructed in
the religion and ideals of Japan; so that when they return here they
may serve not as American citizens, but as loyal subjects of
the Mikado, to do his will and serve his interests.
The immigration commissioners of San Francisco and Seattle testify to
this custom of many California Japanese to send
their children back to Japan when between [missing figure]
and 10 years old and bring them back when they are 17 to 19.
The Japanese writer, C. Kondo, chief secretary of the Central Japanese
Association of Southern California, in a very able article published in
Nichi Bei of January 8 and 9 of this year,
frankly acknowledges that the Japanese of California show no
disposition to Americanize themselves, and that to this fact
largely is due the antagonism which they have created.
He warns them that this antagonism will increase rather than disappear,
and suggests that they should move to the Southern States, where their
characteristics are as yet unknown. He adds, however, that if they
pursue the same methods there that they have in California they
will encounter the same bitter experience that they are now undergoing
One reason why the Japanese show no disposition to Americanize
themselves lies in their belief, passed down through generations,
grounded into them in their schools, and a part of their religion (for
is not their nation the only one on earth whose ruler is the
living god?), that they are superior to any race on earth. Why,
then, should they be willing to expatriate themselves and
become citizens of an inferior Nation?
The cockiness which many have noticed in the Japanese under certain
conditions and on certain occasions, their pride and sensitiveness,
their intolerance of criticism or opposition, are all due to this
inbred and firmly established belief in their superiority. In Exhibit
AA appears an article from the issue of June 10, 1920, of The
Northman, a Swedish publication printed at Portland, Oreg.,
in which Miss Frances Hewitt, who spent six years in Japan teaching
English to Japanese school children in the public schools there, says:
the tourists learn that these
children are taught that they, being children of the Son of Heaven, are
superior to all foreigners, and that their natural destiny is
to bring all other peoples to subjection."
conditions, it is not only probable but practically certain
that the majority of Japanese who are now endeavoring to secure for
themselves the privileges of American citizenship are doing it not from
any desire to help the American Nation, or to become an integral part
of it, but that they may better serve Japan and the Mikado.
A striking evidence of this is found in an article which appeared in
the Sacramento Daily News, a Japanese newspaper,
February 4, 1920, a translation of which appears in Exhibit K herewith.
This article calls the attention of the Japanese to the dual
citizenship situation, and suggests that for the present they cease
registering births with the Japanese authorities, but register only
with the American authorities. They are advised that they
need not fear thereby to lose Japanese citizenship, because
at any time they can make good their claim to it by proof of birth,
etc. The article closes with the statement that the American
citizenship can be used for furthering the purposes of Japan in this
country. Following is part of the article:
"It is urged
then when as American citizens (by
birth) the opportunity comes for them to reinforce the Japanese
residents in America who have no citizenship rights, they
must, on behalf of His Majesty, the Emperor of Japan, become the loyal
protectors of the race."
The following is a
portion of a statement made on his return to San
Francisco from Japan by Dr. Benjamin Ide Wheeler, president emeritus of
the University of California, and republished in the Japan
Advertiser of Tokyo on May 22, 1920. Dr. Wheeler had gone to
Japan as a member of an unofficial mission headed by Mr. Wallace M.
Alexander, of the San Francisco Chamber of Commerce, to discuss with
leading Japanese the feasibility of a friendly understanding between
the two countries.
civilizations can not mingle, and the
leaders in Japan agree that it is not well to attempt to amalgamate
them. They can not and will not understand our civilization, and no
matter in what part of the world he is, a Japanese always
feels himself a subject of the Emperor, with the Imperial Government
backing him, much as a feudal retainer had the support of his
overlord in exchange for an undivided loyalty."
I have heard but three arguments in favor of Japanese immigration -- or
rather all pleas may be reduced to these three:
First. The fatherhood of God and the
brotherhood of man plea. The Japanese want to come here because this is
a better place than Japan for them, and we ought to welcome them.
That plea is a legitimate one within limits. It ceases to have force
when you invite destruction for yourself and your posterity and your
Nation in order to give someone something which he does not need, but
which he wants. A nation has no right to disregard the first principles
Second. It is declared we can not do without
Japanese labor; that with exclusion enforced, lands will lie idle, and
So far as our small farmers are concerned, the evidence is
that they get no benefit from Japanese labor. The Japanese
work lands on lease, and those who work for wages work for their
countrymen, usually on the cooperative plan, and not for whites. The
board of control says in California there are fewer Japanese working
for white men than white men working for Japanese.
It is the absentee landlord, the large landholder,
who wishes to reside in the city, who profits through the presence of
Japanese, by leasing to them.
We can afford to have less profit made by these landowners -- we can
even afford, if necessary, to see our total production decrease, rather
than promote the control of this country by Japanese. Besides, the
future exclusion of Japanese will not decrease their number here. Their
birth rate will prevent that.
There are many experienced California farmers, agriculturists, and
orchardists who insist that activities in the agricultural
sections of the State can be continued successfully without Japanese
labor, and who themselves furnish proof thereof in the
management of their own properties. They do it usually by providing
conditions which will offer attractions to help of this character to
remain, particularly where they have families. For the picking of fruit
a number report that they find no difficulty in securing families and
girls, providing the necessary conditions are furnished. Some
use Mexican labor, which has to be handled
courteously and fairly, but is declared to be excellent labor if so
handled, particularly if the laborers have their families with them,
and a small house with an adjacent piece of ground is provided for each.
As indicating the sentiment of California farmers on this subject, it
is sufficient to say that the California Farm Bureau Federation,
representing an affiliation of 33 county farm bureaus, covering 85 per
cent of the agricultural area of the State, with a membership of
20,000, voted by referendum in July, 1920, on a long list of topics of
importance to the California farmer. The result as to matters connected
with Japanese was as follows:
Japanese immigration, 12 to 1; against
leasing land to Japanese, 12 to 1; against ownership of land by
Japanese, 40 to 1; against Japanese as bonded laborers, 7 to 1; against
importation of "picture brides," 27 to 1.
It is urged that to enforce exclusion
against the Japanese may produce friction and international
That is not the plea of a good, red-blooded American. The question is,
Are we right in this matter, and is Japan wrong? Canada and
Australia and New Zealand say we are right, and Japan has tacitly
acquiesced in the protective measures which those countries maintain.
Our own experience with Japanese immigration under presumed restriction
proves conclusively that the interests of the Nation demand exclusion.
That being so, the true American will say frankly to Japan: "You see
the facts; our people can not assimilate. Continuation of existing
conditions will make us enemies where we are now friends. Let us adopt
the only possible means which will prevent such an unfortunate result."
If Japan insists on finding cause for friction in such a frank
statement, why, this is a good time to learn that fact. Certainly
it is the time to act in our own protection.
Prof. Albert Bushnell Hart, of Harvard University, who returned
recently from a visit to the Hawaiian Islands, where he had
investigated the problem of Japanese immigration, said in a talk before
the Commonwealth Club of San Francisco:
"Put the boot
on the other foot. Suppose
100,000 American laborers settled on one of Japan's small islands.
Suppose they brought with them American customs, traditions, habits,
and means of permanent establishment through propagation. Would
this be tolerated by the Japanese Government? The Japanese themselves
admit that it would not."
August 21, 2010
jewels are often
found buried in the worst filth!
(James Smith, "Exhortation
and Encouragement" 1859)
"I have many people in this city!" Acts 18:10
What kind of a city was it?
Corinth was one of the most worldly and immoral cities of the east.
Here was the temple of Venus, with its degrading
and disgraceful services.
What kind of people were
"Do you not know that the wicked will not inherit
the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived: Neither the sexually
immoral nor idolaters nor adulterers
nor male prostitutes nor homosexual
offenders nor thieves nor the greedy
nor drunkards nor slanderers nor
swindlers will inherit the kingdom of God. And
that is what some of you were! But you were washed, you were
sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and
by the Spirit of our God!" 1 Corinthians 6:9-11. This is the apostle's
own reply to the question.
Lord's people are often found in the most unlikely places!
Who would have expected to find God's chosen people--a multitude
of them--in a place so foul, so polluted, so
are often found buried in the worst filth!
2. The Lord chooses the most unlikely people!
Who would ever have thought that the Lord would have chosen: the
sexually immoral, idolaters, adulterers, male prostitutes, homosexuals,
thieves, the greedy, drunkards, slanderers, swindlers--to be saved? But
are picked off the foulest dunghills!
O the wonders of sovereign grace!
August 15, 2010
C. S. Lewis
In case you ever wondered about this writer, from Way of Life org:
Consider the popular
author C.S. LEWIS. He (1) Promoted ecumenism. (In the book Mere Christianity
he said that Christianity is a large house with many different
acceptable rooms, such as Catholicism, Protestantism, etc.) (2) He
denied the substitutionary atonement of Christ. (3) He believed in
theistic evolution. (5) He rejected the Bible as the infallible Word of
God. (5) He denied the doctrine of an eternal fiery hell. (5) He
believed in prayers for dead and confessed his sins to a priest. (6) He
claimed that followers of pagan religions can be saved without faith in
Jesus Christ: “There are people in other religions who are being led by
God’s secret influence ... Many of the good Pagans long before Christ’s
birth may have been in this position” (C.S. Lewis, Mere Christianity,
Harper,SanFrancisco edition, 2001, pp. 64, 208, 209).
Lewis’s The Chronicles
intertwines a few vague biblical themes with pagan mythology: nymphs,
fauns (part man and part goat), dwarfs, centaurs (part man and part
horse), Dryads (tree-women), and Naiads (well-women). All of these
creatures are depicted as serving Aslan, the alleged Christ figure.
Lewis presents the deeply heretical idea of good magic. He calls
Aslan’s power “Deep Magic” and Aslan’s father’s power as “Emperor’s
Magic.” He introduces the pagan god Bacchus and his orgies as a
desirable thing. He presents the myth of “Father Christmas.” He teaches
that Adam’s first wife was not Eve but rather a woman named Lilith and
that she was a witch.
July 1, 2010
Nothing new under the sun...
Socialism and communism are old ideas:
The obscure tutor named Morelly,
lived in the town of Vitry-le-François, in northwestern France. His
first name, the dates of his birth and earth, where he was born, and
other biographical details, are not known. All that is certain is that
he was the author of several philosophical works as well as an epic
poem, Basiliad, which told of a communist utopia
in a far-away land. This work was sharply criticized, and Morelly wrote
Code of Nature in an attempt to provide a
systematic philosophical justification of his communist ideas.
Interesting section from this 1887 history:
And also of note:
ROMANISM VERSUS THE
PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEM by DANIEL DORCHESTER, D.O., 1888.
June 26, 2010
What they used to do long ago in Japan on December 25th
And some problems back then, too -- some old cars stolen by Allied
soldiers during the Occupation:
June 20, 2010
& Gadby's hymns
Good old hymn books to download:
June 10, 2010
old email below for stats on the Koryu midget sub -- 115 were built and
500 more being built. There were 215 similar ones, the Kairyu, and 207
more under construction in 11 different shipyards. Then there were the
Kaiten, human torpedoes -- 419 of those. And the Fukuryu, suicide
frogmen -- 4,000 of those guys.
The Army and Navy had 4,000 suicide boats.
also had 5,651 Army and 7,074 Navy aircraft. Around 100 new underground
aircraft plants were under construction. They were building baka buzz
bombs and who knows how many of those were near completion by the end
of the war.
Problems: Fuel for all this, and pilots. But they
were good at fuel conservation, and producing it out of a variety of
things. Hard to train someone how to fly a plane, but as long as they
can get off the ground and aim it right, no problem. I have read there
were many kids ready to fly those off to "glory."
900,000 troops were fortifying Kyushu.
Lots of underground plants, and tunnel systems, and civilian guerillas
and bombers... would have been tough to fight that.
From: REPORT OF
RECONNAISSANCE OF SOUTHERN KYUSHU, Dec. 1945
WW2DB: Type D-class Midget Submarine
Date: Tue, 10 Feb 2009 11:09:08 -0800
We would have met a bunch of these if we had invaded Japan...
Type D-class Midget
||1 January 1945
||60 tons full
motor, 150hp diesel
||1,000nm at 8 knots
surfaced, 125nm at
16 knots submerged
refers to the entire Type D-class; it is not about
an individual vessel.
In mid-1944, with
coastal defense requirements becoming urgent, the
Japanese Navy developed the Koryu Tei Gata Type D
submarines. More than just another improved version of the Type A,
this was a new design. They were the largest of Japan's midgets,
displacing about 60 tons, 86 feet in length, with a five-man crew,
featuring a more powerful diesel engine, and had improved operating
endurance. Koryu's had the same armament as the Ko-hyoteki
A's: two muzzle-loaded 17.7-inch torpedoes. As with the earlier types,
individual boats had alpha-numeric names in the "Ha" series beginning
with Ha-101. Some 115 units had been completed when Japan capitulated
in August 1945. Nearly 500 more were under construction. Some of these
submarines intended for training pilots for Kaiten type manned
torpedoes, had an enlarged conning tower and two periscopes.
Type D boats were
employed off Guadalcanal and the Solomon Islands
in 1942-43, where they achieved modest success against U.S. shipping.
They were deployed around Midway, the Aleutians, the Bismarck Islands,
the Philippines, the Marianas, and Okinawa as shore-based defensive
units, but their overall effectiveness was negligible at best.
Sources: Wikipedia; Naval History &
Combined Fleet; Japan-101.
18 photographs of Type D-class Midget Submarine
May 6, 2010
Boys' Life, Japanese mission, Japanese secret code
Did you use to read Boys' Life? These old
issues go back to 1911:
Interesting article on first Japanese mission to the US:
And Japanese language as a national secret code!
May 2, 2010
Old English versions
E.g. from John 1:
1 On frymðe
wæs Word, and þæt Word wæs
mid Gode, and God wæs þæt Word. 2 Þæt wæs on
Gode. 3 Ealle þing wæron geworhte ðurh hyne;
and nan þing
næs geworht butan him. 4 Þæt wæs lif þe on him
and þæt lif wæs manna leoht. 5 And þæt leoht
ðystrum; and þystro þæt ne genamon.
Mann wæs fram Gode asend, þæs nama
wæs Iohannes. 7 Ðes com to gewitnesse, þæt he
cyðde be ðam leohte, þæt ealle menn þurh hyne gelyfdon. 8
Næs he leoht, ac þæt he gewitnesse forð bære be þam leohte. 9
Soð leoht wæs þæt onlyht ælcne cumendne man on þisne middaneard.
He wæs on middanearde, and
middaneard wæs geworht þurh hine, and middaneard hine ne gecneow. 11
To his agenum he com, and hig hyne ne underfengon. 12
Soðlice swa hwylce swa hyne underfengon, he sealde him anweald þæt hi
wæron Godes bearn, þam ðe gelyfað on his naman: 13
synt acennede of blodum, ne of flæsces willan, ne of weres willan, ac
hig synt of Gode acennede. 14 And þæt Word wæs
geworden, and eardode on us, and we gesawon hys wuldor, swylce
acennedes wuldor of Fæder, þæt wæs ful mid gyfe and soðfæstnysse.
Iohannes cyþ gewitnesse be him,
and clypaþ þus cweðende, ‘Þes wæs þe ic sæde, “Se ðe to cumenne is
æfter me wæs geworden beforan me, for þam he wæs ær þonne ic.”’. 16
And of his gefyllednesse we ealle onfengon gyfe for gyfe. 17
For þam þe æ wæs geseald þurh Moysen; and gyfu and soþfæstnes is
geworden þurh Hælend Crist. 18 Ne geseah næfre
nan mann God, butan se ancenneda
Sunu hit cyðde, se is on his Fæder bearme.
April 25, 2010
Kashikoi mono gozaru
is quite interesting re translation of biblical terms into Japanese.
Hadn't realized there were so many words for God that early translators
had to deal with.
I've always been fascinated with John 1:1 in
Gutzlaff's translation, literally, ""In the beginning is the Wise One,
and this Wise One is with Paradise, and this Wise One is Paradise." I
had often wondered what religious ideas those Japanese fishermen had
and how they conveyed that to Gutzlaff.
Pioneers of Japanese Bible
February 10, 2010
exemption of the Emperor from War Criminals, January 25, 1946
Documents with Commentaries Part
3 Formulation of the GHQ Draft and Response of the Japanese Government
Telegram, MacArthur to Eisenhower, Commander in Chief, U.S. Army
Forces, Pacific, concerning exemption of the Emperor from War
Criminals, January 25, 1946
The U.S. Joint Chiefs
of Staff, on November 29, 1945, ordered MacArthur to gather information
regarding whether the Emperor had committed any war crimes. In response
to this, MacArthur sent a telegram dated January 25, 1946 reporting
that there was no evidence of the Emperor having committed any war
crimes. In addition to this, MacArthur stated that charging the Emperor
would cause confusion in the situation in Japan thus requiring a longer
occupation with increased military and civilian personnel. He made it
clear that he would prefer not to charge the Emperor in consideration
of the burden such action would create for the United States.
|Actual Title of Source
||Incoming Classified Message From: CINCAFPAC Adv
To: War Department
||25 January, 1946
||State Department Records Decimal File,
HIROHITO/1-2546"<Sheet No. SDDF (B)00065>
||National Diet Library
||U.S. National Archives & Records
September 22, 2009
On "A sad
anniversary for Native Americans in Mass.", Aug. 30, 1675
is really sad is that this is typical revisionist history. The real
issue is the British, and Metacom (King Philip), chief of the
Narraganset tribe, who was fighting against British encroachment on his
land. Metacom was also a very anti-Christian Indian, and was jealous of
the prosperity of the praying Indians, who were EDUCATED by John Eliot,
early American missionary who translated the first Bible into their
language along with many
other books. Metacom tried to get these praying Indians to help fight
against the British -- some did, and others helped the British. A
complex issue.That they were sent to Natick is a good example of
preserving a people, as was the case for the Japanese nationals and
their children living in the US during WWII.
For one such source out of many, see The Life of
John Eliot, the
Apostle of the Indians (1828)
Eliot preaching to the Indians
July 7, 2009
C. H. Spurgeon: Sword & Trowel articles
Merger of Calvinism with Worldliness
from Sword & Trowel 2009, No. 1 by Dr Peter Masters
First and Foremost - In the Christian Armour of Ephesians
from Sword & Trowel 2007, issue 2 by Dr Peter Masters
Holy War - Do we dodge enlistment?
from Sword & Trowel 2007, issue 3 by by Peter Masters
from Sword & Trowel 2007, issue 3 by by C H Spurgeon
for Guidance in the Journey of Life - Chapter 2: Six
Steps for Guidance
from Sword & Trowel 2008, issue 2, chapter from accompanying
by Dr Peter Masters
God Uses His People in Soulwinning
from Sword & Trowel 2008, issue 1 by C H Spurgeon
for Guidance in the Journey of Life - Chapter 1: Does the
from Sword & Trowel 2008, issue 2, chapter from accompanying
by Dr Peter Masters
Care of Others - The Innkeeper in the parable of the Good
from Sword & Trowel 2008, issue 1 by C H Spurgeon
Spiritual Growth Check
from Sword & Trowel 2008, issue 2 by Dr Peter Masters
Cycle of Grace - Pressures - Prayer - Encouragement -
from Sword & Trowel 2008, issue 1 by Dr Peter Masters
Companions of Paul
from Sword & Trowel 2008, issue 1 by Dr Peter Masters
for Tried Believers
from Sword & Trowel 2008, issue 2 by C H Spurgeon
Necessity and Justification for the Free Offer of the Gospel
from Sword & Trowel 2009, issue 1 by Rev Malcolm Watts
H Spurgeon on the Present Financial Crisis - From a sermon
on the morning of January 10th, 1869, at the Metropolitan Tabernacle
from Sword & Trowel 2008, issue 2 by CHS
the Lord's Day - Is there a "Christian sabbath"?
from Sword & Trowel 2009, issue 1, accompanying booklet by Dr
Clothing of Humility - Putting on the Garments
from Sword & Trowel 2007, issue 2 by Peter Masters
Seven Pillars of Counselling
from Sword & Trowel 2009, issue 1 by Peter Masters
a True Deliverance Ministry - A pastoral guide to helping
believers who have left charismatic circles
from Sword & Trowel 2007, issue 3 by Peter Masters
in the Melting Pot - Chapter 1
from Sword & Trowel 1998 (revised and expanded) by Peter Masters
in the Melting Pot - Chapter 2: THREE BROKEN PRINCIPLES, I –
Spiritual or Aesthetic Worship?
from Sword & Trowel 1998 (revised and expanded) by Peter Masters
in the Melting Pot - Chapter 3: THREE BROKEN PRINCIPLES, II
Rational or Ecstatic Worship?
from Sword & Trowel 1998 (revised and expanded) by Peter Masters
in the Melting Pot - Chapter 4: THREE BROKEN PRINCIPLES, III
Sacred or Profane Worship?
from Sword & Trowel 1998 (revised and expanded) by Peter Masters
May 5, 2009
Do you know the
Preamble for your state?
We the people of the State of Alabama , invoking the favor and
guidance of Almighty God, do ordain and establish the following
Alaska 1956, Preamble
We, the people of Alaska , grateful to God and
to those who founded our nation and pioneered this great land.
Arizona 1911, Preamble
We, the people of the State of Arizona ,
grateful to Almighty God for our liberties, do ordain this
Arkansas 1874, Preamble
We, the people of the State of Arkansas ,
grateful to Almighty God for the privilege of choosing our own form of
California 1879, Preamble
We, the People of the State of California ,
grateful to Almighty God for our freedom...
Colorado 1876, Preamble
We, the people of Colorado , with profound
reverence for the Supreme Ruler of Universe...
Connecticut 1818, Preamble
The People of Connecticut, acknowledging
with gratitude the good Providence of God in permitting them
Delaware 1897, Preamble
Through Divine Goodness all men have, by
nature, the rights of worshipping and serving their Creator according
to the dictates of their consciences...
Florida 1885, Preamble
We, the people of the State of Florida ,
grateful to Almighty God for our constitutional liberty, establish
Georgia 1777, Preamble
We, the people of Georgia , relying upon
protection and guidance of Almighty God, do ordain and establish this
Hawaii 1959, Preamble
We , the people of Hawaii , Grateful for Divine
Guidance ... Establish this Constitution.
Idaho 1889, Preamble
We, the people of the State of Idaho, grateful
to Almighty God for our freedom, to secure its blessings.
Illinois 1870, Preamble
We, the people of the State of Illinois,
grateful to Almighty God for the civil , political and religious
liberty which He hath so long permitted us to enjoy and looking to Him
for a blessing on our endeavors.
Indiana 1851, Preamble
We, the People of the State of Indiana ,
grateful to Almighty God for the free exercise of the right to choose
our form of government.
Iowa 1857, Preamble
We, the People of the St ate of Iowa , grateful to
the Supreme Being for the blessings hitherto enjoyed, and feeling our
dependence on Him for a continuation of these blessings, establish
Kansas 1859, Preamble
We, the people of Kansas , grateful to Almighty
God for our civil and religious privileges establish this
Kentucky 1891, Preamble
We, the people of the Commonwealth are
grateful to Almighty God for the civil, political and religious
Louisiana 1921, Preamble
We, the people of the State of Louisiana ,
grateful to Almighty God for the civil, political and religious
liberties we enjoy.
Maine 1820, Preamble
We the People of Maine acknowledging with
grateful hearts the goodness of the Sovereign Ruler of the Universe in
affording us an opportunity .. And imploring His aid and direction.
Maryland 1776, Preamble
We, the people of the state of Maryland ,
grateful to Almighty God for our civil and religious liberty...
Massachusetts 1780, Preamble
We...the people of Massachusetts,
acknowledging with grateful hearts, the goodness of the Great
Legislator of the Universe In the course of His Providence, an
opportunity and devoutly imploring His direction
Michigan 1908, Preamble
We, the people of the
State of Michigan ,
grateful to Almighty God for the blessings of freedom, establish this
Minnesota, 1857, Preamble
We, the people of the State of Minnesota,
grateful to God for our civil and religious liberty, and desiring to
perpetuate its blessings:
Mississippi 1890, Preamble
We, the people of Mississippi in convention
assembled, grateful to Almighty God, and invoking His blessing on our
Missouri 1845, Preamble
We, the people of Missouri , with profound
reverence for the Supreme Ruler of the Universe, and grateful for His
goodness . Establish this Constitution...
Montana 1889, Preamble
We, the people of Montana , grateful to
Almighty God for the blessings of liberty establish this Constitution.
Nebraska 1875, Preamble
We, the people, grateful to Almighty God for
our freedom . Establish this Constitution.
Nevada 1864, Preamble
We the people of the State of Nevada , grateful
to Almighty God for our freedom, establish this Constitution...
New Hampshire 1792, Part I. Art. I. Sec. V
Every individual has a natural and unalienable right to worship God
according to the dictates
of his own conscience.
New Jersey 1844, Preamble
We, the people of the State of New Jersey,
grateful to Almighty God for civil and religious liberty which He hath
so long permitted us to enjoy, and looking to Him for a blessing on
New Mexico 1911, Preamble
We, the People of New Mexico, grateful to
Almighty God for the blessings of liberty..
New York 1846, Preamble We, the people of the State of New York ,
grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, in order to secure its
North Carolina 1868, Preamble
We the people of the State of North
Carolina, grateful to Almighty God, the Sovereign Ruler of Nations,
for our civil, political, and religious liberties, and acknowledging
our dependence upon Him for the continuance of those...
North Dakota 1889, Preamble
We , the people of North Dakota , grateful
to Almighty God for the blessings of civil and religious liberty, do
Ohio 1852, Preamble
We the people of the state of Ohio , grateful to
Almighty God for our freedom, to secure its blessings and to promote
Oklahoma 1907, Preamble
Invoking the guidance of Almighty God, in
order to secure and perpetuate the blessings of liberty, establish
Oregon 1857, Bill of Rights, Article I Section 2
All men shall be secure in the Natural right, to worship Almighty God
according to the
dictates of their consciences
Pennsylvania 1776, Preamble
We, the people of Pennsylvania, grateful
to Almighty God for the blessings of civil and religious liberty, and
humbly invoking His guidance....
Rhode Island 1842, Preamble
We the People of the State of Rhode
Island grateful to Almighty God for the civil and religious liberty
which He hath so long permitted us to enjoy, and looking to Him for a
South Carolina , 1778, Preamble
We, the people of he State of South
Carolina grateful to God for our liberties, do ordain and establish
South Dakota 1889, Preamble We, the people of South Dakota , grateful
to Almighty God for our civil and religious liberties ...
Tennessee 1796, Art. XI..III
That all men have a natural and indefeasible right to worship Almighty
God according to the dictates
of their conscience...
Texas 1845, Preamble
We the People of the Republic of Texas ,
acknowledging, with gratitude, the grace and beneficence of God.
Utah 1896, Preamble
Grateful to Almighty God for life and liberty, we establish this
Vermont 1777, Preamble
Whereas all government ought to enable the
individuals who compose it to enjoy their natural rights, and other
blessings which the Author of Existence has bestowed on man ..
Virginia 1776, Bill of Rights, XVI
Religion, or the Duty which we owe
our Creator can be directed only by Reason and that it is the mutual
duty of all to practice Christian Forbearance, Love and Charity
towards each other
Washington 1889, Preamble
We the People of the State of Washington,
grateful to the Supreme Ruler of the Universe for our liberties, do
ordain this Constitution
West Virginia 1872, Preamble
Since through Divine Providence we enjoy
the blessings of civil, political and religious liberty, we, the
people of West Virginia reaffirm our faith in and constant reliance
upon God ...
Wisconsin 1848, Preamble
We, the people of Wisconsin, grateful to
Almighty God for our freedom, domestic tranquility...
Wyoming 1890, Preamble
We, the people of the State of Wyoming ,
grateful to God for our civil, political, and religious liberties,
establish this Constitution...
March 4, 2009
Interesting 1946 intelligence article on Islam
Maybe the US is now the new "protector of Islam"?? See from p. 26: http://www.fas.org/irp/agency/army/intelreview1.pdf
February 18, 2009
The First Japanese-English Dictionary
write a lot about Japanese history because it's an interesting way to
get a feel for how unique the country is. I'm particularly interested
in the "firsts," like my recent post about the first beer brewed in
Japan, which formed the foundation for the Kirin Brewery Company. The
other day I wrote about how Japan had enjoyed a special relationship
with The Netherlands throughout the Edo Period, and in fact referred to
the study of all Western language, medicine and technology as Rangaku,
literally meaning Dutch Studies. But fifty years before Admiral Perry
would force Japan to open its doors to trade with the rest of the
world, a Dutch translator in Nagasaki named Shosaemon borrowed a
Dutch-English dictionary from a trader and created the first
Japanese-English dictionary, which was completed in 1810. It was called
the Angelia Gorin Taisei, or Great English Vocabulary
it was used by Yukichi Fukuzawa, one of the fore-fathers of modern day
Japan and the guy on the 10,000 yen note, when he made his historic
fact-finding missions to America and Europe to explore how Japan should
approach modernization. (Source: ???)
November 17, 2008
Helen Keller in Japan
a socialist, introduced Keller to radical books by authors such as
Henry David Thoreau, William James, HG Wells and Karl Marx. Following
her success in the Ladies' Home Journal, Keller became a campaigning
journalist. She wrote about childhood blindness and its associations
with poverty and venereal disease – a taboo subject. She spoke in
favour of contraception; Margaret Sanger, founder of the Planned
Parenthood movement, was a personal friend. Keller was a founder member
of the American Civil Liberties Union in 1920; in 1916 she sent a
donation to the recently founded National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People, a bold act for a white Southern lady.
She also studied Swedenborg and joined the Swedenborgian New Church."
ID: HK10057；Photograph of Miss Keller with a dog named Sieglinde. They
are outside and Miss Keller is touching an evergreen tree, circa 1935."
Trip to Japan:
It just mentions the visit to Fukuoka Jogakuin in 1937:
September 28, 2008
mentions revival in the US, June 20, 1858
I wonder if Spurgeon is referring to this revival in the US (I had
never heard of Lamphier):
it is to the work of the Holy Spirit that I shall this morning
specially direct your attention; and I may as well mention the reason
why I do so. It is this. We have received continually fresh
confirmations of the good news from a far country, which has already
made glad the hearts of many of God's people. In the United States of America
there is certainly a great awakening.
No sane man living there could think of denying it. There may be
something of spurious excitement mixed up with it, but that good,
lasting good, has been accomplished, no rational man can deny.
hundred and fifty thousand persons—that is a quarter of a
million—profess to have been regenerated since December last, have made
a profession of their faith, and have united themselves with different
sections of God's church. The work still progresses, if anything, at a
more rapid rate than before, and that which makes me believe the work
to be genuine is just this—that the enemies of Christ's holy gospel are
exceedingly wroth at it. When the devil roars at anything, you may rest
assured there is some good in it. The devil is not like some dogs we
know of; he never barks unless there is something to bark at. When
Satan howls we may rest assured he is afraid his kingdom is in danger.
this great work in America has been manifestly caused by the outpouring
of the Spirit, for no one minister has been a leader in it. All the
ministers of the gospel have co-operated in it, but none of them have
stood in the van. God himself has been the leader of his own hosts. It
began with a desire for prayer. God's people began to pray; the
prayer-meetings were better attended than before. it was then proposed
to hold meetings at times that had never been set apart for prayer;
these also were well attended; and now, in the city of Philadelphia, at
the hour of noon, every day in the week, three thousand persons can
always be seen assembled together for prayer in one place. Men of
business, in the midst of their toil and labor, find an opportunity of
running in there and offering a word of prayer, and then return to
their occupations. And so, throughout all the States, prayer-meetings,
larger or smaller in number, have been convened.
And there has
been real prayer. Sinners beyond all count, have risen up in the
prayer-meeting, and have requested the people of God to pray for them;
thus making public to the world that they had a desire after Christ;
they have been prayed for, and the church has seen that God verily doth
hear and answer prayer. I find that the Unitarian ministers for a
little while took no notice of it. Theodore Parker snarls and raves
tremendously at it, but he is evidently in a maze; he does not
understand the mystery, and acts with regard to it as swine are said to
do with pearls.
While the church was found asleep, and doing
very little, the Socinian could afford to stand in his pulpit and sneer
at anything like evangelical religion, but now that there has been an
awakening, he looks like a man that has just awakened out of sleep. He
sees something; he does not know what it is. The power of religion is
just that which will always puzzle the Unitarian, for he knows but
little about that. At the form of religion he is not much amazed, for
he can to an extent endorse that himself, but the supernaturalism of
the gospel—the mystery—the miracle—the power—the demonstration of the
Spirit that comes with the preaching, is what such men cannot
comprehend, and they gaze and wonder, and then become filled with
wrath, but still they have to confess there is something there they
cannot understand, a mental phenomenon that is far beyond their
philosophy—a thing which they cannot reach by all their science nor
understand by all their reason."
August 10, 2008
I think this is the first sermon I've heard
by Spurgeon where he mentions evolution. From his sermon entitled
second aspect in which we are to regard Manasseh is as an UNBELIEVER;
for it appears that Manasseh did not believe that Jehovah was God
alone; he was, therefore, a believer in false gods, but an unbeliever,
so far as the truth is concerned. Now, does it not strike you at the
outset, that while Manasseh was an unbeliever in the truth, he must
have been a very credulous person to believe in the all imaginary
deities of the heathen? In fact, the most credulous persons in the
world are unbelievers. It takes ten thousand times more faith to be an
unbeliever than to be a believer in revelation.
One man comes to
me and tells me I am credulous, because I believe in a great First
Cause who created the heavens and the earth, and that God became man
and died for sin. I tell him I may be, and no doubt am very credulous,
as he conceives credulity, but I conceive that which I believe is in
perfect consistency with my reason, and I therefore receive it. "But,"
saith he, "I am not credulous—not at all." Sir, I say, I should like to
ask you one thing. You do not believe the world was created by God?
"No." You must be amazingly credulous, then, I am sure. Do you think
this Bible exists without being made? If you should say I am credulous
because I believe it had a printer and a binder, I should say you were
infinitely more credulous, if you assured me that it was made at all.
should you begin to tell me one of your theories about creation—that
atoms floated through space, and came to a certain shape, I should
resign the palm of credulity to you. You believe, perhaps, moreover,
that man came to be in this world through the improvement of certain
creatures. I have read, you say, that there were certain monads—that
these monads improved themselves until they came to be small
animalculae—that afterward they grew into fishes—that these fishes
wanted to fly, and then wings grow—that by-and-by they wanted to crawl,
and then legs came, and they became lizards, and by divers steps they
then became monkeys, and then the monkeys became men, and you believe
yourself to be cousin-german to an ourang-outang.
Now, I may be
very credulous, but really not so credulous as you are. I may believe
very strange things; I may believe that, with the jaw-bone of an ass,
Samson slew a thousand men; I may believe that that the earth was
drowned with water, and many other strange things, as you call them;
but as for your creed, your non-creed, "'tis strange, 'tis passing
strange, 'tis wonderful," and it as much outvies mine in credulity, if
I be credulous, as an ocean outvies a drop.
It requires the
hardest faith in the world to deny the Scriptures, because the man, in
his secret heart, knows they are true, and, go where he will, something
whispers to him, "You may be wrong—perhaps you are," and it is as much
as he can do, to say, "Lie down, conscience! down with you; I must not
let you speak, or I could not deliver my lecture to-morrow, I could not
go among my friends, I could not go to such-and-such a club; for I can
not afford to keep a conscience, if I can not afford to keep a God."
January 9, 2008
Here's an interesting find -- a good description of early Protestant
work in Japan:
December 30, 2007
resource Google has in its GoogleBooks where we can download scans of
old books from the great libraries in the US -- a great blessing of
God's providence and a great help to the study of the Bible and history
of Christianity. Some of my first downloads:
Philip Schaff - The Creeds of
Various authors - The Christian
Sabbath Considered in Its Various Aspects
Muston - The Israel of the Alps:
A History of the Persecutions of the Waldenses
many more works are available there on the Albigenses and Waldenses,
one of my favorite areas of study, showing how God preserved His people
AND His Word from the onslaught of popery and paganism.