SENDAI No 7-Branch HANAOKA
(FUJITA GUMI HANAOKA KOZAN)
Hanaoka Coal Company
AKITA-ken, KITA AKITA-gun
Satellite View: requires Google maps
01 Dec 1944: Camp established as TOKYO Branch Camp No 9
14 Apr 1945: Jurisdictional control transferred from TOKYO POW CAMP 9-B to SENDAI POW Command.
Camp stablished as SENDAI 7-B. [existing Dutch POWs have new numbers assigned]
14 May 1945: Americans arrive [POW Numbers 1676 to 1875]
15 Sep 1945: Rescue effected
Group of Australian Officers at Rescue; all identified [External link]
Mass Grave- Bones of some of the Chinese slaughtered in slave uprising (War Crimes Evidence)
MacArthur Reports: See end note #22 regarding men killed at this camp during food drops by B-29s
This was the copper mine for Kajima Corporation. Working condition were dangerous and mistreatment a daily occurance. Most slave labor was for the Fujita-gumi Construction Company. Details not yet determined.
Many Americans known to have come from the Taiwan POW Camps on the Melbourne Maru. Most of these men had been sent from Manila to Taiwan on the Hokusen Maru.
Almost all civilians were from Wake Island, having earlier been sent to the Woosung POW Camp near Shanghai China on the Nitta Maru. These men were then sent as slave laborers at the Tokyo 2D and 5B Kawasaki Ship Yards before movement to Hanaoka.
Most of the Aussies came from Tokyo #4 at Naoetsu..
245 Americans 43 Australians
5 Americans and one Australian. External site (PDF) by the POW Research Network. One man (William Fisher) killed during food drops. James Ewing (civ.) was listed as dying at Sendai #8, but corrected to Sendai #7.
Download Excel Spreadsheet of POW Rosters. Contains much more information. (95kb)
The Hanaoka Incident:
Lawsuit and report [external link] on the gross mistreatment of Chinese forced labor and "comfort women" in the same area. The Chinese camp was separate from this camp. More
William Underwood's [external link] article documenting Japanese attempt to cover up and deny the Hanaoka massacres. An expose of the Japanese official government efforts toward revisionist history.