|Bilibid POW Camp|
Former Civilian prison converted to a POW camp, hospital and transit camp for POWS. Almost every man captured on Corregidor passed through this camp at one time or another. As it was a transit point for movement to other camps, e.g., Davao, and for hell ships to Japan, it is safe to say that over 80% of all survivors from Bataan also passed through this camp.
First major use as transit point for high ranking officers from Bataan and for all men from Corregidor.
27 May 1942: First shipment of Corregidor POWS depart for Cabanatuan
3 Jun 1942: Exodus of high rank officers to Tarlac begins.
2 Oct 1943: 150 doctors, medics and patients transferred to Cabanatuan. Included were Doctors Ferguson, Berley, Bookman and Glusman. Corpsmen Richard Bolkster, Bernard Hildebrand and Ernie Irvin.
Remaining were: Doctors Carey Smith, Max Polhman, Marion Wade (Exec Officer) & Gordon Lambert. Source: John Glusman
The Last Days of Bilibid / Record of Events - by Sgt. Ike Thomas / Medical Dept., Bilibid Prison
Photos - middle of page
Commanded by Col Hayes who replaced Captain Lea B. Sartin who was assigned by Japanese. [Sartin- first Med CO at Bilibid]
Headed by Captain Kusamoto but Bilibid doctors under control of Nogi Naraji, Captain IJA (MC)
Bilibid Transfer Roster
Bilibid Liberation Roster
Wonderful story by Stanley Frankel, one of the men who rescued the internees & POWS at Bilibid. Well written and factual.
Originally three facilities.
#3- 15 miles from city of Cabanatuan: received the first group of POWS from Corregidor via Bilibid on 27 May 1942. By May 30th, camp population up to 6000.
May 31st: 1500 arrived at camp #2 which was nine miles from town. Water supply inadequate and men transferred on 3 Jun 42 to Cabanatuan #3.
O'Donnell: Camp #1 up to 7000 internees
Two large drafts left in Oct 1942 and balance of men sent to #3. O'Donnell closed except for hospital.
Joseph H. Sawyer (info courtesy of Joe Chetwynd)
In the town of Marshfield, Mass., on the South Shore, there is a Veteran Memorial Park. At the entry of that park there is a boulder with a bronze plaque on it, to honor Commander Joseph H. Sawyer who was a survivor of the Bataan Death March. He died in Marshfield in 1959; his widow followed him in 1984. They are buried in a family cemetery behind the old family homestead in that town.
He was captured at the Cavite Naval Base, survived the Bataan Death March and was interned at the Bilibid Prison Camp for three years. In his time there, he had to have both his legs amputated, I understand, and the lore is that he, being a doctor, performed the surgery himself. I cannot attest to that, of course, but that is supposedly a true story.
In his near fifteen years following the war, he resided in Marshfield, practiced medicine there and got around in a wheel chair, all the while living on the top of a large hill looking out onto the Atlantic Ocean. As you would guess, he was a much beloved and valued citizen of the town. I am not aware if he had any children, and if so, if any still live in the town. He is not forgotten, at least by his brother veterans in the town, but I wonder how many of her growing and changing population know a scintilla about this hero of WWII. I wonder, too, if anyone has ever heard of the Bataan Death March, for that matter. I shudder to think.