[Tobata/Kokura] - Yawata
Fukuoka #3 [Tobata/Kokura] POW Camp
Prisoner of War Information Bureau states first located in suburban section of city of Yawata (asa Yahata), new camp was then erected in suburb of Tobata, POWs always worked in Yawata steel mills. Area now the city of KITAKYUSHU.
Exact location: the latitude and longitude of the camp are: 33 degrees 54 min 0 sec North and 130 degrees 51 min 2 sec East [Courtesy of John DeBriere]
Fukuoka-03-B KOKURA-shi, OAZA NAKAI, AZA YAKURASHIMO (NIPPON SEITETSU YAHATA SEITETSU-SHO)
[Area MAP] and Exact location
Satellite- Requires Google
23 Sep 1942; Established at YAHATA-shi, NAKA-machi, Known as YAHATA Provisional POW Camp [Also known as "The Citadel"]- Satellite View
Nov 1942: 36 US Marines arrive from Woosung.
1 Jan 1943: Renamed FUKUOKA POW CAMP YAHATA Branch Camp
1 Mar 1943: Renamed 3-B
15 Dec 1943: Moved to KOKURA-shi, OAZA NAKAI, AZA YAKURASHIMO
13 Sep 1945: Rescue effected
Camp Layout: Sketch by Sgt Davis
Sketch of camp location: by David Nash
Bombing Raid: Description of the first B-29 raid over Japan- Target Yawata - excellent narrative of the first major raid over Japan.
Books (2) Describing Life at Fukuoka #3
Special: The Survivors from the submarine, USS Grenadier SS210. [EXTERNAL Link] Rescued at Tobata
Main Street, B-29 dropping food (shows handmade flags) and overview from nearby hill. Private collection of Pat Hilley and NARA Pictures
Major William O. Dorris accepting the surrender of Japanese Camp Commander.
80-G-346525: Former Japanese commandant of POW camp, Fukuoka #3, Major Rikitake, yielding sword to Major W.O. Dorris, USA, present commandant of POW camp in Tobata, Kyushu, Japan. [Fukuoka #3] 15 Sep 1945. Major Dorris was leader of the rescue team for the Fukuoka camps. Records indicate he was rescued in the Philippines in early 1945.
More Photos- External Link- slow loading; includes picture of first camp "The Citadel"- This is Wes Injerd's massive site about the Fukuoka camps.
| Special Note: We
have located and photographed all the rescue rosters, deceased rosters,
reports, etc., for this camp. We need volunteers to transcribe same.
Slave Labor: Slave Laborers at the Yawata Steel Mills (NIPPON SEITETSU YAHATA SEITETSU-SHO)
Camp had numerous survivors of the Oryoku Maru; Some men from the Clyde Maru; Asama Maru- carried survivors of the USS Grenadier from Singapore (Sept 1943); Wake CPNAB men arrived on the Tachibana Maru
Gibbs Report: Tobata #3- Full summary of camp conditions and movements. Commentary by Sgt Kirk to correct the Gibbs mis-statements.
Investigation Report (DOCX file)
NARA Notes: About this camp, recorded during our research of Record Group 389 - very useful for personal research
Secret Camera ! - Rare & startling pictures of POWS being deliberately starved. Taken by T.S. Kirk, USMC. Used with permission. More pictures of camp!
Camp Affidavits, Statements and Testimonies
Billie Emerick interview - Special biography produced by Emerick's nephew, Scott Proudfit.
Camp Rosters at Liberation:
British: Military Civilians
xls file of British
Deceased at Fukuoka #3
Rosters do not include men transferred to other camps- these are the rescue rosters.
Note: We have scans of rosters for other nationalities pending transcription. Ask for copies.
Japanese Camp Staff:
Complete staff as of liberation
Special Pages for all Fukuoka Camps - A must see!