The PARTIAL list, reputed to be complete by the
Japanese, came from the Australian Military Forces. It has several
dates on it including 10 Sep 45. Information was supplied in Appendix B
of an HMS GLORY unnumbered signal of 062201K.
The header page is dated August 31, 1945 and is titled:
THE CONDITION OF PRISONERS OF WAR AND CIVILIAN
INTERNEES WHO WERE AND ARE UNDER THE PROTECTION AND CARE OF THE
IMPERIAL JAPANESE NAVY HEADQUARTERS, SOUTHEASTERN JAPANESE NAVY
The list of the dead, with the exception of the first
name, did not indicate the individual's service.
Note the date of capture of C. Sciara and his
death, in 40 days (!) from malaria and
beri beri. Typically, aviators were tortured and murdered as a policy
of the Japanese and a disease or bombing was cited by the Japanese as a
cause on the victim's death certificate.
When death is noted as "killed by bombing," it is pure fiction. These
men were simply executed
Source: Frank Sciara, brother of the murdered crewman.
Charles Sciara was shot down on January 14, 1944 during a raid over
Rabaul and was reported to be at a POW camp on Cape Gazelle.
| 2. DEAD [American
unless otherwise noted]
NAME NATIONALITY RANK
Date of Capture Place of Capture Date of
Bartvett, H.C.O. Amer. 2nd Lieut USAF 10/29/43 Gabubu 1/10/44, died of
Manon, Paul Monroe Petty Off. 2nd Class 11/22/43 New Ireland 2/22/44,
died of malaria
Sciara, Charles Staff Sgt [USMCR]
01/14/44 Rabaul 2/24/44, died of malaria and beri-beri
Marshall, Robert Woodson 1st Lieut 01/20/44 Rabaul 1/20/44, died of
excessive bleeding (age 22 - see below)
Kirk, James Petty Off.1st Class 11/22/43 New Ireland 4/12/44, killed by
Morgan, Carls Petty Off.2nd Class 11/22/43 New Ireland 4/12/44, killed
Thompson N.B. 1st Lieut. 11/22/43 New Ireland 4/12/44, killed by bombing
Clemens, Carl Clifford 1st Lieut 01/09/44 Rabaul 4/12/44, seriously
injured by bombing and died soon after
Osgen, Cieon Isaac Captain 01/10/44 New Ireland 4/12/44, killed by
Slipkas, Edward Michael Staff Sgt 02/14/44 Rabaul 4/12/44, seriously
injured by bombing and died soon after
White, Cecil Marvin Gunner 02/14/44 Rabaul 4/12/44, killed by
Bachman, Ershist Swiss Civilian 02/14/44 Rabaul 4/12/44, killed by
Unknown Finnish Civilian 02/14/44 Rabaul 4/12/44, killed by bombing
Commentary: In post-war tribunals, it was
proven that the Japanese commander ordered the murder of these men and
used a bombing as a means of covering up another atrocity. Sadly, this
was typical in almost every single command that had aviation prisoners.
Robert W. Marshall
I will quote one book, The Siege of
Rabaul by Henry Sakaida, that has the following information.
I have paraphrased, but directly from the book is in quotes.
taking off from Torokina Airfield, Bougainville Island, on January 20,
1944, 11 F4U Corsairs were flying a B -25 escort mission targeting the
Vunakanau Airfield near Rabaul. A division of four F4Us flown
Lieutenant Robert See, Captain Marion R. McCown Jr., 1st Lieutenant
Robert Hugh Brindos, and 1st Lieutenant Robert Woodson Marshall were
"flying top cover over the bombers. Just south of Cape St. George they
ran into the entire 204th Air Group (42 Zeroes). The Japanese
were soon crawling over them. Lt. See managed to claim two
and returned safely to base, but the other three disappeared."
his F4U went down, 1st Lieutenant Robert W. Marshall was captured by
the Japanese and sent to the prisoner of war camp on Rabaul where he died
the same day of massive bleeding.
1st Lieutenant Brindos was
captured two days later and would be killed in March with a group of
other prisoners who were marched out into the jungle and murdered.
crashed his F4U into the jungle where his plane and his remains were
confirmed just a couple of years ago with the help of DNA.
the way, I have information concerning this quote from your site:
"Mission History: Took off from Torokina Airfield as part of a F4U
escort for B-25s attacking Vunakanau Airfield near Rabaul. Records
incorrectly state he was piloting F4U 17448, but in fact he was flying
this aircraft, F4U 02402 (or possibly switched planes prior to take
off)." In actuality, McGown had been shot down five days before on Jan.
15. He was rescued the next morning, but his plane was lost.
he flew again on Jan. 20 for his last mission, he had a different F4U
for that reason.
Lt. See survived.
In spite of being
greatly outnumbered (11- 42), only three F4Us were lost that day, and
they managed to bring down three enemy Zeros.
information about my uncle, Robert W. Marshall: He was raised on South
Laurel Street Amite, LA, where he graduated from Amite High School in
1938. He was in his junior year at Louisiana State University
majoring in aeronautical engineering before joining the
Marines. He named his Corsair, "The Raven," because of his love of Edgar Allen
My uncle Robert W. Marshall is memorialized on the Tablets of the
Missing at Manila
American Cemetery. He received the Purple Heart.
I have attached picture of my uncle when he first joined the Navy,
before he went into the Marines, and one when he was a pilot.
--- From Marshall's
niece, Betty Montgomery