Center for Research
Allied POWS Under the Japanese
|The purpose of
this site is to provide a primary
source of documentation for all of the Allied prisoners of the
Japanese during WWII. Our goal is to determine what each man's unit was
then record what camps he was taken to and where he was rescued. Where
possible, we will provide rosters of the hell ships, and, if a man
perished, where, when and how.
We freely cooperate and welcome links amongst the many dedicated researchers who join us in the great effort.
These POWs were the men sacrificed at the beginning of WWII and their service should never be forgotten.
We honor them... by remembering them.
Bless them and their families for the selfless acts they perform for us in our time of need. Amen."
"Those who hammer their guns into plows will plow for those who do not" ~ Thomas Jefferson
Video: From Independence to Dependency
Help Support our Work
Update chronology - webpage additions & updates
Visit website dedicated to Roger
Collection of Roger Mansell, Concerning World War II Prisoners of War,
Donated to Hoover Institution Library and Archives
See Roger Mansell in War Stories with Oliver North -- Final Justice: War Crimes Trials of WWII
Read Roger Mansell's book, Captured: The Forgotten Men of Guam. (Book review by Kinue Tokudome)
"No one knows
you were there unless you tell your
Hiroshima POWs - includes complete English translation of book written by Shigeaki Mori about American POWs killed in Hiroshima and his incredible work to inform families.
TOKYO #13 (OMI) MEMORIAL
Memorial sites can be and are being built to remember our POWs in Japan. The Japanese company employing POW labor at this camp erected a memorial in Sept. 2014. See the Tokyo #13 webpage for more details.
Special: A remarkable tribute to an airman who perished over Rangoon. Take a few moments to understand the loss of a young man to his young widow. She remarried and this is the story of how her son, Matt Poole, unveiled the story.
Roger Mansell at Internet Movie Database
WWII People's War - BBC's archive of reader-contributed POW stories
American Defenders of Bataan and Corregidor Museum - Located at the Brooke County Public Library in Wellsburg, WV, this museum has the largest collection of documents, photos, and maps devoted exclusively to the ADBC membership -- view some of these on their Flickr site. See also Philippine Defenders Main Page.
Report on Medical Activities in the Philippines & Japan by Col. Wibb Cooper -- very good history of events prior to & during WWII, including activities at POW camps
Prisoners of War in the Philippine Islands -- Sept. 1944 Military Intelligence Division report on POW and civilian internee camps in the Philippines, with maps and photos
Ten Escape From Tojo by Cmdr. McCoy and Lt. Col. Mellnik - Original report on the escape of 10 POWs from Davao Penal Colony
Office of the Provost Marshal General Report on POWs in the Philippines -- Produced in Nov. 1945, containing much vital info on the major camps in the Philippines, including disease data; with drawings
Research papers by Edward Jackfert, Past National Commander, ADBC:
* World War II - Analyzing the Sacrifice and Abandonment of American Troops Defending the Philippine Islands
* Japan Surrenders, Rescue and Recovery of POW's
* Findings of the War Crimes Tribunal
* Documentary in Four Parts:
Legacies of Captivity: Sharing family archives, histories and the post-war impact of health issues
SURVIVING FAR EAST CAPTIVITY AND THE AFTERMATH: 70 YEARS ON - 2015
Researching FEPOW History Group 2010 Conference with Mansell talk on video
FEPOW 2007 Research Conference- Read Summary Report
FEPOW 2006 POW Research Conference (England)- Read Summary Report.
Singapore Malay Volunteers- learn the history & Units of the Malay Volunteers- fast growing web site
Summary of Singapore & Malay States Volunteers- courtesy of Ron Bridge
Great Web Site: The story of a young girl, Elizabeth van Kampen, taken captive by the Japanese in Java. A unique story told with pictures and passion. Worth reading.
Interesting story of a Hollywood star who served in WWII
Student wins essay contest- state championship- Ron Currens
Read story of his triumph!
Picture with trophy of Ron Currens and his teacher, Mr. David Pinholster
Georgia Council for Social Studies- Web now updated with the 2007 winners.
A Soldier died today- worth reading for a few minutes.
Why China distrusts Japan
Dutch Civilian Camps in the Netherlands East Indies- Amazing research and information (although in Dutch, translation is easy using "Bablefish") Outstanding research and information by Henk Beekhuis.
East Indies Camp Archives: Camps in the Dutch East Indies (1942-1948) - Excellent website with maps of camps
Victims of Circumstance - The story of the war in Manila and what happened to the civilian internees at Santo Tomas Internment Camp. Be sure to view the trailers and the sound recordings.
Hell Ships Memorial Fund - Subic Bay- A truly worthy cause- creating a monuments to those who perished on the Hell ships.
Hell Ships- short list of major losses based upon Michno's Death on the Hell Ships
Cruise of Death series from Nov. 8, 1945 published in the Chicago Daily News
JAVA Memorial Fund:
Worth a read and definitely worth your contribution. A rare tribute to the Allied and women men captured on Java.
Links of Merit:
Links deemed accurate for research on the POW experience.
Rosters for Combat units & Ships; featuring China Marines, 60th CAC, 59th CA, Wake Marines, 59th CAC, 26th Cav, CPNAB (Civilians on Wake, Guam and the Philippines) and much more.
Upcoming POW Events & Reunions
This page maintained by the Descendants Group of the ADBC
The Tragedy of Bataan -- A must-see!
TV documentary and radio series on the fall of the Philippines and Bataan Death March. Very interesting excerpts and links.
News Archive at US-Japan Dialogue on POWs
American POWs of Japan blog site -- Lots of good information here; also see this collection of POW-related YouTube videos
Hong Kong War Diary exhibit - Photos showing POWs from Hong Kong at work sites while at Kobe #2
The Artwork of Des Bettany - British POW who was at Changi drew some remarkable art of POW life. Article
Victory From Within: The American Prisoner of War Experience - Keep your eyes on this site where the Andersonville National Historic Site is working on a 1,200 square foot exhibit scheduled for completion in 2011.
Japan Air Raids.org - info about WWII air raids against Japan (in both English & Japanese)
B-29 Missions over Japan
Most remembered by POWs
Detail photo of damage, Kobe Bombing Photographs, Kobe, Japan, 5 March 1945
The Ralph Baggett Story
An unusual story of a man who won the Drake Relay Champions watch, only to have it taken by the Japanese. Drake University heard the story and the tale took another twist. ©Copyright 2000-2010, Roger Mansell
Chariots of Fire - Remember the movie? This was the story of the Olympic runner, Eric Liddell. He was interned by the Japanese but died from a brain tumor on 21 Feb 1945. Now, the rest of the story. UPDATE: Statue has been erected in Tianjin, China, in memory of Liddell. Upcoming film on his life entitled The Last Race.
USS Houston- CA-30
Two pictures of USS Houston survivors upon repatriation.
Houston POW Site
The Lost Battalion - 131st Artillery captured on Java - history & rosters
In Memory of Roderick Suddaby
(Nov. 14, 1946 - June 26, 2013)
Encouraging POWs to believe
that their stories are worthy of preservation
One of the most significant figures in FEPOW history research in Britain, Roderick (Rod) Suddaby, the former Keeper of the Dept of Documents at the Imperial War Museum (IWM) in London, died last Wednesday (26 June) having been ill for several years.
Roger knew and respected Rod. It was reciprocated, I'm sure. It was at the first FEPOW history research conference, organised by the Researching FEPOW History (RFH) Group, that I believe they met for the first time. This was held in April 2006 at the National Memorial Arboretum in Staffordshire, home to the FEPOW Memorial building. I had first met Roger three years earlier in Kansas City at the Zentsuji Reunion. He had, like Rod, been a constant support and help to me in my search for more information about Dad's FEPOW experiences (also a Zentsujian as you know) and it was a thrill to have the chance to chat with him. When the idea for the research conference took shape a few years later, Roger was one of the first speakers I invited to present his work. Happily for us all he agreed straightaway.
Rod (and through him the IWM) was a staunch supporter of the work of the RFH Group. He had an encyclopaedic knowledge of British military history and in his later working life in FEPOW history in particular. He believed, like Roger, in sharing what he knew. He was an academic historian, a rigourous researcher who had a phenomenal memory for detail. He also had a wonderful knack of putting many untutored family historians at their ease when confronting for the first time the old silent, high-domed reading room at the IWM in Lambeth Road, South London. Nothing was ever too much trouble you felt, just as he intended. Whenever possible he delighted in being able to put in touch relatives of FEPOW who shared common ground in research. I was one of the many beneficiaries of his care and thoughtfulness.
I am sure that there are many American researchers (and of other nationalities too) that are regular visitors to mansell.com who will have heard of Rod Suddaby at the IWM in London. His passing is a huge loss to so many of us concerned with FEPOW history research. His contribution has been extraordinary.
--- Meg Parkes, FEPOW researcher and author
News From the Past
Newspaper and magazine articles about POWs
Latest addition - Story of Navy Nurse Marion Olds, Guam - Zentsuji - Kobe - Gripsholm
We have many articles which need to be transcribed. Can you help?
Paper Lanterns Project - film remembering POWs killed after A-bomb dropped on Hiroshima:
"In the summer of 1945, the United States dropped two atomic bombs on Japan. On August 6th, “Little Boy” was dropped on Hiroshima, and three days later, “Fat Man” was dropped on Nagasaki. Hundreds of thousands of people were killed. What few people know is that 12 American POWs were on the ground in Hiroshima, 1,300 feet from ground zero. Two of the twelve Americans were Normand Brissette of Lowell, Massachusetts, and Ralph Neal, of Corbin, Kentucky." more
Finding Our POWs -- The Recovery and Evacuation of POWs from Japan, 1945
YouTube video interviews of Allied POW's
The Sounds of War includes the audios of famous wartime news broadcasts including Tokyo Rose, Churchill, CBS News, and Tojo announcing the start of war.
Japanese Order to Murder all POWS
Contains Japanese Order to murder all prisoners plus the official authorization for guards to flee and change identities, issued the day of surrender-15 Aug 1945
Text -Surrender speech of Emperor Hirohito- note the dissembling and deceptive nature of his speech. He NEVER said the word surrender to his people.
GUAM- The story of the attack and surrender - Governor McMillan's report of actions during invasion by Japanese, 8-10 December 1941.
McMillan Interview- Formal Navy Interview, 23 Nov 1945.
Agaña Plaza - Virtual recreation of Agaña Plaza, December 1941. 5 virtual views.
Roster of all Guam personnel.
Guam Time Line - Regular updates for deaths of POWs, misc corrections and additions. Time line for POWs from Guam, captured 10 Dec 1941.
Aerial Views of Guam - 1945, plus the USS Ozark unloads first returned POWS
The Guam "Rooster Club" - A tradition that ended, December 7, 1941.
Zentsuji - Aerial view, photographs, sketches & Location Maps
Wake Island POWs at Zentsuji:
List of the men who arrived from Wake Island to join the Guam POWS.
Source: Courtesy of Professor Gregory Urwin, Temple University.
Description, roster, and 27 Liberation Photos.
Hirohata - Aerial Photos taken from B-29 dropping food - 9 Aug 1945. Flag Raising ceremony at Hirohata.
Osaka - Ichioka Stadium and Yokohama Stadium Hospitals.
Cabanatuan Burial Roster (external link) - On-going research by John Eakin
Osaka Camp List
Japanese submission to MacArthur of exact names and location of each camp under the control of the Osaka POW Camp Command. Many errors.
Death Railway Camps:
Names & Mileage - First accurate & complete listing of these horrific camps
Reprint from Nippon Newspaper:
Former Allied POWS aid victims of train wreck
For extensive archival data on ethnic Japanese and Japanese Americans in the US, visit Wes Injerd's EO9066 website, The Preservation of a People, dealing with the evacuation and relocation of people of Japanese ancestry during WWII (assembly and relocation centers, internment camps, etc.).
Bataan Blogspot - Robert Hudson's blog with a multitude of photos and stories (be sure to read his own story)
Defense of Bataan - much history here on the various units on Bataan
The Battle of Bataan - Facebook Group (lots of good data here)
War Voices - Growing site containing many stories by POWs. "Oral historian Val Burgess sheds light on the reasons for war, and the human side... of the prisoners, while held during the largest war in world history."
They Shall Not Grow Old... We Shall Remember Them