POW Camp #8
| Fukuoka #8 Branch POW Camp
Map showing relative position with other camps in Fukuoka POW Command.
3 Oct 1943: Established as Fuk-19-B
19 Apr 1944: Renamed Fukuoka 11-D
?? Mar 1945: 69 Americans arrive from Tanagawa (Osaka)
Aug 1945: Renamed Fukuoka 8-B
Sep 1945: Rescue effected
Japanese pics of this camp, and Yamano
British COFEPOW Story and pictures of Christmas 1944 at Inatsuki (original photo)
British Group at rescue: John Baxter is pictured third from right in the front row wearing a peaked cap. The picture was taken after the Japanese surrender by a Japanese photographer who was 'persuaded' to take it as a record of the physical condition of the prisoners. In The Diary of a Japanese P.O.W., John Baxter tells of the beatings and torture he witnessed first hand. One local Indonesian who traded some bananas with a prisoner was tied to a tree with barbed wire and left in the scorching heat. He also tells how every opportunity was taken to sabotage the Japanese war effort. Engines that they were instructed to repair left the workshops with nails or fragments of metal inserted inside them. Two hundred men died from malaria, dengue fever, dysentery and beriberi in the first six months alone.
Photos from John Marrison (PDF) - see Frank Marrison diary above. Also contributed was this unique commemorative fan with Marrison's history inscribed, dated Aug. 31, 1945:
Prisoners used as slaves in a coal mine of the Yamano Coal Mining Company.
251 British prisoners arrived 13 Oct. 1943 on the Ussuri Maru. 270 Dutch prisoners arrived on 25 Dec 1943 (Ship unknown at present) British and Dutch Army medical personnel were present in both groups. The Americans had earlier arrived at Moji (1 Sep 1944) on the Canadian Inventor after almost 60 days at sea.
Reports and Affidavits:
Gibbs Report- (postwar summary based upon interviews with Japanese officials) detail conditon and history of camp.
Fred Chick statement
Sylvan E. Murray - Info and news article, family scans courtesy of Karli Kittine, granddaughter
FUK-08 Watson and Wellings affidavits - original documents
Frank Marrison Diary (PDF, DOC) - "My father, Frank Marrison, was a prisoner in Camp No. 8, Inatsuki-machi, Kamo. He was in the 77th Welsh HAA." --John Marrison
Located in Record Group 331 Box 920; these files were mostly hand written and we have photographs of each page, available for the asking. Capt. Peter Williams, Royal Artillery, was overall prisoner camp commander
FUK-08 Rosters 1946-02-16 - ORIGINALS
Deceased roster (external PDF file)
"Missing Believed Killed" by John Baxter, British POW survivor
Ottens, Harbert (image 1 - image 2; courtesy of daughter, Sekiena Merlo)
Here is a copy of the photo which you may post on your website. My father is the man in the light colored shirt, pipe in mouth and wearing eye glasses. The photo indicates on the reverse that it was taken on Sept 3, 1945. One of the other men is Joop Moerman but I cannot make out my dad’s writing for the third man. His military record indicates my dad was taken as a POW on March 9, 1942 in Java and then transferred as follows:
Jan 7, 1943 Singapore
Jan 22, 1943 Siam (Thailand)
Aug 10, 1944 Japan
Sept 21, 1945 Freed from captivity
Sept 26, 1945 Transferred to Manilla
Dec 5, 1945 Returned to service