CAUTION: This report is
based primarily upon interviews with local Japanese officials
who had good reasons to present a kind and gentle treatment of
RECOVERY TEAM #63
HEADQUARTERS XIV CORPS APO 453
27 September 1945
SUBJECT: Report on Sendai P.O.W. camp #9, located at
TO: C.O. Recovered Personnel Division AGO GHQ AFRAC
STRENGTH OF CAMP
246 British (actual 248)
Lt. Heiji Mori, who was in charge of the camp said. "Eight
of the prisoners died while at the camp. Most of them died of
Beri-Beri. The bodies were cremated and the ashes were sent to
The main building was 48 by 16 paces. The part of this building
used for billeting the prisoners was 31 by 16 paces and two stories
high. The lighting was fair, having a window in the roof for
the purpose of letting in sunlight and also the building was
wired for electricity. There were no heating facilities visible
and the guard in charge admitted that the prisoners suffered
from the cold. The remainder of the building was composed of
two store rooms which contained approximately 25 bundles of blankets,
15 bundles of coats (English), 25 bundles containing shoes, trousers
and caps. 50 bags of rice, 50 cases of tea and some beans. There
were also several bundles of American parachutes. The guards
informed us that their orders were that the Occupational Army
would collect this equipment. On the roof of the main building
were painted the letters POW in high altitude.
There was a latrine built at one end of the main building containing
eighteen private toilets and a urinals which was eight paces
long. There was no excess waste around the latrine. A lean-to
shed was at the other end of the main building with a water well
and heating facilities for the laundry. On the wall was a sign
reading, "THIS WATER NOT TO BE USED FOR COOKHOUSE".
The guard informed me that this water was polluted but that they
had a tap in the same building with safe drinking water.
The kitchen was 9 by 16 paces. It was built of lumber with a
tile roof and a cement floor. Large cracks in the walls made
the building poor for winter use. The kitchen contained several
large cement bowls in which the prisoners cooked their food.
The prisoners ate their food in their sleeping quarters.
At one end of the kitchen was a large boiler used for heating
water for the bath. The bath tub was approximately two by fours
yards and four feet deep. At first the prisoners were allowed
to take a bath four times a week, but later when it became difficult
to obtain charcoal, the prisoners were only allowed two baths
a week. A short time before being released, the prisoners were
allowed a bath every other day. At the other end of the kitchen
there were three empty store rooms.
The guard administration buildings and sanitary facilities were
not much better than those of the prisoners. Near the entrance
gate was an air-raid shelter, large enough for the guards only.
Lt. Heiji Mori informed me that the prisoners at this camp were
the best fed, best clothed, and best quartered of any camp in
the Northern section. One of the reasons for this was probably
due to the fact that food and medical supplies had been dropped
by parachute on 22 August 1944, 1 September 1944, and 11 September
1944. There were empty cans of dehydrated milk, roast beef, meat,
and rice. There were also cans of Japanese canned foods in a
pile near the kitchen and a pile near the entrance gate. The
guard said, When the prisoners were imprisoned at this camp the
averages 57 kilograms in weight and when they were released they
weighed 66.25 kilograms".
Lt. Heiji Mori said, "Some of the prisoners that arrived
in October 1944 were wounded when their ship was torpedoed and
sunk. The prisoners were in a very weakened condition after being
in the water for two days before help reached them.
Lt. Heiji Mori told me the prisoners were worked from 0700 until
1539 during the winter months. And during the summer months they
worked from 0700 until 1630. The prisoners worked at loading
and unloading supplies from the trains and also they loaded and
unloaded ships at the docks.
The guards said, "For recreation, the prisoners played basketball,
softball, and went swimming in the ocean", which was about
450 meters from the camp.
Lt. Heiji Mori said, "The prisoners were allowed to have
religious services every Sunday. We found a number of hymns written
on paper. There were also about fifteen story books printed in
There was a twelve foot board fence enclosing the buildings and
area of the camp.
Lt. Heiji Mori said, "the camp was opened 10 March 1944".
The following men were the guards at the camp.
Sgt. (M) Gunpei Shimizu
Sgt. (Q) Motohiro Hanada
Cpl. Masoa Kumagai
Pvt. Eisuke Ito
Pvt. (M) Shigio Karino
Lt. Heiji Mori was in charge of the camp
/S/ Don C. King
DON C. KING 2d Lt. F.A.
Recovery Team #63