Fukuoka 18-B Sasebo

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Fukuoka 18-B
(SASEBO KAIGUN SHISETSU-BU)
NAGASAKI-ken, MATSUURA-gun, YUNOKI-mura [exact map location]
Apparently had prior location- see time line
Area Map- location in relation to other camps in Fukuoka POW Command.

Timeline: (Rogge Report)

14 Oct 1942: We arrived at Camp No. 18 the 14th of October 1942 and stayed there for eighteen months. Most of our fellows died there. We lost, thirty-five men in March 1943. We were divided in groups of twenty men. In March 1943 we lost six of our group. They all died of pneumonia. The Japanese worked us terrifically long hours. One time they worked us thirty-six hours without sleep. We worked in a rock quarry.
10 Aug 1943: Camp established at Sasebo Airport
17 Apr 1944: Camp closed; 100 surviving prisoners transferred to Fukuoka 1-B then located at the airport [Mushiroda] between Kashii & Fukuoka

Description by Japanese scholar Toru Fukubayashi, Translated by Yuka Ibuki
(Used with permission)
Soto Branch Camp (Fukuoka 18-B)
A temporary POW Camp was established at Yunoki-mura, Kitamatsuura-gun (current Yunoki-cho, Sasebo City), Nagasaki Prefecture in December 1942 and the POWs taken from Fukuoka POW Camp. [They] were forced to work for the construction of Soto Dam by Sasebo Naval Hdqs.
Established to be Fukuoka No.18 Branch Camp on October 10, 1943.
Closed on April 17, 1944 when the dam was completed, and the POWs were transferred to Fukuoka No.1 Branch Camp.
The POWs were used by the Facility Department of Sasebo Naval Hdqs.
53 POWs died while imprisoned. [many more died shortly after camp was closed as a direct result of conditions at Sasebo]
Labor:
Slave labor building facilities. Also a large detail [245 POWS- 132 survived] used for construction and quarry work at the Soto Dam. Very harsh conditions and excessive death rate. Men were mostly civilians from Wake Island who were from the third shipment from Wake Island on the Tachibana Maru (see Rogge Report).

Detailed Report on Circumstances Attending Capture of H.M.S. "Mata Hari" - Reports on Prisoner of War Camps (PDF) by Lt. A. C. Carston, Commanding Officer of HMS Mata Hari (courtesy of Jonathan Moffatt) - detailed reports on Sasebo Ainoura transit camp (page 3, bottom) and Camp #18 (pages 5 & 6)

Wilcox Diary.pdf

War Crimes Trial Reviews (original documents):
IMTFE_Case23_IKEGAMI - FUK-18.pdf
IMTFE_Case94_EGAWA, FUKUDA, ORITO, WATANABE - FUK-18.pdf


Hell Ship:
Tachibana Maru - departed Wake with some 200 civilian POWS on 20 Sept 1942. Arrived Moji 30 Sept 1942.

No roster found--- yet.

Known to have been at this camp (all ex Wake Island civilians):
Harold Leroy Bridgman (Wake civilian)
Edgar Franklin Burns - affidavit of Wake civilian produced for the War Crimes Trials- very extensive description of the camp and work conditions.
Harry J. Forsberg (Wake civilian)
Peter W. Hansen (Wake civilian - died 45.03.21))
Leonard Roy Ward (Wake civilian)
Donald M. Williams (deceased)- a remarkable tribute from his sister. Worth reading.

Deceased Roster:
Roster of deceased from Japanese Records
Men (31 of 113) thought to have perished according to memorial at site of camp. Very Inaccurate.
List_of_dead.pdf
Soto_Dam_new_plaque - photo of memorial plaque to reflect correct death roster
More on Soto Dam

Photos:
FUK-18_Lookout_area_at_Soto_dam
Battle_of_Wake_Island_memorial - Wake Island flag - courtesy of Barry Kelso