Many of the British & Australian men mentioned herein
were survivors of the Hofuku Maru that was sunk
21 Sept 1944 off of Luzon by U.S. planes. The were part of the
group that was then put aboard the Benjo Maru (Hokusen
Maru) to Taiwan via Hong Kong. After a few of months
in Taiwan, they were then sent on to Japan on the Melbourne
Maru. Most sent to Fukuoka
#17. 300 sent to Sendai
#3 Hosokuru. Others were sent on the Oryoku Maru.
8 Aug 1944
21 British prisoners of war arrived at 0005, diagnosis, Dysentery.
They were enroute to Japan from Singapore. Part of building 12
used as an isolation ward to accommodate this group. Camp census
804, patient census 430.
24 Aug 1944
Draft of 1035 men left for Japan at 1500 and returned from the
port area at 1700. 16 British POW admitted at 1730; 16 at 1820
and 18 at 1900. [50 total] The British prisoners had been aboard
a ship in Manila Bay, awaiting departure for Japan.. They were
all in poor condition, suffering from Dysentery, beriberi, malnutrition
and pellagra. When carried to the wards by the hospital corpsman,
one of the British remarked that they were "bloomin eyenjils".
Slipsager and one other returned to Corregidor.
25 Aug 1944
Draft of 1035 left for Japan at 0620. GEORGE TILLER, Bombardier,
British Army, 85th Anti-tank Regiment, Royal Artillery, #1491507.
Died at 1130. Diagnosis of Dysentery, Amebic. Buried in Bilibid,
row 4, grave 35. 2 men received from Corregidor and 1 from the
26 Aug 1944
19 men from the aircraft working party moved to building 12.
30 men from the Clark Field draft to aircraft working party.
WILLIAM HERBERT HICKMAN, Private, British Army, RAOC, #764992,
died at 1730, diagnosis Dysentery, Amebic. Buried in Bilibid,
row 4, grave 37.
WILLIAM LESLIE LEACH, Private, British Army, 5th Bn. Berfs, Herts
Regiment, #5955631, died at 2326. Diagnosis Dysentery, Amebic.
Buried in Bilibid, row 4, grave 38.
27 Aug 1944
All chop marks collected by order of the Japanese from personnel
who are paid (Officers and Medical Department Personnel).
JAMES ASHTON. Private, British Army, 1st Bn., Manchester Regiment,
#3529668, died at 1600. Diagnosis of Dysentery, Amebic. Buried
in Bilibid, row 4, grave 39.
JOHN GARROD, Private, British Army, 4th Bn., The Suffolk Regiment,
died at 1730. Diagnosis of Dysentery, Amebic. [see next entry
for burial location]
28 August 1944
Graveyard census 164. No further burials to be made in Bilibid.
Pay day - officers and medical staff. Small increase in amount
allowed to keep. Remains of GARROD were taken to Manila for burial
at 1600 today. Chaplain Brewster under guard accompanied the
remains to conduct theservices. Transportation furnished was
an old truck used for hauling manure. Interment was atDel Norte
Cemetery. While the burial party was at the cemetery, thirteen
crosses, withoutidentification, were erected over graves of recent
29 Aug 1944
ALBERT BAILEY, Lance Corporal, British Army Signals, #32322473,
died at 0420. Diagnosis of Dysentery, Amebic. At 1620, the remains
of BAILEY were taken out for burial; transported in the truck
regularly used for the collection of garbage and trash. Chaplain
Brewster, under guard, accompanied remains. Funeral services
and burial in Del Norte Cemetery, Manila P.I.
31 Aug 1944
NORMAN WILLIAM BERRY, Private, British Army, 4th Royal Norfolk
Regt., #4777181, died at 0020 this date. Diagnosis of Dysentery,
Amebic. Remains interred in Del Norte Cemetery, Manila P.I.
3 Sep 1944
CECIL VICTOR HALL, Lance Corporal, #4933730, 2nd Cambs Army,
British Army, died at 0400. Diagnosis of Dysentery, Amebic. At
0610 this date, a draft of 98 S.I.H. patients transferred to
Cabanatuan. Dr. GREENMAN transferred to Cabanatuan with this
group. One (1) patient admitted from Caloocan at 1030. At 1500
this date, the remains of HALL were taken to Manila for burial.
Chaplain Brewster accompanied the remains and conducted services.
Burial in Del Norte Cemetery. At 1900, 206 man draft arrived
from Cabanatuan enroute to Japan. Lieutenant G.T. FERGUSON, M.C.,
USN, with this group. All sick in quarters Patients, except staff
and officers, disposed of. 61 discharged to outgoing draft, 34
men changed to sick in hospital. Camp census 1,729; patient census
23 Sep 1944
221 British and Dutch war prisoners were brought into camp at
about 2300, all of which were practically naked. These men were
survivors from a ship that was sunk by American planes on the
21st of September outside of Manila Bay. [Hofuku Maru]
This ship was one of a convoy of 8 ships bound for Japan with
1260 British and Dutch prisoners from Singapore and D.E.I. aboard.
These men state that they have been in the hold and aboard this
ship since February, when they boarded in Singapore. They have
been lying in Manila Bay since July 17th. 5 of these men were
suffering from gunshot wounds and fractures received on the 22nd
aboard a Japanese fishing boat which was enroute from Hong Kong
and had picked up the survivors. This board was strafed by American
planes. A total of 37 men were admitted to wards and the entire
draft seem to be suffering from beriberi and dysentery.
25 Sep 1944
JOHN WILLOX, Corporal, British Army, Gordon Highlanders, #2876280,
died at 1615 this date. Diagnosis of dysentery, Amebic. At 1740
this date, the remains of Goossens and Willox were taken to Manila
for interment in Del Norte Cemetery. Both bodies were encased
in the same box. Funeral services were conducted by Rev. George
E. McNeill, Chaplain, Field, British Army (Chaplain McNeill arrived
along with the other survivors on the 23rd)
29 Sep 1944
Three patients admitted from prisoner of war ship (British).
2 Oct 1944
ROBERT DEWHURST, #2321358, Sergeant, Royal Corps of Signals,
British Army, died at 0610 this date. Diagnosis of Dysentery,
Amebic. He was one of the survivors of the ship sunk in the China
Sea on 21 Sep 1944. Remains interred in Del Norte Cemetery, Manila,
P.I. at 1500 this date.
OWEN M. HEWLETT, PFC, USA, #6642218, 192nd Tank Bn., died at
1950, diagnosis Dysentery, Amebic.
3 Oct 1944
ARTHUR FROGLEY COX, Private, British Army, #6020844, 1st Cambridgeshire
Regiment, died at 0725 this date. Diagnosis beriberi, Cardiac.
Remains interred in Del Norte Cemetery, Chaplain Brewster officiated.
24 Oct 1944
REESE, CHARLES ATHOL, Technical Sergeant, US Army, # 6383509,
died at 0520 this date. Cause of death: Beriberi (Cardiac). This
man was a member of the above mentioned draft group.
GREGORY, HERBERT JAMES, Private, British Army [Suffolk
Regt]. Died at 0705 this date. Cause of death: Dysentery,
Amebic. Remains of both taken to Manila for interment in Del
Norte Cemetery by the Japanese. Bilibid Chaplain accompanied
remains. American planes raided Manila area three times this
29 Oct 1944
At 0730 this morning, American dive-bombers were sighted over
the Manila area. Explosions were heard about the time the air
raid alarm was sounded at 0750. 1050 back on alert. Air raid
at 1300, 1425 back on alert; 1545 air raid; 1645 back on alert;
WATT, JOHN WILLIAM, Private, British Army, #10031540, died at
1630 this date. Cause of death: Dysentery, Amebic
30 Oct 1944
Remains of WATT taken to Manila by the Japanese for interment
in Del Norte Cemetery. Bilibid chaplain accompanied deceased.
13 Dec 1944
One thousand six hundred nineteen (1619) American, British and
Dutch prisoners of war departed for Port area, Manila at 1115
this date enroute to Japan. [Oryoku Maru] Camp
census now 429. Patient census 340. Bilibid seems like a deserted
19 Dec 1944
ANDERSON, ERNEST CHARLES, Private, Driver, British Army, died
at 0125 this date. Cause of death: Carcinoma, broncho genic [lung
cancer\. The deceased was a survivor of the former sinking of
prisoner of war ship. Taken to Del Norte Cemetery, Manila, P.I.,
this date for burial by the Japanese.
8 Jan 1945
-end of diary extract-
BALAAM, HAROLD (none), Private, British Army, #583409, [Cambridgshire
Regt] died at 1200 this date. Cause of death: Hepatitis, cause
undeter. Autopsy performed. Japanese did not issue instructions