Hiroshima #1-B
Zentsuji POW Camp (formerly Osaka POW Command)

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Zentsuji POW Camp (Hir-01B-Zentsuji)
Zentsuji Machi (town) Nakatado-gun (Military District)
Kagawa Ken (Prefecture)
MAP
     Satellite View


Time Line:
15 January 1942:
Established as Osaka POW Command, Section I
15 January 1943: 150 additional officers arrive; mixed nationalities
3 Sep 1943: 2nd group of Officers [Listof 25] arrive from Tanagawa.
?? Jan 1945:
British officers were moved to Mitsushima POW Camp - some to Miyata and Hakodate as well, date not confirmed. Unknown [for now] destination for Dutch officers.
13 April 1945: Control transferred to Hiroshima POW Camp, Renamed Hiroshima Branch #1.
23 June 1945: American officers moved to Rokuroshi
25 June 1945:
Australian officers departed
Rescue effected on 5 Sept 1945

Deatiled Timeline of known events:
See
Guam Timeline


Photographs, Maps, and Sketches
Camp layout (courtesy of Brown)
Relief supply drop
Group of POWs 1943 (courtesy of Billie McNamara)
Erhardt, Jonelis, Eddington, Peterie, Fortney, Rice
Paid_agriculturalists_zentsuji_0355.jpg
Photographs & Sketches

Includes picture taken by Japanese guard

Port of entry was Todatsu for Guam POWs. Major work sites were Osa Yama (Mt. Osa), Sakaide, Todatsu, and Takamatsu. POWs transported by trains to the work sites.
Click for topographic details.

Japanese Camp Staff:
Camp Commander: Hosatani - Convicted and sentenced to 20 years
Camp Doctor: Saito - Convicted and Hanged
Asabuki - Camp Interpreter "Mr. Cambridge"
Mariyania - Camp interpreter
Additonal Research by Netherlands researcher, John Slootmaekers regarding Intl Red Cross Committee records.
Report of 20 April 1944 states 690 POW's at date, mostly officers; Col. K. Sugiyama was Camp Commandant on 4 August 1944


Camp Regulations and Layout (PDF) - courtesy of Janet Sykes

Nutrition of POWs at Zentsuji May 1948 (PDF)

HIR-01 Zentsuji assorted images (PDF)
American POW on Zentsuji dock maybe - Moreton.jpg
Dalrymple, Russell - Boot Camp Pic 1 - Dalrymple.jpg
IMG_1370-Red Cross list of camps aug 44.JPG
IMG_1371-Red Cross list of camps sep 44.JPG
James Drolette - Zentsuji.jpg
Johnston diary - Zentsuji 1.jpg
Johnston diary - Zentsuji 2.jpg
Lt.Carlson POW Zentsuji-message - from Wakelin.jpg
Lt.Carlson POW Zentsuji-picture side - from Wakelin.jpg
POW_Shikoku_1944 - Moreton.jpg
Schacht story-USS Perch.txt
zent_a_1_300dpi_copy.tif
zent_a_2_300dpi_copy.tif
zent_b-medical exam.tif
zent_b-pows march to osa yama copy.tif
zent_c- deck of Argentina- China Marines.tif
zent_c-deck of argentina maru.tif
zent_c-inspection at shanghai.tif
zent_d-mcmillan as pow copy.jpg
zent_d-mcmillan as pow.tif
zent_d-recreation at zentsuji.tif
zent_e-classroom at zentsuji.tif
zent_e-exercise at zentsuji.tif
Zentsuji POWs group photo - waiting for liberation.jpg
zentsuji_1,_2.jpg
zentsuji_3__nurses,_4 Mrs Hellmers and her baby.jpg
zentsuji_5,_6.jpg
zentsuji_7_(Lane)_8_(Mcmillin).jpg
zentsuji_9_(Mcmillin with Danileson to Taiwan)10(Lane).jpg
Zentsuji_camp_photo_1942 - Moreton.jpg
zentsuji_em_barracks.tif
zentsuji_jail.tif
zentsuji_latrine.tif
zentsuji_wash_racks.tif
IMG_1377-pic-Atsuyoshi Hosokawa.JPG
IMG_1378-pic Kataoka Yozo.JPG
IMG_1379-pic Hamada George.JPG
IMG_1380-pic Toshiro Shinohara.JPG
IMG_1381-Taniguchi Masayasu-1.JPG
IMG_1382-Taniguchi Masayasu-2.JPG
Primary Slave Labor Use:
Stevedores at Sakaide Rail Yards and the Port of Takamatsu (Nippon Express Co.)
Note: The camp was a "Show Camp" for propaganda purposes. Contained mostly Officers plus enlisted ranks from Guam & Wake Island.


Rescue Roster:
Final rescue roster of remaining 109 POW. 103 Americans, one British and five New Zealanders.

Interim Camp Rosters:
These are the English, American, Dutch, Australian/ New Zealand/ Fiji interim rosters listing all men who were, at one time or another, held in this camp.
Rosters of Wake men transferred to Zentsuji and the five men murdered at Yokohama

HIR-01 Zentsuji rosters RG 407 Box 102 (PDF) - original documents
Death lists for Hiroshima camps (PDF)


Interviews: 15 Dec 2001
PFC.Carroll D. "Barney" Barnett, USMC, Sumay Marine Detachment- Zentsuji POW Camp. Excellent description of the invasion of Guam. "Barney" passed away, December 2001.
Hoyt B. Williams Jnr., Lt. (jg), USN, 3rd Engineer on "Stanvac Calcutter", sunk off the Brazilian coast on June 6, 1942 by the German raider STIER. [Merchant Marines]

Zentsuji Reunion photos with Roger Mansell (2001?):

Affidavits:
Capt Michael Ushakoff- describe conditions at camp
Capt Stuart Gordon Nottage (AIF) testimony for War Crimes Commission

HIR-01 Zentsuji affidavits (PDF) - original documents
William Alford affidavit - 192nd
George Henfling affidavit
Frederick Yeager affidavit
Robert Newton affidavit - Zentsuji, Sakai Prison
Charles Maltby affidavit - Java, Roberts death
George McMillin affidavit - Guam
Warren Baggett affidavit


Story of Navy Nurse Marion Olds, Guam - Zentsuji - Kobe - Gripsholm


Coast Watchers: List and details of capture of the New Zealand coast watchers at Zentsuji before the Americans arrived from Guam

Books Describing Life at Zentsuji:

Roger Mansell -
Captured: The Forgotten Men of Guam - contains much info on Zentsuji (Roger originally titled his book, The Zentsujians: The story of the American POWs captured by the Japanese on Guam in WWII. See this review by Kinue Tokudome.)

Joe "Fingers" Brown- "We Stole to Live" - the single best POW book on this camp. Contains pictures of over 90% of the men. [Best Book]
Ed Hale's Book "First Captured, Last Freed"- Hale was a crewman aboard the USS Penguin and enslaved at Hirohata POW Camp.
Don Binns - "A Survivors Story: An American POW in Japan during WW II" - E-book written by Navy man stationed at Piti Navy Yard.
"Notify Alec Rattray" by Meg Parkes from the diary of her father, Atholl Duncan, British officer sent to Zentsuji & Rokuroshi. Excellent compilation of information and explanation of diary entries. Sequel: "A.A. Duncan is OK" is also available.