Location & History:
(NIPPON SEITETSU KOGYO FUTASE KOGYO-SHO)
Also known as "Shin-Iizuka"
Location: FUKUOKA-ken, KAHO-gun, FUTASE-machi, Worker's Club
Satellite View - needs Google maps
Relief Map- show relative location to other camps
May 1943: Established as Fukuoka #16-Branch
1 Dec 1943: Renamed 10-Dispatch camp
Aug 1945: Renamed Fukuoka #7 Branch Camp
16 September 1945: Rescue Effected
This slave labor camp was first occupied by at least 400 Dutch and 2 British prisoners in May of 1943. [Dutch Capt. Andrau's daughter also states her father traveled with "400 men" rather than 350 mentioned by numerous affidavits]. Just over 50 Dutch men died in this camp. The camp total of 552 was reached after the arrival of the American contingent and remained about the same until the camp was liberated.
NARA Reports- RG389: partial list of significant affidavits and reports regarding this camp. Gives a good overview of available documents at NARA.
Gibbs Report: A compilation of camp history based upon affidavits submitted by POWS
Affidavits: Dutch Air Force Officer, J.F.Wilkens. He describes in detail the operational status of the camp: clothing & other issues, food & recreation. Special thanks to Faye Powell, daughter of Australian POW Robert Bede "Bob" Moore, captured at Hong Kong.
Books about Futase:
See link to American VERSAW on American camp roster. Outstanding story of the conditions aboard the hell ship, Nissyo Maru.
From the Tokyo Weekender magazine:
"Two guards—indicated only by nicknames as 'Gorilla' and 'Blackjack,' along with the medical assistant—were extremely cruel in their beatings of the prisoners, and, in most cases, the prisoners themselves did not know the reasons. The beatings of the prisoners, frequently into insensibility, were administered for the slightest cause, generally unknown to the offender, and were so cruel and damaging as to require hospitalization."
This testimony comes from Fukuoka Camp No.10 at Futase on Kyushu. Malnutrition was the cause of many deaths of POWs. See this page for full story (about 3/4 down the page).
Interviews About Futase:
George Thornton interview (Univ. of So. Mississippi)
We have a memoir by Harold L. Page describing the camp - not digitized. Care to volunteer?
Slave labor in Coal Mining- shifts were run around the clock. Failure to meet quotas resulted in beatings, removal of food and extended work hours.
Hell Ship: Nissyo Maru, August 1944 for the Americans. Large number of British known to have arrived 23 May 1943 from the Wales Maru.
American (Includes American deceased)
Dutch - compiled and transcribed by Armand Leeuwendal
British & Others (Not located yet)
Lt Joseph Aidan McCarthy (RAAF MD) was camp doctor. After surrender, he worked on cremating the dead from the atom bomb and was rescued at Fuk-26.
Photographs & Maps
Birdseye view near end of camp center of picture wooden fence around the camp 18 Sept 1945. Only photostat copies exist at NARA, RG 407. Today, it is the site of a golf driving range.
Layout 1 - Layout 2 - Layout annotated
More pictures of Futase
Photograph of Medical Staff:
Picture from the Corrigan collection- courtesy of noted military memoribilia collector, Kurt Stauffer
Corrigan in front row, third from left
Click on picture for more details.
FUK-07_Roster_Burn_diary.pdf - Futase roster and partial Burn diary (RG 407 Box 53)
FUK-07_Wilmoth_Wilkens_Reports_Wakizaka.pdf - Claude Wilmoth deposition, Wilkens Report, Camp Investigation Report, Wakizaki statement
fuk-07-2.JPG Garden area
fuk-07-3.JPG Main entrance, guard house, bulletin board; Sick bay
fuk-07-4.JPG "Benjo" toilet duty, used as fertilizer
fuk-07-5-calorie-food-chart.JPG Monthly average daily rations per man