Sendai Camp #6-B
A.K.A.
HANAWA

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Hanawa POW Camp
Sendai Command, also known as Sendai #6 Divisional Camp. Formerly Tokyo #8
Slave Labor Camp for the Mitsubishi Company's Osarizawa Copper Mine


Camp History:
Five Page Essay by James T. Murphy

Definitions: Japanese location terminology
Location:

AKITA-ken, KATSUNO-gun, OSARUSAWA-mura. [Osarizawa-mura]
Satellite View- Requires Google Maps
Relief Map- show location in relation to other camps

Camp Timeline:
Per Wes Injerd's chart of camps
8 Sep 1944: Established as Tokyo 8-B (OSARUSAWA KOZAN)- ex hell ship Noto Maru
14 Apr 1945: Jurisdictional control transferred from Tokyo POW Camp 8-B to Sendai POW Camp. Established as Sendai Branch Camp No. 6-B, (MITSUBISHI KOGYO OSARUSAWA [aka HANAWA] KOZAN)
September 1945: Rescue Effected

Timeline: Camp logbook - Source: Adrian Martin

Hanawa liberationCamp Photograph taken at rescue

Click on picture for larger image. Scan courtesy of James Murphy.

Many photographs of Hanawa camp, taken at liberation, Sept. 1945


Japanese Camp Staff:
George Cobb - stated that a Japanese guard nick-named "Happy" (ore crushing detail) covered for men who were unable to work and smuggled in food. POWs gave him a letter asking that he be given assistance by the liberators.

War Crimes Trial:
Tsuchiya, Hichiro, Mine Foreman, Osaraizawa Mining Company(copper mine), near Sendai Area PW Camps No. 6 and 7, Hanawa, Honshu, Japan


Aerial Photograph and Location Map
Camp Layout

Interviews:
Interview
with George E. Cobb, POW # 35

Memoir- Harry Whittinghill describes ordeal of capture on Bataan through rescue at Hanawa. Limited value as no dates specified- NOT a diary

Primary Labor Use:
Copper Mining
Hell Ship:
500 men arrived on board the Noto Maru that departed Manila 14 Aug 1944 for Moji, Japan (brief stop in southern Formosa port of Takao). The POWs arrived at this camp on 9 Sep 1944.
Commonwealth- Hellship not known


Camp Rosters at Liberation:  
Roster at liberation, Sep 1945 - includes deceased
American Roster  Army, Navy, USMC
British (includes Austrailians) Roster

List of deceased at Hanawa:
(includes dates, cause & Next of Kin)

James Murphy, 1941
James Murphy 1941
Complete rosters - Compiled, editied and verified by former POW James T. Murphy and his wife, Nancy, from records obtained at the National Archives by Roger Mansell. List of all ranks include seriel number, place of capture and service. List of deceased includes date, cause and next of kin.

Jim's story (5 pages)



Books Describing Life at Hanawa:
“..when men must live”
by Kenneth B. and James T. Murphy, “..when men must die live”, I West Publications, Livermore (CA), 2009. Memoir of Army Air Corps Tech Sgt James T. Murphy captured on Bataan and eventually rescued at Sendai #6, Hanawa. Extensive description of initial attacks on Nichols Field, Bataan battles and experiences in various POW camps. Good detail of the hell ship, Noto Maru. The values instilled in him as a youth allowed him to survive. Contact

Brothers From Bataan by Adrian R. Martin. Excellent research by nephew of a POW who perished in this camp. Also includes copy of souvenier roster prepared by a survivor. Has roster of Noto Maru and Las Piņas labor detail. Rosters have numerous errors since the "camp prepared" rosters were typewritten and not proofed against personnel records. Ask for compiled roster by this Center.
"I Am Alive" by Sgt Maj Charles R. Jackson, USMC, edited by Major Bruce Norton. Somewhat disorganized and limited descriptions but fascinating reading.

Interview of Frank Goldstein (Quicktime needed) by the Proviso School Project


Japanese Commandant's
Announcement that war is over. (Illustrated)

Modern View of Camp: Link to current Japanese page for this camp, now a "Theme Park" for mining. Known as the "Mine Land Osarizawa." An interesting trip to this location is here.