Tokyo 2B Kawasaki
AKA: Mitsui Camp #2 ("Mitsui Madhouse")
Tokyo 2-B Kawasaki
AKA: Mitsui Camp #2
KAWASAKI-shi, OGI-machi See area MAP
Satellite View- Google- Courtesy of Wes Injerd
Oct 1942: Established and first known as TOKYO POW CAMP No. 1-B WHARF SUB-CAMP (or WHARF BILLET) (FUTO SHISHO)
13 Nov 1942 - 312 Americans arrive from Philippines- a number of Guam men were already present per Carney diary.
1 Aug 1943: Renamed TOKYO POW CAMP No. 2-B
13 Nov 1943: Carney diary notes one year anniversary- 18 have died and only 108 of original 312 men remain at this camp
14 Nov 1953: Carney notes sudden passing of Dutch soldier "Geerartus" on this day- [Geeraths, Johannes died of acute pneumonia]
9 Dec 1943: Carney notes only 236 in camp
25 July 1945: Barracks destroyed in B-29 raid. Pows moved to Nisshin Flour Mill.
27 July 1945: Transfer to Nisshin completed after all bodies dug out of ruins.
September 1945: Rescue effected
This was one of four camps in Kawasaki: Kawasaki Main No.1 Bunsho, Kawasaki Dispatch No. 5 and Kawasaki Sub-camp No. 5.
Tokyo Command, Kanagawa Prefecture
Tokyo Area Commanding Officers: Col. Sekuba and Col. Susuki
Source: NARA, RG331, Box 1321, File 17
Kawasaki Sub-Camp #2
35.38'30"N -139.39'39"E [MAP]
Camp 2-B is located in the former boarding house of the Mitsui Shipping Company in the center of the industrial section of Kawasaki. Building covers approx. 900 sq. meters. One source reports two Allied POW stockades in the vicinity surrounded by a six-foot fence with no barbed wire. POWs work in iron works and docks.
Source: Report to Gen. MacArthur, 14 Aug 1945, in preparation for surrender.
The following is courtesy of Heather Atcheson, daughter of Graham Brodrick Instone from Sydney, Australia:
My father was one of many who spent 3 years in Nisshin and Mitsui camp in Japan during 1942-1945. He was on the SS Nankin when it was captured and sent to the POW camp. He kept a diary with the names of many others that were with him and some anecdotes of his time in the camp. He has drawings of when the camp was bombed and who was killed. He died in 1991. These are just a couple of pages of my Father’s diary whilst he spent time at this camp. He has lists of many men with him, names, addresses and phone numbers – of course many of these men are dead.
Diary Extract - PDF
Slave Labor Use:
Employer: Mitsui Corporation
Stevedore and steel mill labor for the Mitsui Corporation. Called the "Mitsui Madhouse" by some prisoners
Dolder Report: Report by rescue team #56 on the Kwasaki #2B POW Camp by team leader, 2 Lt Robert H. Dolder
Camp Photographs & Sketches Sketch of actual camp and aerial view after destruction in raid.
More pictures- external link and lots of group photographs. Worth the time to read every article and see the group photos of the men before the camp was destroyed in the firebombing. Created by son of POW Al "Blackie" Young who has created an excellent website, My Father's Captivity.
Aerial Pictures of Camp:
Illustrates the destruction in B-29 raid of 25 July 1945. Important sites are noted. Picture and description courtesy of Ed Jackfert, ADBC.
USMC known to have been at this camp
Full American Roster with a few Dutch & British -compiled from various sources- includes men who died at Tokyo #2B.
Combined Roster of known deceased for POW Camps #1 & #2
Story of Ensign Carney's death during 25 Jul 45 air raid. Source- note from Frank Carney's nephew. Guam man, WO Snater also killed in this raid. Carney Diary- covers partial period Nov 1943 to Aug 1944. Courtesy of nephew and namesake.
Books about Kawasaki 2B
Service to My Country by Edward Jackfert. Well illustrated and excellent details. Definitely worth the money.
Mitsui Madhouse Memoir of a U.S. Air Corps POW in World War II by Herbert Zincke- 2005 McFarland Publishing - Not reviewed- However, thought to be very accurate. Roster has numerous errors and we will post corrected roster later.
Al Young's son massive research; many documents and rosters. "My Father's Captivity" (not reviewed)
Japanese Camp Staff:
List of Japanese staff at date of surrender. Camp officials originally acknowledged by Japanese were:
C.O.- Lt. J Hayashi
C.O.- Lt. B. Kanatsuna This is probably the same as "Lt. Ryugo Kanetsuna," convicted and sentenced to nine years' hard labor in the case of the deaths of the 23 POWs on 25 July 1945,
C.O.- Lt Tasurnia
C.O.- Lt. S. Washimi
Med Cpl- (Pvt) Wata
Pvt M. Shiezawa