Kamioka POW Camp
Nagoya POW Command #1-B
(was Osaka #7-B)

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Kamioka POW Camp, Nagoya Detach 1-B

Location:
Nagoya 1-B KAMIOKA
Employer of slaves: MITSUI KOZAN (Kozan=Mining)*
GIFU-ken, YOSHIKI-gun, ASOFU-mura, WASAHO 1444
* designates a private company in command of camp.

Aerial View: before food drop - Sept 1945
Location Maps: (Topo)     (Street)
Satellite (Google)



Looking uphill at the barracks



Camp History:

10 Nov 1942: Dutch POWS arrive from Kamakura Maru ex Java (Surabaya)
08 Dec 1942: Established as Osaka KAMIOKA Branch Camp
18 Feb 1943: Renamed Osaka 7-B
25 Mar 1944: Dr Jackson & Dutch Medical Officer Irens arrive from Ichioka (Osaka Stadium Hospital)
29 May 1944: 150 Yanks Arrive ex Mukden
06 Aug 1944: 194 more Yanks arrive-
ex Nissyo Maru through Moji from Manila/Formosa
06 Apr 1945:
Jurisdictional control transferred to Nagoya POW Camp 1-B
Aug 1945: Renamed Nagoya 7-B
Sep 1945:
Rescue effected



Camp Layout:

Sketch #1 - Sharp hand drawn layout
Sketch #2 - not as clear- photostat original



Reports:

Assorted letters regarding conditions at Kamioka Camp [External site] - by Theunissen (NEI Army), Jackson (RNVR surgeon), Goldsmith (US Army), Pase (US Army)


"The Bug House - My Home at Kamioka" - photo courtesy of Bob Harle, grandson of British POW Stephen Harle. Per Harle in his email:
Just to update your information on British prisoners in Kamioka: "Walker" was Thomas John Walker, also of 100 squadron RAF, and featured regularly in my father's POW diaries - as was the attached image.

Tom Stitt I don't think I've seen anywhere in the diaries. There were only a few English prisoners, so you'd think his arrival would be mentioned.

The doctor you mention, Tony Jackson RN, arrived on 26th March 1944 and immediately operated on my father's hand - otherwise he would have apparently lost it. There's also mention of a Dutch doctor arriving in October 1943 and American prisoners arriving in May and August 1944.

Nick (Nicholas Guthrie) Glenton was also from 100 squadron and Charles James Brandon was 242 squadron.
Primary Slave Labor Use:

Zinc and lead mining.
NOTE: Frequently misrepresented as Omuta but that is another sub-camp in the Fukuoka area. Read commentary by Ray Makepiece

Pase Diary-

Detailed
history of events leading to men arriving at this camp by 1st Sgt Joseph G Pase- outstanding diary of major events during captivity at Kamioka plus extensive time-line

Camp Rosters:


Now located at NARA, RG 407 Box 102.
(verified 193 Yanks plus one British doctor)
American Roster- draft based upon POW Diaries; approx 150 Americans yet to be documented.
Dutch - see external link to roster of 305 Dutch and 6 British

Known British:

Boulding, Walter Frederick,Gnr
Charles James Brandon, 242nd RAF Sqn
Nicholas Guthrie Glenton, 100th RAF Sqn
Stephen Robinson Harle, LAC, 100th RAF Sqn
Tom McRobert Stitt, 155th Field Regt. RA
Walker
Camp Doctor: Tony Jackson (British)- Royal Navy Surgeon. Also known affectionately as "The Doc" or "Jocko"; previously at Osaka Ichioka POW Hospital.


Japanese Camp Staff:


A partial list of Japanese staff including rank. Guard staff was changed weekly.
War Crime Trials:
Sgt Mantani, Unosuke-[External site] Guard - Life imprisonment
Pvt Shimoda, Ryoichi - [External site] Guard - 20 years hard labor

Books Describing Life at Kamioka:

Jackson, Charles R. (Edited by B.H. Norton) "I AM ALIVE" Marine captured on Corregidor and rescued at Kamioka. Fantastic reading!

WORMSER, J.A., De nacht van de rijzende zon. Een Hollandse krijgsgevangene in Japan, 1942-1945. Orig. edn.Kampen, Kok, s.d. [circa], 1995. Verbatim text, in English, of the speech as held by Colonel Mirata, commander Osaka P.O.W. camp, 11th December 1942, addressing P.O.W., name-list of 302 Dutch and British P.O.W. as held at camp Kamioka, Osaka, incl. marking those who perished, table being exchange-rates of goods for food/medicine, incl. examples of loss of weight to Dutch P.O.W., glossary of Malay/Japanese words and  expressions-Dutch.


Camp Photographs
and Modern Day Pictures of Kamioka

Can you help identify these men?

Group photo of POWs (some of whom were at Kamioka), taken at March AFB in the early 1950's. (Courtesy of Steven Bull: "My dad is sitting between the third and fourth row, last man on the left, behind the guy in the mustache.")


Articles:

Wade Waldrup story (25 May 1997)