OMINE
Fukuoka Camp #5B Omine
(Kawasaki/Soeda)

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Fukuoka 5B Omine
Furukawa
Kogyo OMINE Kogyo-Sho, FUKUOKA-ken, TAGAWA-gun, SOEDA-machi

Time Line:
22 Jan 1943:
Established as OMINE Branch Camp
1 Mar1943: Renamed 5-B
1 Dec 1943: Renamed 8-D
Aug 1945: Renamed 5-B
Sep 1945: rescue effected

Hell Ships:
Taiko Maru; other not verifiable yet..

From the Taiwan POW Camps Memorial Society - this note:
"In early March 1945 a group of British POWs entered the camp. They came from Taiwan on the hellship Taiko Maru and remained at Omine 5B until the end of the war. POW Albert William Martin, 80th Anti-Tank Reg't. R.A. (see below) was among this group of men."

New Article about POW's rescue- Montreal Daily Star (no longer published)

Limited records of the camp activities can be found at the National Archives, Record Group 389 [Records of Provost Marshall General, American POW Info Bureau], Box 2123. Most comprehensive material found in Record Group 331, Box 922.
The rosters are located in Record Group 407 [Records of the Adjutant General's Office] known as "The Philippine Collection". The rosters are listed by camp name, e.g. "Fukuoka #5- Omine". These records are multiple in nature and have to be correlated for each camp. There is a roster prepared by the "Rescue Teams", one by the ranking allied commander, and one supplied by the Japanese. If you attempt to correlate the three, we find it takes at least two man weeks of work to resolve "most" of the discrepancies.
Would you care to volunteer?

Special Pages for all Fukuoka camps - A must see!

Photos:
FUK-05_Omine_mine_aerial
fuku_5_overview
fuk-05_living_quarters
fuku_5_bathtubs
fuk-05-mine_or_shelter_entrance
fuku_5_mine_entrance
fuk-05_mine_entrances_inside
fuk-05_mine_workers
fuk-05_camp_birdseye_view
fuk-05_POWs_with_priest
fuk-05_men_in_dispensary01
fuk-05_men_in_dispensary02



Archival Documents:

FUK-05_Camp_Report_by_Japanese
FUK-05_Document_list_Labor-Security-Death_Reports
FUK-05_Map_Buildings
FUK-05_Camp_blueprint

Fukuoka Camp: 5-B, Kawasaki-machi, Fukuoka Pref, Kyushu Island
Location: Area Map (Soeda-lower right quadrant)
See Detail MAP
Caution: Fukuoka #5 is not Hiroshima #6. Though both were called "Omine camp", Fukuoka #5 was in Fukuoka Pref. and Hiroshima #6 was in Omine-machi, Yamaguchi Pref., Honshu (near UBE). It's very easy to confuse the two camps. In Fukuoka #5, 8 British died by drinking methyl alcohol (45.09.07), 1 Australian and 12 Canadians died.

Slave Labor: Coal mining. See translation (PDF) of Japanese provisions for handling (employment as slaves) of POWs in this mine. [Source: RG 331 Box 922, transcribed by Vince Lopata, Secretary, HKVA 'C' Force Project]

POW Labor, Injuries, Payment, Supervision (original documents, PDF)

Japanese staff (original, PDF) - includes a list of wanted Japanese for other camps as well; very interesting nicknames!

Rosters:
Americans
British
Canadians
- See book by Palmer (below) and HKVCA page
Original rosters (PDF) - need help in transcribing

Deceased:
British, Australian and Canadian as list in Japanese records- External link-pdf file
Van Allen affidavit - Canadian men who died after drinking poisoned liquor... after V-J day! (Transcription courtesy of Scott Proudfit)
Original (PDF)

Affidavits: (original archival documents)

FUK-05_Halton_affidavit
FUK-05_Hitchen_affidavit
FUK-05_Earl_Mossman_affidavit
FUK-05_Fred_Rutherforth_affidavit

FUK-05_Ishida, Takamiya, Kawahara_case_analysis
FUK-05_Satoru_Matsui_deposition



Books:

1220 Days in Hell by Robert C. Daniels - tracks experiences of U.S. Marine Edmond Babler. Excellent description of hell ship Noto Maru and this camp. Worth price of purchase. Sole defect is major error in his description of Palawan massacre.

Dark Side of the Sun by Michael Palmer about his grandfather, George T. Palmer, Royal Canadian Rifles - A remarkable memoir, worth twice its price just for the many illustrations and excellent reportage of the Canadian's experiences. Old website with photos of camp.

"The Last Phase" at Omine by Ron Williams - many sketches of camp life; rare booklet